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January 2016

FAQ115, January 2016

What causes back pain during pregnancy? The following changes during pregnancy can lead to back pain: Strain on your back muscles Abdominal muscle weakness Pregnancy hormones

August 2011

FAQ143, August 2011

What is hysterosalpingography (HSG)? Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an X-ray procedure that is used to view the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It often is used to see if the fallopian tubes are partly or fully blocked. It also can show if the inside of the uterus is of a normal size and shape. All of these problems can lead to infertility and pregnancy problems. HSG also is used a few months after some tubal sterilization procedures to make sure that the fallopian tubes have been completely blocked. HSG is not done if a woman has any of the following conditions: Pregnancy, Pelvi...

October 2017

FAQ136, October 2017

What is an infertility evaluation? An infertility evaluation includes exams and tests to try to find the reason why you and your partner have not become pregnant. If a cause is found, treatment may be possible. In many cases, infertility can be successfully treated even if no cause is found.

FAQ170, August 2017

Why is smoking dangerous during pregnancy? When a woman smokes cigarettes during pregnancy, her fetus is exposed to many harmful chemicals. Nicotine is only one of 4,000 toxic chemicals that can pass from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Nicotine causes blood vessels to narrow, so less oxygen and fewer nutrients reach the fetus. Nicotine also damages a fetus’s brain and lungs. This damage is permanent.

Birth Control Learn about choosing the right birth control method for you. Some examples include the birth control pill, intrauterine device (IUD), patch, condom, or implant. Cancer Screening Learn more about breast cancer, colon cancer, or other types of cancer. Vaccinations Get vaccinations against the flu, human papillomavirus (HPV), and more. Health Screening Get screened for high blood pressure, diabetes, bone density for osteoporosis, and more. Depression Screening Depression is a common but serious illness. Depression can be mild, moderate, or severe. To diagnose depression,...

FAQ042, August 2015

What happens during puberty? When puberty starts, your brain sends signals to certain parts of the body to start growing and changing. These signals are called hormones. Hormones make your body change and start looking more like an adult’s (see FAQ041 “Your Changing Body—Especially for Teens”). Hormones also can cause emotional changes.

FAQ032, May 2016

Why is it important to be supportive during your partner’s pregnancy? Women who have an involved and supportive partner during pregnancy are more likely to give up harmful behaviors, such as smoking, and lead healthier lives. Babies may be born healthier as well, with lower rates of preterm birth and growth problems. Women who are well supported during pregnancy may be less anxious and have less stress in the weeks after childbirth. You can be supportive by educating yourself about pregnancy, going with your partner to prenatal care appointments, and joining her in making healthy lifestyle c...

FAQ052, May 2016

What is sterilization? Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization for women is called tubal sterilization. In tubal sterilization, the fallopian tubes are closed off or removed. Tubal sterilization prevents the egg from moving down the fallopian tube to the uterus and keeps the sperm from reaching the egg (see the FAQ011 “Sterilization for Women and Men”).

FAQ166, July 2017

What is stress urinary incontinence (SUI)? SUI is a type of urinary incontinence. With SUI, a woman leaks urine when she coughs, laughs, or sneezes or during certain activities, such as walking, running, or exercising.

April 2017

FAQ075, April 2017

What is an ovarian cyst? An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms in or on an ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common. They can occur during the childbearing years or after menopause. Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancer) and go away on their own without treatment. Rarely, a cyst may be malignant (cancer) (see FAQ096 Ovarian Cancer).

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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