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SP137 Causas de infertilidad La infertilidad puede ocurrir debido a muchos factores. Los factores en la mujer causan infertilidad en aproximadamente una tercera parte del tiempo, y los factores en el hombre en aproximadamente otra tercera parte del tiempo. En las parejas restantes, la infertilidad puede ocurrir debido a una combinación de factores en ambas parejas. A veces, no se determina una causa. Esto se denomina infertilidad de origen desconocido. La causa más común de infertilidad en la mujer es la falta de ovulación u ovulación irregular. Las causas más comunes de infert...

October 2017

Number FAQ137, October 2017

What is infertility? Infertility is defined as not having become pregnant after 1 year of having regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth control (see FAQ136 Evaluating Infertility). If you are older than 35 years, an evaluation and possible treatment are recommended after 6 months. If you are older than 40 years, an evaluation and possible treatment are recommended before you reach the 6-month mark.

October 2017

Number FAQ136, October 2017

What is an infertility evaluation? An infertility evaluation includes exams and tests to try to find the reason why you and your partner have not become pregnant. If a cause is found, treatment may be possible. In many cases, infertility can be successfully treated even if no cause is found.

September 2017

Number Number 719, September 2017

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 553, February 2013)

ABSTRACT: Although not all multifetal pregnancies occur after the use of assisted reproductive technology, fertility treatments have contributed significantly to the increase in multifetal pregnancies. In almost all cases, it is preferable to avoid the risk of higher-order multifetal pregnancy by limiting the number of embryos to be transferred or by cancelling a gonadotropin cycle when the ovarian response suggests a high risk of a multifetal pregnancy. When multifetal pregnancies do occur, incorporating the ethical framework presented in this Committee Opinion will help obstetrician–gynecol...

September 2017

Number AP137, September 2017

Members Only

September 2017

Number AP136, September 2017

Members Only

SP121 Síndrome de ovario poliquístico The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists WOMEN’S HEALTH CARE PHYSICIANS PATIENT EDUCATI N Problemas Ginecológicos • SP121 E l síndrome de ovario poliquístico (SOP) es un trastorno que afecta hasta un 5–10% de las mujeres. Las tres características principales del síndrome de ovario poliquístico son: 1) niveles elevados de ciertas hormonas que se llaman andrógenos; 2) períodos menstruales irregulares o ausencia de períodos menstruales y 3) la presencia de sacos llenos de líquido en los ovarios. Muchas mujeres con este síndrom...

Number FAQ121, June 2017

What are common signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Common PCOS signs and symptoms include the following: Irregular menstrual periods—Menstrual disorders can include absent periods, periods that occur infrequently or too frequently, heavy periods, or unpredictable periods. Infertility —PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility. Obesity—Up to 80% of women with PCOS are obese. Excess hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or upper thighs—This condition, called hirsutism, affects more than 70% of women with PCOS. Severe acne or acne that occurs a...

Number Number 698, May 2017

ABSTRACT: Primary ovarian insufficiency describes a spectrum of declining ovarian function and reduced fecundity due to a premature decrease in initial follicle number, an increase in follicle destruction, or poor follicular response to gonadotropins. The sequelae of primary ovarian insufficiency include vasomotor symptoms, urogenital atrophy, osteoporosis and fracture, cardiovascular disease, and increased all-cause mortality. In women with primary ovarian insufficiency, systemic hormone therapy (HT) is an effective approach to treat the symptoms of hypoestrogenism and mitigate long-term hea...

April 2017

Number AP121, April 2017

Members Only

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