Why does herpes cause repeated outbreaks?
After a person is first infected, the herpes virus travels to nerve cells near the spine and stays there. When there is a trigger, the virus can become active again. Triggers can include illness, stress, and hormonal changes.
When the virus is active again, it travels along the nerves, back to where it first entered the body, and causes a new outbreak of sores and blisters (one of the symptoms of herpes). This is called a recurrence.
The virus can be passed to others during a recurrence. It’s also important to know that you can pass HSV to someone else even when you do not have sores. The virus can be present on skin that looks normal, including right before and after an outbreak.
See Genital Herpes to learn more.
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Published: September 2021
Last reviewed: September 2021
Copyright 2021 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. All rights reserved. Read copyright and permissions information.
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