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FAQ123, March 2015

What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the blood vessels called arteries. The arteries carry blood from your heart to your lungs, where the blood picks up oxygen, which is delivered to your organs and tissues. The organs and tissues use the oxygen to power their activities. Other blood vessels called veins bring the now oxygen-poor blood and waste products back to the heart and lungs.


122.
January 2015

FAQ046, January 2015

What is dysmenorrhea? Pain associated with menstruation is called dysmenorrhea.


PFS006, December 2014

Why does my baby need newborn screening tests? Although most babies are healthy when they are born, every U.S. state requires that newborn screening tests be performed on all babies to identify those that may look healthy but have a rare and serious health problem. If problems are found early, treatment can help prevent serious medical problems or death.


124.
November 2014

FAQ139, November 2014

What is accidental bowel leakage? Accidental bowel leakage is loss of normal control of your bowels. It also is called fecal incontinence. This condition leads to leakage of solid or liquid stool (feces) or gas.


FAQ169, June 2014

What are some of the common skin changes that occur during pregnancy? Many women notice changes to their skin, nails, and hair during pregnancy. Some of the most common changes include the following: Dark spots on the breasts, nipples, or inner thighs Melasma—brown patches on the face around the cheeks, nose, and forehead Linea nigra—a dark line that runs from the navel to the pubic hair Stretch marks Acne Spider veins Varicose veins Changes in nail and hair growth


126.
June 2014

FAQ065, June 2014

What are the dangers of smoking? Smoking is a leading cause of death in women. Lung cancer causes more deaths in women than any other type of cancer, including breast cancer and ovarian cancer. Another smoking-related disease, heart disease, is currently the number one killer of women in the United States. Death occurs earlier in women who smoke. On average, female smokers die 12 years earlier than female nonsmokers.


FAQ165, April 2014

What is a birth defect? A birth defect is a problem that is present at birth, although it may not be noticed until the child is older. Birth defects may affect any part of the body, including major organs such as the heart, lungs, or brain. The defect may affect the baby’s appearance, a body function, or both.


FAQ120, January 2014

What are some common digestive problems? Common digestive problems include the following: • Constipation • Diarrhea • Acid reflux • Hemorrhoids Most common digestive problems are short term and easy to control with lifestyle changes and sometimes medication. In some cases, these problems can be a sign of more serious medical problems.


129.
December 2013

FAQ091, December 2013

What are the postpartum blues? About 2–3 days after childbirth, some women begin to feel depressed, anxious, and upset. They may feel angry with the new baby, their partners, or their other children.


FAQ183, December 2013

What is pelvic organ prolapse? Pelvic organ prolapse is a disorder in which one or more of the pelvic organs drop from their normal position (see FAQ012 Pelvic Support Problems). What organs can be affected by pelvic organ prolapse? The organs that can be affected include the following: • Uterus • Top of the vagina in women who have had a hysterectomy (the vaginal vault) • Front (anterior) wall of the vagina (usually with the bladder, which is called a cystocele) • Back (posterior) wall of the vagina (usually with the rectum, which is called a rectocele) • The pouch between the rectum...


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