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FAQ018, March 2019

Why is it important to wear a seat belt when I travel during pregnancy? Although your fetus is protected inside your body, you should wear a lap and shoulder belt every time you travel while you are pregnant for the best protection—even in the final weeks of pregnancy. You and your fetus are much more likely to survive a car crash if you are buckled in.


Birth Control Learn about choosing the right birth control method for you. Some examples include the birth control pill, intrauterine device (IUD), patch, condom, or implant. Cancer Screening Learn more about breast cancer, colon cancer, or other types of cancer. Vaccinations Get vaccinations against the flu, human papillomavirus (HPV), and more. Health Screening Get screened for high blood pressure, diabetes, bone density for osteoporosis, and more. Depression Screening Depression is a common but serious illness. Depression can be mild, moderate, or severe. To diagnose depression,...


33.
February 2019

FAQ061, February 2019

What is laparoscopy? Laparoscopy is a way of doing surgery using small incisions (cuts). It is different from “open” surgery where the incision on the skin can be several inches long. Laparoscopic surgery sometimes is called “minimally invasive surgery.”


FAQ088, February 2019

What is the vulva? The external female genital area is called the vulva. The outer folds of skin are called the labia majora and the inner folds are called the labia minora.


FAQ049, February 2019

What is puberty? Puberty is a time when your body begins to change to become more like an adult’s. Starting your menstrual period is one of these changes.


FAQ170, February 2019

Why is smoking dangerous during pregnancy? When a woman smokes cigarettes during pregnancy, her fetus is exposed to many harmful chemicals. Nicotine is only one of 4,000 toxic chemicals that can pass from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Nicotine causes blood vessels to narrow, so less oxygen and fewer nutrients reach the fetus. Nicotine also damages a fetus’s brain and lungs. This damage is permanent.


FAQ071, February 2019

What is a sexually transmitted infection? A sexually transmitted infection (STI) is an infection spread by sexual contact. There are many STIs. This FAQ focuses on chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. These STIs can cause long-term health problems and problems during pregnancy. Having an STI also increases the risk of getting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) if you are exposed to it.


38.
February 2019

FAQ050, February 2019

How do urinary tract infections develop? Most urinary tract infections (UTIs) start in the lower urinary tract, which is made up of the urethra and bladder. Bacteria can enter through the urethra and spread upward to the bladder. This causes cystitis, a bladder infection.


39.
February 2019

FAQ097, February 2019

What is endometrial cancer? Endometrial cancer is cancer of the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. It is the most common type of cancer that affects the female reproductive organs. The most common type of endometrial cancer (type 1) grows slowly. It most often is found only inside the uterus. Type 2 is less common. It grows more rapidly and tends to spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumors can invade and destroy nearby healthy tissues and organs. Cancer cells also can spread (or metastasize) to other parts of the body and form new tumors.


40.
January 2019

FAQ087, January 2019

What is preterm labor? Preterm labor is defined as regular contractions of the uterus resulting in changes in the cervix that start before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Changes in the cervix include effacement (the cervix thins out) and dilation (the cervix opens so that the fetus can enter the birth canal). In some cases preterm labor can lead to a baby being born too soon.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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