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1.
October 2011

FAQ084, October 2011

What is hysteroscopy? Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose or treat problems of the uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, lighted telescope-like device. It is inserted through your vagina into your uterus. The hysteroscope transmits the image of your uterus onto a screen. Other instruments are used along with the hysteroscope for treatment.


FAQ110, July 2017

What is a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) and why is it done? If you have an abnormal cervical cancer screening result, your health care professional may suggest that you have a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) as part of the evaluation or for treatment (see FAQ085 Cervical Cancer Screening). LEEP is one way to remove abnormal cells from the cervix by using a thin wire loop that acts like a scalpel (surgical knife). An electric current is passed through the loop, which cuts away a thin layer of the cervix.


3.
April 2017

FAQ075, April 2017

What is an ovarian cyst? An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms in or on an ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common. They can occur during the childbearing years or after menopause. Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancer) and go away on their own without treatment. Rarely, a cyst may be malignant (cancer) (see FAQ096 Ovarian Cancer).


4.
December 2015

FAQ163, December 2015

What is cancer of the cervix? A woman’s cervix (the opening of the uterus at the top of the vagina) is covered by a thin layer of tissue made up of cells. Healthy cells grow, divide, and are replaced as needed. Cancer of the cervix occurs when these cells change. Cancer cells divide more rapidly. They may grow into deeper cell layers or spread to other organs. The cancer cells eventually form a mass of tissue called a tumor.


FAQ166, July 2017

What is stress urinary incontinence (SUI)? SUI is a type of urinary incontinence. With SUI, a woman leaks urine when she coughs, laughs, or sneezes or during certain activities, such as walking, running, or exercising.


FAQ011, September 2015

Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization procedures for women are called tubal occlusion. The procedure for men is called vasectomy.


FAQ070, December 2017

What is a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC)? If you have had a previous cesarean delivery, you have two choices about how to give birth again: 1. You can have a scheduled cesarean delivery. 2. You can give birth vaginally. This is called a VBAC. What is a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC)? If you have had a previous cesarean delivery, you have two choices about how to give birth again: You can have a scheduled cesarean delivery; You can give birth vaginally. This is called a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC).


FAQ069, June 2017

Pregnancy What is the due date? How is the due date determined? What is postterm pregnancy? What causes a postterm pregnancy? What are the risks associated with postterm pregnancy? When should I have testing in a postterm pregnancy? What is electronic fetal monitoring? What is a nonstress test? What is a biophysical profile? What is a contraction stress test? What is labor induction? How is labor induced?  What are the risks of labor induction? Glossary What is the due date? The date your baby is due—your estimated due date...


FAQ183, December 2013

What is pelvic organ prolapse? Pelvic organ prolapse is a disorder in which one or more of the pelvic organs drop from their normal position (see FAQ012 Pelvic Support Problems). What organs can be affected by pelvic organ prolapse? The organs that can be affected include the following: • Uterus • Top of the vagina in women who have had a hysterectomy (the vaginal vault) • Front (anterior) wall of the vagina (usually with the bladder, which is called a cystocele) • Back (posterior) wall of the vagina (usually with the rectum, which is called a rectocele) • The pouch between the rectum...


10.
September 2017

FAQ079, September 2017

What does it mean when a fetus is breech? In the last weeks of pregnancy, fetuses usually move so that their heads are positioned to come out of the vagina first during birth. This is called a vertex presentation. A breech presentation occurs when the fetus’s buttocks, feet, or both are in place to come out first during birth. This happens in 3–4% of full-term births.


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