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FAQ162, May 2011

What are menopause and perimenopause? Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 1 year. The average age of menopause is 51 years, but the normal range is 45 years to 55 years. The years leading up to this point are called perimenopause. This term means "around menopause." This phase can last for up to 10 years. During perimenopause, shifts in hormone levels can affect ovulation and cause changes in the menstrual cycle.


FAQ164, September 2015

What are prenatal diagnostic tests? Prenatal diagnostic tests are tests that can detect certain disorders before a baby is born.


3.
April 2017

FAQ179, April 2017

Pregnancy What is carrier screening? What is a carrier? What are the chances of having a child with a genetic disorder? How is carrier screening done? When can carrier screening be done? Do I have to have carrier screening? What carrier screening tests are available? Who should have carrier screening? What is targeted carrier screening? What is expanded carrier screening? Is one approach better than the other? What choices do I have if my partner and I are carriers of a genetic disorder? How accurate is carrier screening? Are results...


FAQ165, April 2014

What is a birth defect? A birth defect is a problem that is present at birth, although it may not be noticed until the child is older. Birth defects may affect any part of the body, including major organs such as the heart, lungs, or brain. The defect may affect the baby’s appearance, a body function, or both.


5.
December 2016

FAQ175, December 2016

What is sonohysterography? Sonohysterography is a special kind of ultrasound exam. Fluid is put into the uterus through the cervix using a thin plastic tube. Sound waves are then used to create images of the lining of the uterus. The fluid helps show more detail than when ultrasound is used alone. This test can be done in your obstetrician–gynecologist’s (ob-gyn) office, a hospital, or a clinic. It usually takes less than 30 minutes.


6.
October 2017

FAQ136, October 2017

What is an infertility evaluation? An infertility evaluation includes exams and tests to try to find the reason why you and your partner have not become pregnant. If a cause is found, treatment may be possible. In many cases, infertility can be successfully treated even if no cause is found.


FAQ502, June 2018

What is human immunodeficiency virus? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Once HIV is in your body, it attacks the immune system. As the immune system weakens, it is less able to resist disease and infections. AIDS is diagnosed when a person with HIV develops diseases that the immune system normally would fight off, such as pneumonia, certain types of cancer, and harmful infections.


PFS004, September 2013

Cervical cancer screening can find changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer. Screening includes the Pap test and, for some women, testing for human papillomavirus (HPV). A Pap test used to be recommended for most women every year. However, this recommendation has changed recently. Most women do not need to have cervical cancer screening each year.


9.
September 2017

FAQ133, September 2017

Why are tests done during pregnancy? A number of lab tests are suggested for all women as part of routine prenatal care. These tests can help find conditions that can increase the risk of complications for you and your fetus.


FAQ164, September 2016

What is prenatal genetic testing? Prenatal genetic testing gives parents-to-be information about whether their fetus has certain genetic disorders.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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