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FAQ121, June 2017

What are common signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Common PCOS signs and symptoms include the following: Irregular menstrual periods—Menstrual disorders can include absent periods, periods that occur infrequently or too frequently, heavy periods, or unpredictable periods. Infertility —PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility. Obesity—Up to 80% of women with PCOS are obese. Excess hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or upper thighs—This condition, called hirsutism, affects more than 70% of women with PCOS. Severe acne or acne that occurs a...


32.
November 2014

FAQ139, November 2014

What is accidental bowel leakage? Accidental bowel leakage is loss of normal control of your bowels. It also is called fecal incontinence. This condition leads to leakage of solid or liquid stool (feces) or gas.


FAQ050, May 2015

How do urinary tract infections (UTIs) develop? Most urinary tract infections start in the lower urinary tract, which is made up of the urethra and bladder. Bacteria from the bowel live on the skin near the anus or in the vagina. These bacteria can spread and enter the urinary tract through the urethra. If they move up the urethra, they may cause a bladder infection (called cystitis). Bacteria that have infected the bladder may travel to the upper urinary tract, the ureters and the kidneys. An infection of the kidneys is called pyelonephritis. An upper urinary tract infection may cause a mor...


34.
September 2015

FAQ011, September 2015

Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization procedures for women are called tubal occlusion. The procedure for men is called vasectomy.


35.
February 2016

FAQ192, February 2016

What is assisted vaginal delivery? Assisted vaginal delivery is vaginal delivery of a baby performed with the help of forceps or a vacuum device. It sometimes is called operative vaginal delivery.


Pregnancy Periods Sexuality and Relationships 10. Have safe and healthy relationships with a boyfriend or girlfriend. 11. Know when a relationship is threatening or harmful. 12. Talk about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics. 13. Think things through before you have sex for the first time. 14. Learn about safe sex. 15. Get birth control so you can choose to become pregnant when the time is right for you. 16. Plan ahead for a safe and healthy pregnancy. 17. Get tested for pregnancy. 18. Know what your options are if you become pregnant. 19. Protect yourself fr...


FAQ195, January 2018

What is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).


TFAQ003, June 2017

Especially For Teens What are some of the benefits of playing sports? What health problems should I be aware of if I play sports? What is disordered eating? What is the female athlete triad? What causes the female athlete triad? What are the symptoms of the female athlete triad? What changes in my period should I be concerned about? What is low bone mass? Can these health problems cause permanent damage? Who can I talk to if I am concerned that playing sports is harming my health? How can sports-related health problems be treated? What can I d...


39.
June 2016

FAQ193, June 2016

How common is heavy menstrual bleeding? Heavy menstrual bleeding is very common. About one third of women seek treatment for it. Heavy menstrual bleeding is not normal. It can disrupt your life and may be a sign of a more serious health problem. If you are worried that your menstrual bleeding is too heavy, tell your obstetrician–gynecologist (ob-gyn).


Although most babies are born healthy, parents-to-be often worry about the possibility that their baby will be born with a medical condition or physical disability. A birth defect is a physical problem or intellectual disability that is present at birth, although some birth defects may not be noticed until the child is older. About 3 in 100 babies in the United States are born with a major birth defect


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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