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FAQ191, June 2017

What is human papillomavirus (HPV)? Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus. Like all viruses, HPV causes infection by entering cells. Once inside a cell, HPV takes control of the cell’s internal machinery and uses it to make copies of itself. These copies then infect other nearby cells.


FAQ121, June 2017

What are common signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Common PCOS signs and symptoms include the following: Irregular menstrual periods—Menstrual disorders can include absent periods, periods that occur infrequently or too frequently, heavy periods, or unpredictable periods. Infertility —PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility. Obesity—Up to 80% of women with PCOS are obese. Excess hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or upper thighs—This condition, called hirsutism, affects more than 70% of women with PCOS. Severe acne or acne that occurs a...


33.
June 2017

FAQ155, June 2017

What is an ectopic pregnancy? An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg grows outside of the uterus. Almost all ectopic pregnancies occur in a fallopian tube. As the pregnancy grows, it can cause the tube to rupture (burst). If this occurs, it can cause major internal bleeding. This can be life threatening and needs to be treated with surgery.


FAQ069, June 2017

Pregnancy What is the due date? How is the due date determined? What is postterm pregnancy? What causes a postterm pregnancy? What are the risks associated with postterm pregnancy? When should I have testing in a postterm pregnancy? What is electronic fetal monitoring? What is a nonstress test? What is a biophysical profile? What is a contraction stress test? What is labor induction? How is labor induced?  What are the risks of labor induction? Glossary What is the due date? The date your baby is due—your estimated due date...


FAQ039, June 2017

What is male circumcision? Male circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin, which is the layer of skin that covers the head of the penis.


TFAQ003, June 2017

Especially For Teens What are some of the benefits of playing sports? What health problems should I be aware of if I play sports? What is disordered eating? What is the female athlete triad? What causes the female athlete triad? What are the symptoms of the female athlete triad? What changes in my period should I be concerned about? What is low bone mass? Can these health problems cause permanent damage? Who can I talk to if I am concerned that playing sports is harming my health? How can sports-related health problems be treated? What can I d...


37.
May 2017


FAQ086, May 2017

What types of medications for pain relief are used during labor and delivery? In general, there are two types of drugs for pain relief: 1) analgesics and 2) anesthetics. Analgesics lessen pain without loss of feeling or muscle movement. Anesthetics relieve pain by blocking most feeling, including pain. Pain relief medications can be either systemic, regional, or local. Systemic medications affect the entire body. Local medications affect only a small area of the body. Regional medications affect a region of the body, like the region below the waist.


FAQ112, May 2017

This product is undergoing revision and will be available in early 2018.


FAQ150, May 2017

When should I have my first gynecologic visit? An obstetrician–gynecologist (ob–gyn) is a doctor who specializes in the health care of women. Girls should have their first gynecologic visit between the ages of 13 years and 15 years.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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