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PFSI008 How the Test Is Done CELL-FREE DNA PRENATAL SCREENING TEST What is it? The cell-free DNA prenatal screening test (also called “cfDNA test”) screens for certain conditions caused by an abnormal number of chromosomes. It does not test for all types of chromosomal disorders. Screening tests are used to estimate whether your baby is at higher risk or lower risk of having a certain condition. Diagnostic tests can give a definite answer about whether the baby has a certain condition. These tests include amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS). = maternal ...


PFSI011 Mosquito Bite Prevention If you must travel to one of the areas where Zika virus is spreading, strictly follow these four steps to prevent mosquito bites:  Use EPA-registered bug spray with DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, paramenthane-diol, or 2-undecanone. Used as directed, these sprays are safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women.  Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.  Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated items.  Stay in air-conditioned or screened-in areas during the day and at night. Follow these steps at all ...


PFSI010 ››› Weeks 1–4 Weeks 5–8 Weeks 9–12 Weeks 13–16 Weeks 17–20 Weeks 21–24 • Timing: 10–13 weeks • Blood test plus NT ultrasound exam • Screens for Down • syndrome and trisomy 18 First-trimester screening Second-trimester screening (“quad screen”) • Timing: 15–22 weeks • Blood test • Screens for Down syndrome, trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and NTDs Standard ultrasound exam • Timing: 18–22 weeks • Screens for some physical defects Integrated screening and sequential screening • Timing: 10–22 weeks • Combines first-trimester and second-trimester screening test results in vari...


PFSI009 Your ob-gyn or other health care professional takes a sample of cervical cells and sends them to a lab for testing: • For a Pap test, the sample is tested to see if abnormal cells are present. • For an HPV test, the sample is tested for infection with HPV types linked to cancer. If you are younger than 21 years  You do not need screening.  If you are aged 21–29 years  Have a Pap test every 3 years.  If you are aged 30 –65 years Have a Pap test + an HPV test (co-testing) every 5 years (preferred) or a Pap test alone every 3 years.   If you are 65 years or older ...


Although most babies are born healthy, parents-to-be often worry about the possibility that their baby will be born with a medical condition or physical disability. A birth defect is a physical problem or intellectual disability that is present at birth, although some birth defects may not be noticed until the child is older. About 3 in 100 babies in the United States are born with a major birth defect


FAQ162, May 2011

What are menopause and perimenopause? Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 1 year. The average age of menopause is 51 years, but the normal range is 45 years to 55 years. The years leading up to this point are called perimenopause. This term means "around menopause." This phase can last for up to 10 years. During perimenopause, shifts in hormone levels can affect ovulation and cause changes in the menstrual cycle.


FAQ164, September 2015

What are prenatal diagnostic tests? Prenatal diagnostic tests are tests that can detect certain disorders before a baby is born.


FAQ165, April 2014

What is a birth defect? A birth defect is a problem that is present at birth, although it may not be noticed until the child is older. Birth defects may affect any part of the body, including major organs such as the heart, lungs, or brain. The defect may affect the baby’s appearance, a body function, or both.


9.
October 2017

FAQ136, October 2017

What is an infertility evaluation? An infertility evaluation includes exams and tests to try to find the reason why you and your partner have not become pregnant. If a cause is found, treatment may be possible. In many cases, infertility can be successfully treated even if no cause is found.


PFS004, September 2013

Cervical cancer screening can find changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer. Screening includes the Pap test and, for some women, testing for human papillomavirus (HPV). A Pap test used to be recommended for most women every year. However, this recommendation has changed recently. Most women do not need to have cervical cancer screening each year.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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