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TFAQ001, June 2019

What does it mean to be lesbian, gay, or bisexual? Lesbian, gay, and bisexual are terms that describe a person’s sexual orientation. This is a person’s emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction to other people: • “Gay” means you are attracted to people of the same sex. • “Straight” means you are attracted to people of the opposite sex. • “Lesbian” means you are a female who is attracted to other females. •“Bisexual” means you are attracted to people of both sexes. “LGBTQ” is an abbreviation for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer. The “Q” also can stand for questioning.


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June 2019

FAQ054, June 2019

What is genital herpes? Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is caused by a virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV). Infection with HSV can cause painful sores and blisters around the lips, genitals, or anus. Sometimes, infection with HSV causes no sores. It is possible to have HSV and not know it. There is no cure, but the infection can be managed.


Birth Control Learn about choosing the right birth control method for you. Some examples include the birth control pill, intrauterine device (IUD), patch, condom, or implant. Cancer Screening Learn more about breast cancer, colon cancer, or other types of cancer. Vaccinations Get vaccinations against the flu, human papillomavirus (HPV), and more. Health Screening Get screened for high blood pressure, diabetes, bone density for osteoporosis, and more. Depression Screening Depression is a common but serious illness. Depression can be mild, moderate, or severe. To diagnose depression,...


Postpartum care


Birth Control Learn about choosing the right birth control method for you. Some examples include the birth control pill, intrauterine device (IUD), patch, condom, or implant. Cancer Screening Learn more about breast cancer, colon cancer, or other types of cancer. Vaccinations Get vaccinations against the flu, human papillomavirus (HPV), and more. Health Screening Get screened for high blood pressure, diabetes, bone density for osteoporosis, and more. Depression Screening Depression is a common but serious illness. Depression can be mild, moderate, or severe. To diagnose depression,...


FAQ088, February 2019

What is the vulva? The external female genital area is called the vulva. The outer folds of skin are called the labia majora and the inner folds are called the labia minora.


FAQ071, February 2019

What is a sexually transmitted infection? A sexually transmitted infection (STI) is an infection spread by sexual contact. There are many STIs. This FAQ focuses on chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. These STIs can cause long-term health problems and problems during pregnancy. Having an STI also increases the risk of getting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) if you are exposed to it.


alcohol and pregnancy


FAQ198, November 2018

How does breast cancer treatment affect younger women? Women younger than age 45 years can face several health challenges after treatment for breast cancer, including the possibility of early menopause, sexual problems, and fertility problems.


FAQ502, June 2018

What is human immunodeficiency virus? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Once HIV is in your body, it attacks the immune system. As the immune system weakens, it is less able to resist disease and infections. AIDS is diagnosed when a person with HIV develops diseases that the immune system normally would fight off, such as pneumonia, certain types of cancer, and harmful infections.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188
Mailing Address: PO Box 96920, Washington, DC 20024-9998