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141.
November 2014

FAQ139, November 2014

What is accidental bowel leakage? Accidental bowel leakage is loss of normal control of your bowels. It also is called fecal incontinence. This condition leads to leakage of solid or liquid stool (feces) or gas.


FAQ169, June 2014

What are some of the common skin changes that occur during pregnancy? Many women notice changes to their skin, nails, and hair during pregnancy. Some of the most common changes include the following: Dark spots on the breasts, nipples, or inner thighs Melasma—brown patches on the face around the cheeks, nose, and forehead Linea nigra—a dark line that runs from the navel to the pubic hair Stretch marks Acne Spider veins Varicose veins Changes in nail and hair growth


143.
June 2014

FAQ065, June 2014

What are the dangers of smoking? Smoking is a leading cause of death in women. Lung cancer causes more deaths in women than any other type of cancer, including breast cancer and ovarian cancer. Another smoking-related disease, heart disease, is currently the number one killer of women in the United States. Death occurs earlier in women who smoke. On average, female smokers die 12 years earlier than female nonsmokers.


FAQ165, April 2014

What is a birth defect? A birth defect is a problem that is present at birth, although it may not be noticed until the child is older. Birth defects may affect any part of the body, including major organs such as the heart, lungs, or brain. The defect may affect the baby’s appearance, a body function, or both.


FAQ120, January 2014

What are some common digestive problems? Common digestive problems include the following: • Constipation • Diarrhea • Acid reflux • Hemorrhoids Most common digestive problems are short term and easy to control with lifestyle changes and sometimes medication. In some cases, these problems can be a sign of more serious medical problems.


146.
December 2013

FAQ091, December 2013

What are the postpartum blues? About 2–3 days after childbirth, some women begin to feel depressed, anxious, and upset. They may feel angry with the new baby, their partners, or their other children.


147.
November 2013

FAQ130, November 2013

Why is it important to eat a healthy diet? Your body needs a balanced supply of nutrients to grow, replace worn-out tissue, and provide energy. Not getting enough of these important nutrients can affect your health. However, eating too much food and excess calories can lead to health problems.


FAQ093, November 2013

What are hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections? Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are serious infections that affect the liver. Both diseases are contagious and caused by viruses. Both can lead to serious, long-term illness.


FAQ098, November 2013

Why may special tests be needed during pregnancy? Special testing during pregnancy most often is done when the fetus is at increased risk of problems that could result in pregnancy complications or lead to stillbirth. This can occur in the following situations: High-risk pregnancy (a woman has had complications in a previous pregnancy or has a preexisting health condition such as diabetes or heart disease) Problems during pregnancy, such as fetal growth problems, Rh sensitization, or high blood pressure Decreased movement of the fetus Pregnancy that goes past 42 weeks (postterm pregnancy...


PFS004, September 2013

Cervical cancer screening can find changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer. Screening includes the Pap test and, for some women, testing for human papillomavirus (HPV). A Pap test used to be recommended for most women every year. However, this recommendation has changed recently. Most women do not need to have cervical cancer screening each year.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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