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Employment Considerations During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period: Resource Overview

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has identified the following resources that may be helpful for ob-gyns, other health care providers and patients on topics related to employment considerations during pregnancy and the postpartum period.

These materials are for information purposes only and are not meant to be comprehensive. Referral to these resources does not imply ACOG's endorsement of the organization, the organization’s website, or the content of the resource. The resources may change without notice.

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Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers
External Resources

Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers

Committee Opinion: Employment Considerations During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period
This Committee Opinion, issued by ACOG in April 2018, provides information on employment during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and covers topics such as work accommodations, medical leave considerations, and note-writing for ob-gyns.

Clinical Updates in Women’s Health Care: Occupational Diseases and Injuries (members only)
This report, published by ACOG in July 2016, explains various workplace hazards and their clinical effects on pregnancy. 

Committee Opinion: Exposure to Toxic Environmental Agents
This Committee Opinion, issued by ACOG in October 2013 (reaffirmed 2018), discusses methods to identify, manage, and reduce exposure to toxic environmental agents, including information on workplace exposures. 

Statement of Policy: Paid Parental Leave

This Statement of Policy, issued by ACOG in July 2016, provides information on paid parental leave and the promotion of supportive work environments for new parents.


External Resources

Pregnant@Work (provider page) 
This interactive note-writing application created for prenatal care providers by the Center for WorkLife Law at the University of California, Hastings, yields legally appropriate accommodations notes specific for laws in each state. 

Reproductive Health and the Workplace
This resource, issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), outlines safety issues that pregnant women should consider in the workplace, including specific chemical and biologic exposures. 

Working While Pregnant and Parenting 
This resource, created by A Better Balance, provides a state-by-state guide to laws related to accommodations, lactation, job protection and paid leave. 

Employment Protection for Workers Who Are Pregnant or Nursing 
This resource, issued by the US Department of Labor, includes a U.S. map showing state-specific information on protections against pregnancy discrimination, provisions for pregnancy accommodation, and workplace breastfeeding rights.

Breastfeeding State Laws 
This resource, issued by the National Conference of State Legislatures, provides an outline of state laws related to breastfeeding in the workplace.

State Paid Family Leave Insurance Laws 
This chart, issued by the National Partnership for Women and Families, outlines paid leave and insurance laws for each state.

Pregnant@Work (patient page) 
This web resource includes information on pregnancy accommodations and a helpline for patients (415-703-8276).

A Better Balance
This resource includes a state-by-state guide to protections and a hotline for patients (212-430-5982). 

Legal Aid at Work 
Legal Aid at Work provides videos, fact sheets in multiple languages and interactive tools for pregnant workers and parents in California. A free helpline is also available in four languages (within California: 800-800-8047; outside California: 415-593-0033). 

Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)  
This guide, issued by the National Partnership for Women and Families, provides resources for families to help them navigate the rules and regulations under the FMLA.

FAQ: Break Time for Nursing Mothers 
This FAQ page, issued by the US Department of Labor, answers questions on patients’ rights related to breastfeeding in the workplace.

Supporting Nursing Moms at Work: Employer Solutions 
This resource, issued by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office on Women’s Health, helps employers learn what they can do to support nursing mothers.

Break Time for Nursing Mothers Fact Sheet  
This fact sheet, issued by the US Department of Labor, explains employers’ responsibilities to provide break time for breastfeeding mothers.

Pregnancy Discrimination Act
This resource, issued by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, explains the provisions of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA). 

EEOC Fact Sheet for Small Business: Pregnancy Discrimination 
This fact sheet, issued by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, includes information for small businesses related to pregnancy discrimination in the workplace.

Americans with Disabilities Act 
This resource, issued by the US Department of Labor, explains the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (PDA).

ADA Amendments Act of 2008 
This resource, issued by the US Department of Labor, provides information about  amendments made to the ADA in 2008 to expand the definition of disability to include short-term disabilities such as those due to pregnancy-related conditions. 

Family and Medical Leave Act 
This resource, issued by the US Department of Labor, explains the provisions of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA).

Break Time for Nursing Mothers 
This resource, issued by the US Department of Labor, explains the section of the Fair Labor Standards Act related to break time for nursing mothers.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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