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Number Number 728, January 2018

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 562, May 2013)

ABSTRACT: Müllerian agenesis, also referred to as müllerian aplasia, Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome, or vaginal agenesis, has an incidence of 1 per 4,500–5,000 females. Müllerian agenesis is caused by embryologic underdevelopment of the müllerian duct, with resultant agenesis or atresia of the vagina, uterus, or both. Patients with müllerian agenesis usually are identified when they are evaluated for primary amenorrhea with otherwise typical growth and pubertal development. The most important steps in the effective management of müllerian agenesis are correct diagnosis of the underly...


2.
December 2017

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SP041 Cambios en las jóvenes durante la pubertad La pubertad comienza cuando el cerebro envía señales a ciertas partes del cuerpo para que comience a crecer y cambiar. Estas señales se llaman hormonas. Las hormonas son sustancias químicas que controlan las funciones del cuerpo. Durante la pubertad, las hormonas causan los siguientes cambios: • Aumentas de peso y de estatura. • Se podrían ensanchar tus caderas. Los cambios en el cuerpo: La pubertad en las jóvenes The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists WOMEN’S HEALTH CARE PHYSICIANS PATIENT EDUCATI N Especial...


5.
September 2017

Number Number 714, September 2017

ABSTRACT: Rates of obesity among adolescents in the United States have increased at a dramatic rate along with the prevalence of weight-related diseases. Between the 1980s and 2014, the prevalence of obesity among adolescent females in the United States increased from approximately 10% to 21%. Although the steep increase in the prevalence of obesity in children (2–11 years) has slowed, the prevalence of obesity in adolescents (12–19 years) continues to increase. Because the obese female adolescent faces medical, psychologic, and reproductive health challenges, early intervention is imperative...


SP150 Qué puedes esperar Las mujeres tienen necesidades especiales de salud. Los obstetra–ginecólogos son médicos que se especializan en la salud de la mujer. Las jóvenes deben tener la primara consulta ginecológica entre los 13 años y 15 años de edad. La primera consulta puede consistir solo en una conversación entre tú y tu médico. También se podrían hacer algunos exámenes específicos. La primera consulta es una buena manera para que tú y tu médico se conozcan. También te enterarás de lo que puedes esperar durante las consultas futuras y obtener información sobre cómo mantene...


Number Number 710, August 2017

ABSTRACT: Modern contraceptives are very effective when used correctly and, thus, effective counseling regarding contraceptive options and provision of resources to increase access are key components of adolescent health care. Regardless of a patient’s age or previous sexual activity, the obstetrician–gynecologist routinely should address her contraceptive needs, expectations, and concerns. Obstetrician–gynecologists should be aware of and be prepared to address the most common misperceptions about contraceptive methods in a way that is age appropriate and compatible with the patient’s health...


Number FAQ041, August 2017

What is puberty? Puberty is the time when your body changes and becomes more like an adult. When does puberty start? It is normal for changes to start as early as 8 years old or as late as 13 years old. Puberty starts when your brain sends signals to certain parts of the body to start growing and changing. These signals are called hormones. Hormones are chemicals that control body functions.


Number Number 705, July 2017

ABSTRACT: Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician–gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient’s ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturba...


SP191 Cómo ocurre una infección del virus del papiloma humano Hay más de 150 tipos del VPH. Alrededor de 40 tipos infectan el área genital de los hombres y las mujeres, y se transmiten mediante el contacto con la piel durante el sexo vaginal, anal u oral. La infección genital del VPH puede ocurrir aun si no tiene coito sexual. La vacuna contra el virus del papiloma humano The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists WOMEN’S HEALTH CARE PHYSICIANS PATIENT EDUCATI N La Salud de la Mujer • SP191 Al igual que con muchas otras infecciones de transmisión sexual, a menu...


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