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FAQ184, January 2018

What are long-acting reversible contraception methods? The intrauterine device (IUD) and the birth control implant are long-acting reversible contraception methods. Both are highly effective in preventing pregnancy. They last for several years and are easy to use. Both methods are reversible—if you want to get pregnant or if you want to stop using them, you can have them removed at any time.


FAQ195, January 2018

What is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).


13.
October 2017

FAQ137, October 2017

What is infertility? Infertility is defined as not having become pregnant after 1 year of having regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth control (see FAQ136 Evaluating Infertility). If you are older than 35 years, an evaluation and possible treatment are recommended after 6 months. If you are older than 40 years, an evaluation and possible treatment are recommended before you reach the 6-month mark.


14.
September 2017

FAQ154, September 2017

What is labor induction? Labor induction is the use of medications or other methods to bring on (induce) labor.


FAQ170, August 2017

Why is smoking dangerous during pregnancy? When a woman smokes cigarettes during pregnancy, her fetus is exposed to many harmful chemicals. Nicotine is only one of 4,000 toxic chemicals that can pass from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Nicotine causes blood vessels to narrow, so less oxygen and fewer nutrients reach the fetus. Nicotine also damages a fetus’s brain and lungs. This damage is permanent.


FAQ121, June 2017

What are common signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Common PCOS signs and symptoms include the following: Irregular menstrual periods—Menstrual disorders can include absent periods, periods that occur infrequently or too frequently, heavy periods, or unpredictable periods. Infertility —PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility. Obesity—Up to 80% of women with PCOS are obese. Excess hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or upper thighs—This condition, called hirsutism, affects more than 70% of women with PCOS. Severe acne or acne that occurs a...


FAQ069, June 2017

Pregnancy What is the due date? How is the due date determined? What is postterm pregnancy? What causes a postterm pregnancy? What are the risks associated with postterm pregnancy? When should I have testing in a postterm pregnancy? What is electronic fetal monitoring? What is a nonstress test? What is a biophysical profile? What is a contraction stress test? What is labor induction? How is labor induced?  What are the risks of labor induction? Glossary What is the due date? The date your baby is due—your estimated due date...


TFAQ003, June 2017

Especially For Teens What are some of the benefits of playing sports? What health problems should I be aware of if I play sports? What is disordered eating? What is the female athlete triad? What causes the female athlete triad? What are the symptoms of the female athlete triad? What changes in my period should I be concerned about? What is low bone mass? Can these health problems cause permanent damage? Who can I talk to if I am concerned that playing sports is harming my health? How can sports-related health problems be treated? What can I d...


FAQ086, May 2017

What types of medications for pain relief are used during labor and delivery? In general, there are two types of drugs for pain relief: 1) analgesics and 2) anesthetics. Analgesics lessen pain without loss of feeling or muscle movement. Anesthetics relieve pain by blocking most feeling, including pain. Pain relief medications can be either systemic, regional, or local. Systemic medications affect the entire body. Local medications affect only a small area of the body. Regional medications affect a region of the body, like the region below the waist.


20.
April 2017

FAQ075, April 2017

What is an ovarian cyst? An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms in or on an ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common. They can occur during the childbearing years or after menopause. Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancer) and go away on their own without treatment. Rarely, a cyst may be malignant (cancer) (see FAQ096 Ovarian Cancer).


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