• Clinical Updates in Women's Health Care CU
  • November 2012

ABSTRACT: Anemia is a public health issue that affects individuals across all age groups. The relatively high prevalence of anemia in both pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age and the progressively increasing prevalence of anemia in older women require obstetrician–gynecologists to be well equipped to prevent anemia in susceptible women and to evaluate and treat the patients with common forms of anemia. Although iron deficiency is the most common underlying cause of anemia in women, the development and pathogenesis of anemia are frequently multifactorial, modulated by a combination of inherited, environmental, iatrogenic, and systemic disease-related factors. A comprehensive and systematic approach to the clinical and laboratory evaluation of each anemic patient will allow obstetrician–gynecologists to comfortably establish a diagnosis, administer treatment in uncomplicated cases of isolated anemia, and collaborate with a hematology subspecialist in the treatment of patients who require further evaluation and treatment.

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