Neonatal Encephalopathy and Neurologic Outcome

  • Task Force Report TF

(Reaffirmed 2019)

In the first edition of this report, the Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy and Cerebral Palsy outlined criteria deemed essential to establish a causal link between intrapartum hypoxic events and cerebral palsy. It is now known that there are multiple potential causal pathways that lead to cerebral palsy in term infants, and the signs and symptoms of neonatal encephalopathy may range from mild to severe, depending on the nature and timing of the brain injury. Thus, for the current edition, the Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy determined that a broader perspective may be more fruitful. Included in the new materials is expanded information on acid-base parameters of umbilical cord blood and the inappropriate use of the terms fetal distress and birth asphyxia.