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Although most babies are born healthy, parents-to-be often worry about the possibility that their baby will be born with a medical condition or physical disability. A birth defect is a physical problem or intellectual disability that is present at birth, although some birth defects may not be noticed until the child is older. About 3 in 100 babies in the United States are born with a major birth defect


2.
April 2017

FAQ094, April 2017

What are genes? A gene is a small piece of hereditary material called DNA that controls some aspect of a person’s physical makeup or a process in the body. Genes come in pairs.


3.
April 2017

FAQ179, April 2017

Pregnancy What is carrier screening? What is a carrier? What are the chances of having a child with a genetic disorder? How is carrier screening done? When can carrier screening be done? Do I have to have carrier screening? What carrier screening tests are available? Who should have carrier screening? What is targeted carrier screening? What is expanded carrier screening? Is one approach better than the other? What choices do I have if my partner and I are carriers of a genetic disorder? How accurate is carrier screening? Are results...


PFSI011 Mosquito Bite Prevention If you must travel to one of the areas where Zika virus is spreading, strictly follow these four steps to prevent mosquito bites:  Use EPA-registered bug spray with DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, paramenthane-diol, or 2-undecanone. Used as directed, these sprays are safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women.  Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.  Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated items.  Stay in air-conditioned or screened-in areas during the day and at night. Follow these steps at all ...


PFSI010 ››› Weeks 1–4 Weeks 5–8 Weeks 9–12 Weeks 13–16 Weeks 17–20 Weeks 21–24 • Timing: 10–13 weeks • Blood test plus NT ultrasound exam • Screens for Down • syndrome and trisomy 18 First-trimester screening Second-trimester screening (“quad screen”) • Timing: 15–22 weeks • Blood test • Screens for Down syndrome, trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and NTDs Standard ultrasound exam • Timing: 18–22 weeks • Screens for some physical defects Integrated screening and sequential screening • Timing: 10–22 weeks • Combines first-trimester and second-trimester screening test results in vari...


FAQ165, September 2016

What is prenatal genetic testing? Prenatal genetic testing gives parents-to-be information about whether their fetus has certain genetic disorders.


FAQ164, September 2016

What is prenatal genetic testing? Prenatal genetic testing gives parents-to-be information about whether their fetus has certain genetic disorders.


PFS012, June 2016

What are opioids? Opioids are a type of medicine that relieves pain. Prescribed opioids include oxycodone, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, codeine, methadone, propoxyphene, and buprenorphine. These medications sometimes are called narcotics. Doctors may prescribe opioids for people who have had surgery, dental work, or an injury. Heroin is an illegal opioid drug.


9.
May 2016

FAQ100, May 2016

What is recurrent pregnancy loss? Recurrent pregnancy loss is defined as having two or more miscarriages. After three repeated miscarriages, a thorough physical exam and testing are recommended.


FAQ171, February 2016

What is cystic fibrosis (CF)? Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder. It is caused by an abnormal gene that is passed from parent to child. It is a lifelong illness that affects all of the organs of the body and often causes problems with digestion and breathing. It does not affect a person’s looks or mental ability. In some cases, CF poses a serious risk to a person’s health and shortens the life span. Despite their physical problems, many people with CF attend school, have careers, and lead full lives.


American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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