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PFSI008 How the Test Is Done CELL-FREE DNA PRENATAL SCREENING TEST What is it? The cell-free DNA prenatal screening test (also called “cfDNA test”) screens for certain conditions caused by an abnormal number of chromosomes. It does not test for all types of chromosomal disorders. Screening tests are used to estimate whether your baby is at higher risk or lower risk of having a certain condition. Diagnostic tests can give a definite answer about whether the baby has a certain condition. These tests include amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS). = maternal ...


PFSI011 Mosquito Bite Prevention If you must travel to one of the areas where Zika virus is spreading, strictly follow these four steps to prevent mosquito bites:  Use EPA-registered bug spray with DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, paramenthane-diol, or 2-undecanone. Used as directed, these sprays are safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women.  Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.  Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated items.  Stay in air-conditioned or screened-in areas during the day and at night. Follow these steps at all ...


PFSI010 ››› Weeks 1–4 Weeks 5–8 Weeks 9–12 Weeks 13–16 Weeks 17–20 Weeks 21–24 • Timing: 10–13 weeks • Blood test plus NT ultrasound exam • Screens for Down • syndrome and trisomy 18 First-trimester screening Second-trimester screening (“quad screen”) • Timing: 15–22 weeks • Blood test • Screens for Down syndrome, trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and NTDs Standard ultrasound exam • Timing: 18–22 weeks • Screens for some physical defects Integrated screening and sequential screening • Timing: 10–22 weeks • Combines first-trimester and second-trimester screening test results in vari...


PFSI009 Your ob-gyn or other health care professional takes a sample of cervical cells and sends them to a lab for testing: • For a Pap test, the sample is tested to see if abnormal cells are present. • For an HPV test, the sample is tested for infection with HPV types linked to cancer. If you are younger than 21 years  You do not need screening.  If you are aged 21–29 years  Have a Pap test every 3 years.  If you are aged 30 –65 years Have a Pap test + an HPV test (co-testing) every 5 years (preferred) or a Pap test alone every 3 years.   If you are 65 years or older ...


Pregnancy Periods Sexuality and Relationships 10. Have safe and healthy relationships with a boyfriend or girlfriend. 11. Know when a relationship is threatening or harmful. 12. Talk about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics. 13. Think things through before you have sex for the first time. 14. Learn about safe sex. 15. Get birth control so you can choose to become pregnant when the time is right for you. 16. Plan ahead for a safe and healthy pregnancy. 17. Get tested for pregnancy. 18. Know what your options are if you become pregnant. 19. Protect yourself fr...


Although most babies are born healthy, parents-to-be often worry about the possibility that their baby will be born with a medical condition or physical disability. A birth defect is a physical problem or intellectual disability that is present at birth, although some birth defects may not be noticed until the child is older. About 3 in 100 babies in the United States are born with a major birth defect


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September 2017

FAQ028, September 2017

What is vaginitis? Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. As many as one third of women will have symptoms of vaginitis sometime during their lives. Vaginitis affects women of all ages but is most common during the reproductive years.


FAQ162, May 2011

What are menopause and perimenopause? Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 1 year. The average age of menopause is 51 years, but the normal range is 45 years to 55 years. The years leading up to this point are called perimenopause. This term means "around menopause." This phase can last for up to 10 years. During perimenopause, shifts in hormone levels can affect ovulation and cause changes in the menstrual cycle.


FAQ180, April 2017

What is sterilization? Sterilization is a permanent form of birth control.


FAQ056, April 2017

Pregnancy What is a preconception care checkup? Who should have a preconception care checkup? Why is a healthy diet important? How can I make sure my diet is healthy? How can being overweight affect my pregnancy? How can I lose weight if I am overweight? How can being underweight affect my pregnancy? Should I take a vitamin supplement? Why is it important for me to get enough folic acid before I get pregnant? Why is it important for me to get enough iron? Can my lifestyle affect my pregnancy? How can my environment affect my pregnancy? Ca...


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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