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101.
February 2016

FAQ081, February 2016

What is urinary incontinence? Urinary incontinence simply means leaking urine. Incontinence can range from leaking just a few drops of urine to complete emptying of the bladder.


102.
February 2016

FAQ142, February 2016

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not make enough insulin or does not use it as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps balance the amount of glucose in your blood. Normally, your body changes most of the food you eat into glucose. Glucose is then carried to the body’s cells with the help of insulin. If your body does not make enough insulin, or the insulin does not work as it should, the glucose cannot enter the body’s cells. Instead, it stays in the blood. This makes your blood glucose level too high.


TFAQ001, February 2016

What does “LGBT” stand for? “LGBT” is an abbreviation for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.” These terms describe a person’s sexual orientation—a person’s emotional or sexual attraction to other people: • “Gay” describes a person (either male or female) who is attracted to people of the same sex. • “Straight” describes a person (either male or female) who is attracted to people of the opposite sex. • A “lesbian” is a female who is attracted to other females. • “Bisexual” describes a person (either male or female) who is attracted to people of both sexes.


104.
February 2016

FAQ192, February 2016

What is assisted vaginal delivery? Assisted vaginal delivery is vaginal delivery of a baby performed with the help of forceps or a vacuum device. It sometimes is called operative vaginal delivery.


105.
February 2016

FAQ172, February 2016

What is cord blood? Cord blood is the blood from the baby that is left in the umbilical cord and placenta after birth. It contains special cells called hematopoietic stem cells that can be used to treat some types of diseases.


106.
February 2016

FAQ062, February 2016

What is dilation and curettage (D&C)? D&C is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is opened (dilated) and a thin instrument is inserted into the uterus. This instrument is used to remove tissue from the inside of the uterus (curettage).


107.
January 2016

FAQ115, January 2016

What causes back pain during pregnancy? The following changes during pregnancy can lead to back pain: Strain on your back muscles Abdominal muscle weakness Pregnancy hormones


FAQ187, January 2016

What is cervical cancer screening? Cervical cancer screening is used to find abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer. Screening includes the Pap test and, for some women, testing for a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV) (see FAQ085 “Cervical Cancer Screening”).


109.
December 2015

FAQ163, December 2015

What is cancer of the cervix? A woman’s cervix (the opening of the uterus at the top of the vagina) is covered by a thin layer of tissue made up of cells. Healthy cells grow, divide, and are replaced as needed. Cancer of the cervix occurs when these cells change. Cancer cells divide more rapidly. They may grow into deeper cell layers or spread to other organs. The cancer cells eventually form a mass of tissue called a tumor.


FAQ126, December 2015

How common is nausea and vomiting of pregnancy? Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is a very common condition. Although nausea and vomiting of pregnancy often is called “morning sickness,” it can occur at any time of the day. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy usually is not harmful to the developing baby, but it can have a serious effect on your life, including your ability to work or do your normal daily activities.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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