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11.
April 2017

FAQ075, April 2017

What is an ovarian cyst? An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms in or on an ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common. They can occur during the childbearing years or after menopause. Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancer) and go away on their own without treatment. Rarely, a cyst may be malignant (cancer) (see FAQ096 Ovarian Cancer).


FAQ166, January 2019

What is stress urinary incontinence (SUI)? Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the leakage of urine with physical activity, such as exercise, or when coughing, laughing, or sneezing. It is a common problem in women.


13.
December 2018

FAQ163, December 2018

What is cancer of the cervix? A woman’s cervix (the opening of the uterus at the top of the vagina) is covered by a thin layer of tissue made up of cells. Healthy cells grow, divide, and are replaced as needed. Cancer of the cervix occurs when these cells change. Cancer cells divide more rapidly. They may grow into deeper cell layers or spread to other organs. The cancer cells eventually form a mass of tissue called a tumor.


FAQ011, March 2019

What is sterilization? Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization procedures for women are called tubal ligation. The procedure for men is called vasectomy.


15.
January 2019

FAQ079, January 2019

What does it mean when a fetus is breech? In the last weeks of pregnancy, a fetus usually moves so his or her head is positioned to come out of the vagina first during birth. This is called a vertex presentation. A breech presentation occurs when the fetus’s buttocks, feet, or both are in place to come out first during birth. This happens in 3–4% of full-term births.


FAQ183, October 2018

What are the pelvic organs? The pelvic organs include the vagina, uterus, bladder, urethra, and rectum. These organs are held in place by muscles of the pelvic floor. Layers of connective tissue also give support.


FAQ039, June 2017

What is male circumcision? Male circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin, which is the layer of skin that covers the head of the penis.


FAQ070, December 2017

What is a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC)? If you have had a previous cesarean delivery, you have two choices about how to give birth again: 1. You can have a scheduled cesarean delivery. 2. You can give birth vaginally. This is called a VBAC. What is a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC)? If you have had a previous cesarean delivery, you have two choices about how to give birth again: You can have a scheduled cesarean delivery; You can give birth vaginally. This is called a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC).


19.
April 2019

FAQ096, April 2019

What is cancer? Normal cells in the body grow, divide, and are replaced on a routine basis. Sometimes, cells divide abnormally and begin to grow out of control. These cells may form growths or tumors.


20.
October 2018

FAQ084, October 2018

What is hysteroscopy? Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose or treat problems of the uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, lighted telescope-like device. It is inserted through your vagina into your uterus. The hysteroscope transmits the image of your uterus onto a screen. Other instruments are used along with the hysteroscope for treatment.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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