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Prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism

  • Practice Bulletin PB
  • Number 84
  • August 2007

ABSTRACT: Despite advances in prophylaxis, diagnosis, and treatment, venous thromboembolism remains a leading cause of disability and death in postoperative, hospitalized patients 1 2 3. Venous thromboembolism most commonly occurs in the form of a deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. Beyond the acute sequelae, venous thromboembolism may result in chronic conditions, including post-thrombotic syndrome, venous insufficiency, and pulmonary hypertension. The purpose of this bulletin is to review the current literature on the use of thromboprophylaxis in gynecology patients and to provide evidence-based recommendations to guide clinical decision making.

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