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Title Date

OnabotulinumtoxinA and the Bladder

Number 604

ABSTRACT: In January 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of onabotulinumtoxinA (also known as Botox A) for the treatment of overactive bladder, thus providing another treatment option for women. Symptoms of overactive bladder have been shown to significantly improve after ...

June 2014

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Optimal Goals for Anesthesia Care in Obstetrics

Number 433

(Replaces No. 256, May 2001)

ABSTRACT: A joint statement from the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists was developed to address issues of concern to both specialties. Good obstetric care requires the availability of qualified personnel and equipment to administer ge...

May 2009

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Options for Prevention and Management of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Adolescent Patients Undergoing

Number 606

ABSTRACT: Adolescents undergoing cancer treatment are at high risk of heavy menstrual bleeding, and gynecologists may be consulted either before the initiation of cancer treatment to request strategies for menstrual suppression or during an episode of severe heavy bleeding to stop the bleeding eme...

August 2014

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Over-the-Counter Access to Oral Contraceptives

Number 544

ABSTRACT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health problem in the United States. Access and cost issues are common reasons why women either do not use contraception or have gaps in use. A potential way to improve contraceptive access and use, and possibly decrease unintended pregnancy ra...

December 2012

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Pain Relief During Labor

Number 295

(Reaffirmed 2008, Replaces No. 231, February 2000)

ABSTRACT: Pain management should be provided whenever medically indicated. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) believe that women requesting epidural analgesia during labor should not be deprived of this service based o...

July 2004

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Patents Medicine and the Interests of Patients

Number 364

(Reaffirmed 2009)

ABSTRACT: Many basic scientists and clinicians support the right to obtain and enforce patents on drugs, diagnostic tests, medical devices, and most recently, genes. Although those who develop useful drugs, diagnostic and screening tests, and medical technologies have the right to expect a fair re...

May 2007

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Number 488

ABSTRACT: Pharmacogenetics is the study of genetic variations in drug response that are determined by specific genes. It is hoped that the use of pharmacogenetics in clinical practice may improve drug safety and decrease the rate of adverse drug reactions. Given the potential applications of pharm...

May 2011

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Postmenopausal Estrogen Therapy: Route of Administration and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism

Number 556

ABSTRACT: The development of menopausal symptoms and related disorders, which lead women to seek prescriptions for postmenopausal estrogen therapy and hormone therapy, is a common reason for a patient to visit her gynecologist, but these therapies are associated with an increased risk of venous th...

April 2013

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Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 595

Abstract: Preexposure prophylaxis is defined as the administration of antiretroviral medications to individuals who are not infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV infection. In combination with other proven HIV-prevention methods, preexposure ...

May 2014

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Prevention of Early-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease in Newborns

Number 485

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 279, December 2002)

ABSTRACT: In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revised its guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal disease. Although universal screening at 35–37 weeks of gestation and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis continue to be the basis of the prevention strateg...

April 2011

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Primary Ovarian Insufficiency in Adolescents and Young Women

Number 605

ABSTRACT: Primary ovarian insufficiency is the depletion or dysfunction of ovarian follicles with cessation of menses before age 40 years. There is no consensus on criteria to identify primary ovarian insufficiency in adolescents, and delay in diagnosis is common. Health care providers who make th...

July 2014

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Professional Relationships With Industry

Number 541

(Replaces No. 401, March 2008)

ABSTRACT: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (the College) has a long history of leadership in ensuring that its educational mission is evidence based and unbiased. A predecessor to this Committee Opinion was published in 1985, making the College one of the first professional ...

November 2012

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Risk of Venous Thromboembolism Among Users of Drospirenone-Containing Oral Contraceptive Pills

Number 540

ABSTRACT: Although the risk of venous thromboembolism is increased among oral contraceptive users compared with nonusers who are not pregnant and not taking hormones, and some data have suggested that use of drospirenone-containing pills has a higher risk of venous thromboembolism, this risk is st...

November 2012

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Solutions for Surgical Preparation of the Vagina

Number 571

ABSTRACT: Currently, only povidone-iodine preparations are approved for vaginal surgical-site antisepsis. However, there are compelling reasons to consider chlorhexidine gluconate solutions for off-label use in surgical preparation of the vagina, especially in women with allergies to iodine. Altho...

September 2013

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Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy

Number 381

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT: Subclinical hypothyroidism is diagnosed in asymptomatic women when the thyroid-stimulating hormone level is elevated and the free thyroxine level is within the reference range. Thyroid hormones, specifically thyroxine, are essential for normal fetal brain development. However, data indic...

October 2007

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Sulfonamides, Nitrofurantoin, and Risk of Birth Defects

Number 494

(Reaffirmed 2013)

Abstract: The evidence regarding an association between the nitrofuran and sulfonamide classes of antibiotics and birth defects is mixed. As with all patients, antibiotics should be prescribed for pregnant women only for appropriate indications and for the shortest effective duration. During the s...

June 2011

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Tamoxifen and Uterine Cancer

Number 601

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 336, June 2006)

ABSTRACT: Tamoxifen, a nonsteroidal antiestrogen agent, is widely used as adjunctive therapy for women with breast cancer, and it has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for adjuvant treatment of breast cancer, treatment of metastatic breast cancer, and reduction in breast cance...

June 2014

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Update on Immunization and Pregnancy Tetanus Diphtheria and Pertussis Vaccination

Number 566

(Replaces No. 521, March 2012)

ABSTRACT: In the face of dramatic and persistent increases in pertussis disease in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has updated its guidelines for the use of the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular ...

June 2013

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Vitamin D: Screening and Supplementation During Pregnancy

Number 495

ABSTRACT: During pregnancy, severe maternal vitamin D deficiency has been associated with biochemical evidence of disordered skeletal homeostasis, congenital rickets, and fractures in the newborn. At this time, there is insufficient evidence to support a recommendation for screening all pregnant w...

July 2011

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