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Clinical Updates in Women's Health Care

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Incidental Findings at the Time of Cystoscopy

ABSTRACT: Cystourethroscopy can be performed by obstetrician–gynecologists for diagnostic and occasional operative indications. Intraoperative use of cystourethroscopy to confirm urinary tract (urethral, bladder, and ureteral) integrity is one of the most important indications, because these findings can greatly affect patient care. This monograph provides an overview of appropriate instrumentation and technique for cystourethroscopy in women with normal anatomy. Also, it depicts benign and malignant lesions of the urethra and bladder and shows examples of intraoperative abnormalities, such as incidental bladder or urethral penetration, and nonpatent ureters, foreign body erosion, or fistula-related complications. Clinical vignettes outline differential diagnoses and management of common cystourethroscopic findings.

About Clinical Updates

Clinical Updates in Women's Care is designed to educate obstetrician–gynecologists in primary and preventive care issues that related to office practice. Each peer-reviewed monograph provides a clinically-oriented overview of conditions that affect women's health.

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