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FAQ186, March 2018

What is progestin? Progestin is a form of progesterone, a hormone that plays a role in the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Progestin is used in combination with another hormone called estrogen in combined hormonal birth control pills, the vaginal ring, and the skin patch. It also can be used by itself in progestin-only pills and the birth control injection. The birth control implant and the hormonal intrauterine device also are progestin-only forms of birth control and are discussed in FAQ184 Long-Acting Reversible Contraception.


FAQ035, August 2019

What is sterilization? Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. It is the most popular form of birth control worldwide.


13.
March 2019

FAQ029, March 2019

How long should I breastfeed my baby? Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of a baby’s life. Breastfeeding should continue up to the baby’s first birthday as new foods are introduced. You can keep breastfeeding after the baby’s first birthday for as long as you and your baby would like.


14.
December 2018

FAQ074, December 2018

What are uterine fibroids? Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths that develop from the muscle tissue of the uterus. They also are called leiomyomas or myomas. The size, shape, and location of fibroids can vary greatly. They may be present inside the uterus, on its outer surface or within its wall, or attached to it by a stem-like structure. A woman may have only one fibroid or many of varying sizes. A fibroid may remain very small for a long time and suddenly grow rapidly, or grow slowly over a number of years.


15.
June 2016

FAQ193, June 2016

How common is heavy menstrual bleeding? Heavy menstrual bleeding is very common. About one third of women seek treatment for it. Heavy menstrual bleeding is not normal. It can disrupt your life and may be a sign of a more serious health problem. If you are worried that your menstrual bleeding is too heavy, tell your obstetrician–gynecologist (ob-gyn).


FAQ052, May 2016

What is sterilization? Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization for women is called tubal sterilization. In tubal sterilization, the fallopian tubes are closed off or removed. Tubal sterilization prevents the egg from moving down the fallopian tube to the uterus and keeps the sperm from reaching the egg (see the FAQ011 “Sterilization for Women and Men”).


FAQ077, August 2019

What is pelvic inflammatory disease? Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It is a common illness. PID is diagnosed in more than 1 million women each year in the United States.


FAQ508, December 2018

What is cancer? Normal cells in the body grow, divide, and are replaced on a routine basis. Sometimes, cells divide abnormally and begin to grow out of control. These cells may form growths or tumors. Tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Benign tumors do not spread to other body tissues. Cancer tumors can invade and destroy nearby healthy tissues and organs. Cancer cells also can spread to other parts of the body and form new cancerous areas.


FAQ112, May 2019

What things should I think about when choosing a birth control method? To choose the right birth control method for you, consider the following: How well it prevents pregnancy How easy it is to use Whether you need a prescription to get it Whether it protects against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Whether you have any health problems


TFAQ001, June 2019

What does it mean to be lesbian, gay, or bisexual? Lesbian, gay, and bisexual are terms that describe a person’s sexual orientation. This is a person’s emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction to other people: • “Gay” means you are attracted to people of the same sex. • “Straight” means you are attracted to people of the opposite sex. • “Lesbian” means you are a female who is attracted to other females. •“Bisexual” means you are attracted to people of both sexes. “LGBTQ” is an abbreviation for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer. The “Q” also can stand for questioning.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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