ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of mortality for women, and only a small percentage of women have optimally managed risk factors. One of the strongest risk factors for CVD is an increased lipid level. Many women seek primary care from obstetrician–gynecologists who often identify and provide initial management of dyslipidemia in these women. Thus, it is imperative that obstetrician–gynecologists become familiar with the identification and treatment of women with dyslipidemia to minimize their future risk of CVD. This monograph provides a brief primer on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of dyslipidemia in women, as it pertains to CVD risk.