Pregestational and Gestational Diabetes: Resource Overview

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has identified additional resources on topics related to pregestational and gestational diabetes that may be helpful for ob-gyns, other health care providers, and patients.
These resources are for information only and are not meant to be comprehensive. Referral to these resources does not imply the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' endorsement of the organization, the organization's website, or the content of the resource. These resources may change without notice.

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Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers
Resources for Women and Patients
External Resources 

Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers

Practice Bulletin: Pregestational Diabetes Mellitus (members only)

"Pregestational Diabetes Mellitus," issued by ACOG in December 2018, provides an overview of the current understanding of pregestational diabetes mellitus and suggests management guidelines during pregnancy.

Practice Bulletin: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (members only)

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus,” issued by ACOG in February 2018, provides evidence-based guidelines for the screening, diagnosis, treatment, and management of gestational diabetes. Drug therapies, such as insulin, and alternative treatments, such as nutrition therapy, are addressed.

Practice Bulletin: Fetal Macrosomia (members only)

“Fetal Macrosomia,” issued by ACOG in November 2016, provides evidence-based guidelines for the management of fetal macrosomia, a type of excessive fetal growth that is a common complication of maternal diabetes. The document reviews the possible complications of fetal macrosomia and the available methods for diagnosis.

Patient Tear Pad: Gestational Diabetes Follow-Up Instructions

“Gestational Diabetes Follow-Up Instructions” tear pads were created in both English and Spanish to help ob-gyns provide postpartum screening to patients who developed gestational diabetes. Postpartum follow-up helps prevent the development of type 2 diabetes, which occurs over time in 15 to 50% of women with gestational diabetes.

Resources for Women and Patients

Patient FAQ: Gestational Diabetes

“Gestational Diabetes,” issued by ACOG in September 2013, explains the causes of gestational diabetes, how it affects pregnancy, the risks it poses for both mother and baby, and its management and treatment.

Patient FAQ: Obesity and Pregnancy

“Obesity and Pregnancy,” issued by ACOG in April 2016, answers patients’ questions about how obesity can affect pregnancy. It covers the increased risks obesity during pregnancy poses for mother and baby, including fetal macrosomia and gestational diabetes.

External Resources

American Diabetes Association

The American Diabetes Association leads the fight against the deadly consequences of diabetes and fights for those affected by diabetes, including gestational diabetes.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, has an informative section of their website dedicated to gestational diabetes.

Diabetes Care

Diabetes Care, the journal of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), publishes the latest findings in diabetes research, as well as statements and consensus reports for physicians, epidemiologists, and other health care professionals.

Gestational Diabetes: Calculation of Caloric Requirements and Initial Insulin Dose  

This calculator, available on the website, may be used to estimate body mass index, recommended weight gain, and energy requirements for a singleton or twin pregnancy based on the patient’s age, height and weight, trimester, and activity level.

Body Mass Index Calculator

This body mass index (BMI) calculator, available from the National Institutes of Health, may be used to compute and evaluate BMI using height and weight.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), a 501(c)(3) organization, is the nation’s leading group of physicians providing health care for women. As a private, voluntary, nonprofit membership organization of more than 58,000 members, ACOG strongly advocates for quality women’s health care, maintains the highest standards of clinical practice and continuing education of its members, promotes patient education, and increases awareness among its members and the public of the changing issues facing women’s health care.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188
Mailing Address: PO Box 96920, Washington, DC 20024-9998