Gestational Diabetes: Resource Overview

Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Diabetes is a condition that causes high levels of glucose in the blood. When glucose levels are too high, health problems can occur, which can negatively affect the pregnancy and the health of the baby.

An estimated 6 to 7% of pregnancies are complicated by diabetes, and approximately 90% of these cases are women with gestational diabetes. Ob-gyns, physicians whose primary responsibility is women’s health, play a leading role in the screening and treatment of gestational diabetes.

Here are the key publications and resources for ob-gyns, other women’s health care providers, and patients from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and other sources. 

Jump to:
Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers
Resources for Women and Patients
External Organizations 

Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers

Practice Bulletin: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (members only)

“Gestational Diabetes Mellitus,” issued by ACOG in August 2013, provides evidence-based guidelines for the screening, diagnosis, treatment, and management of gestational diabetes. Drug therapies, such as insulin, and alternative treatments, such as nutrition therapy, are discussed.

Practice Bulletin: Fetal Macrosomia (members only)

“Fetal Macrosomia,” issued by ACOG in November 2016, provides evidence-based guidelines for the management of fetal macrosomia, a type of excessive fetal growth that is a common complication of maternal diabetes. The document reviews the possible complications of fetal macrosomia and the available methods for diagnosis.

Patient Tear Pad: Gestational Diabetes Follow-Up Instructions

“Gestational Diabetes Follow-Up Instructions” tear pads were created in both English and Spanish to help ob-gyns provide postpartum screening to patients who developed gestational diabetes. Postpartum follow-up helps prevent the development of type 2 diabetes, which occurs over time in 15 to 50% of women with gestational diabetes.


Resources for Women and Patients

Patient FAQ: Gestational Diabetes

“Gestational Diabetes,” issued by ACOG in September 2013, is designed to answer patients’ questions about gestational diabetes. The document covers what causes gestational diabetes, how it affects pregnancy, the risks it poses for both mom and baby, and its management and treatment.

Patient FAQ: Obesity and Pregnancy

“Obesity and Pregnancy,” issued by ACOG in June 2013, answers patients’ questions about how obesity can affect pregnancy. It covers the increased risks obesity during pregnancy poses for mom and baby, including fetal macrosomia and gestational diabetes.


External Organizations

The American Diabetes Association leads the fight against the deadly consequences of diabetes and fights for those affected by diabetes, including gestational diabetes.

  • Visit the American Diabetes Association website:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, has an informative section of their website dedicated to gestational diabetes.


The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), a 501(c)(3) organization, is the nation’s leading group of physicians providing health care for women. As a private, voluntary, nonprofit membership organization of more than 58,000 members, ACOG strongly advocates for quality women’s health care, maintains the highest standards of clinical practice and continuing education of its members, promotes patient education, and increases awareness among its members and the public of the changing issues facing women’s health care.


American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998