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Back labor refers to the intense lower back pain that many women have during labor and delivery. Some women even feel this pain between contractions. The pain is caused by the pressure of the fetus’s head on the lower back. Childbirth classes can teach you ways to deal with back labor, including changing positions or partner massage.

You also can consider medications for pain relief during labor and delivery.

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Published: October 2020

Last reviewed: October 2020

Copyright 2021 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. All rights reserved. Read copyright and permissions information.

This information is designed as an educational aid for the public. It offers current information and opinions related to women's health. It is not intended as a statement of the standard of care. It does not explain all of the proper treatments or methods of care. It is not a substitute for the advice of a physician. Read ACOG’s complete disclaimer.