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FAQ162, May 2011

What are menopause and perimenopause? Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 1 year. The average age of menopause is 51 years, but the normal range is 45 years to 55 years. The years leading up to this point are called perimenopause. This term means "around menopause." This phase can last for up to 10 years. During perimenopause, shifts in hormone levels can affect ovulation and cause changes in the menstrual cycle.


FAQ164, September 2015

What are prenatal diagnostic tests? Prenatal diagnostic tests are tests that can detect certain disorders before a baby is born.


3.
April 2017

FAQ179, April 2017

Pregnancy What is carrier screening? What is a carrier? What are the chances of having a child with a genetic disorder? How is carrier screening done? When can carrier screening be done? Do I have to have carrier screening? What carrier screening tests are available? Who should have carrier screening? What is targeted carrier screening? What is expanded carrier screening? Is one approach better than the other? What choices do I have if my partner and I are carriers of a genetic disorder? How accurate is carrier screening? Are results...


4.
December 2016

FAQ175, December 2016

What is sonohysterography? Sonohysterography is a special kind of ultrasound exam. Fluid is put into the uterus through the cervix using a thin plastic tube. Sound waves are then used to create images of the lining of the uterus. The fluid helps show more detail than when ultrasound is used alone. This test can be done in your obstetrician–gynecologist’s (ob-gyn) office, a hospital, or a clinic. It usually takes less than 30 minutes.


5.
June 2017

FAQ025, June 2017

What is ultrasound? Ultrasound is energy in the form of sound waves. During an ultrasound exam, a transducer sends sound waves through the body. The sound waves come into contact with tissues, body fluids, and bones. The waves then bounce back, like echoes. The transducer receives these echoes, which are turned into images. The images can be viewed as pictures on a video screen.


6.
October 2017

FAQ136, October 2017

What is an infertility evaluation? An infertility evaluation includes exams and tests to try to find the reason why you and your partner have not become pregnant. If a cause is found, treatment may be possible. In many cases, infertility can be successfully treated even if no cause is found.


FAQ502, June 2018

What is human immunodeficiency virus? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Once HIV is in your body, it attacks the immune system. As the immune system weakens, it is less able to resist disease and infections. AIDS is diagnosed when a person with HIV develops diseases that the immune system normally would fight off, such as pneumonia, certain types of cancer, and harmful infections.


PFSI009 Your ob-gyn or other health care professional takes a sample of cervical cells and sends them to a lab for testing: • For a Pap test, the sample is tested to see if abnormal cells are present. • For an HPV test, the sample is tested for infection with HPV types linked to cancer. If you are younger than 21 years  You do not need screening.  If you are aged 21–29 years  Have a Pap test every 3 years.  If you are aged 30 –65 years Have a Pap test + an HPV test (co-testing) every 5 years (preferred) or a Pap test alone every 3 years.   If you are 65 years or older ...


9.
September 2017

FAQ133, September 2017

Why are tests done during pregnancy? A number of lab tests are suggested for all women as part of routine prenatal care. These tests can help find conditions that can increase the risk of complications for you and your fetus.


Although most babies are born healthy, parents-to-be often worry about the possibility that their baby will be born with a medical condition or physical disability. A birth defect is a physical problem or intellectual disability that is present at birth, although some birth defects may not be noticed until the child is older. About 3 in 100 babies in the United States are born with a major birth defect


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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