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181.

Reproductive and Sexual Coercion

Committee Opinion Number 554, February 2013

ABSTRACT Reproductive and sexual coercion involves behavior intended to maintain power and control in a relationship related to reproductive health by someone who is was or wishes to be involved in an intimate or dating relationship with an adult or adolescent This behavior includes explicit attem...

February 2013

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182.

Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Committee Opinion Number 535, August 2012

ABSTRACT Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the US correctional system Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high rates ...

August 2012

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183.

Reproductive Life Planning to Reduce Unintended Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 654, February 2016

ABSTRACT Approximately one half 51 of the 6 million pregnancies each year in the United States are unintended A reproductive life plan is a set of personal goals regarding whether when and how to have children based on individual priorities resources and values A lack of reproductive life planning...

February 2016

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184.

Risk of Venous Thromboembolism Among Users of Drospirenone-Containing Oral Contraceptive Pills

Committee Opinion Number 540, November 2012

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Although the risk of venous thromboembolism is increased among oral contraceptive users compared with nonusers who are not pregnant and not taking hormones and some data have suggested that use of drospirenonecontaining pills has a higher risk of venous thromboembolism this risk is still ...

November 2012

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185.

Robotic Surgery in Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 628, March 2015

ABSTRACT The field of robotic surgery has developed rapidly and its use for gynecologic conditions has grown exponentially Surgeons should be skilled at abdominal and laparoscopic approaches for a specific procedure before undertaking robotic approaches Surgeon training competency guidelines and q...

March 2015

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186.

Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

Committee Opinion Number 596, May 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 411, August 2008)

Abstract Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus HIV can improve survival and reduce morbidity The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that females aged 1364 years be tested at least once in their li...

May 2014

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187.

Salpingectomy for Ovarian Cancer Prevention

Committee Opinion Number 620, January 2015

ABSTRACT Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate out of all types of gynecologic cancer and is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women Current attempts at screening for ovarian cancer have been unsuccessful and are associated with falsepositive test results that lead to unnecess...

January 2015

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188.

Scheduled Cesarean Delivery and the Prevention of Vertical Transmission of HIV Infection

Committee Opinion Number 234, May 2000

(Replaces No. 219, August 1999, Reaffirmed 2015)

Prevention of transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus HIV from mother to fetus or newborn vertical transmission is a major goal in the care of pregnant women infected with HIV An important advance in this regard was the demonstration that treatment of the mother with zidovudine ZDV during...

May 2000

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189.

Screening for Perinatal Depression

Committee Opinion Number 630, May 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 453, February 2010)

ABSTRACT Perinatal depression which includes major and minor depressive episodes that occur during pregnancy or in the first 12 months after delivery is one of the most common medical complications during pregnancy and the postpartum period affecting one in seven women It is important to identify ...

May 2015

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190.

Screening for Tay - Sachs Disease

Committee Opinion Number 318, October 2005

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 162, November 1995)

ABSTRACT TaySachs disease TSD is a severe progressive neurologic disease that causes death in early childhood Carrier screening should be offered before pregnancy to individuals and couples at high risk including those of Ashkenazi Jewish FrenchCanadian or Cajun descent and those with a family his...

October 2005

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191.

Seeking and Giving Consultation

Committee Opinion Number 365, May 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Consultations usually are sought when practitioners with primary clinical responsibility recognize conditions or situations that are beyond their level of expertise or available resources One way to maximize prompt effective consultation and collegial relationships is to have a formal con...

May 2007

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192.

Sexual Assault

Committee Opinion Number 592, April 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 499, August 2011)

ABSTRACT Reproductiveaged victims of sexual assault are at risk of unintended pregnancy sexually transmitted infections and mental health conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder Health care providers should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault and offer victims both emergenc...

April 2014

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193.

Sexual Misconduct

Committee Opinion Number 373, August 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT The physicianpatient relationship is damaged when there is either confusion regarding professional roles and behavior or clear lack of integrity that allows sexual exploitation and harm Sexual contact or a romantic relationship between a physician and a current patient is always unethical...

August 2007

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194.

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 471, November 2010

(Replaces No. 316, October 2005. Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States and is associated with maternal fetal and infant morbidity and mortality The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful however the compassionate intervention of th...

November 2010

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195.

Solutions for Surgical Preparation of the Vagina

Committee Opinion Number 571, September 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Currently only povidoneiodine preparations are approved for vaginal surgicalsite antisepsis However there are compelling reasons to consider chlorhexidine gluconate solutions for offlabel use in surgical preparation of the vagina especially in women with allergies to iodine Although chlor...

September 2013

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196.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Committee Opinion Number 432, May 2009

Reaffirmed 2014

ABSTRACT Spinal muscular atrophy SMA is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease that results from degeneration of spinal cord motor neurons leading to atrophy of skeletal muscle and overall weakness In current practice patients with a family history of SMA are being offered carrier screen...

May 2009

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197.

Sterilization of Women Including Those With Mental Disabilities

Committee Opinion Number 371, July 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Sterilization like any other surgical procedure must be carried out under the general ethical principles of respect for autonomy beneficence and justice Women requesting sterilization should be encouraged to discuss their decision and associated issues with their husbands or other appropr...

July 2007

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198.

Substance Abuse Reporting and Pregnancy: The Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Committee Opinion Number 473, January 2011

(Reaffirmed 2014)

Abstract Drug enforcement policies that deter women from seeking prenatal care are contrary to the welfare of the mother and fetus Incarceration and the threat of incarceration have proved to be ineffective in reducing the incidence of alcohol or drug abuse Obstetriciangynecologists should be awar...

January 2011

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199.

Sulfonamides, Nitrofurantoin, and Risk of Birth Defects

Committee Opinion Number 494, June 2011

(Reaffirmed 2015)

Abstract The evidence regarding an association between the nitrofuran and sulfonamide classes of antibiotics and birth defects is mixed As with all patients antibiotics should be prescribed for pregnant women only for appropriate indications and for the shortest effective duration During the secon...

June 2011

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200.

Tamoxifen and Uterine Cancer

Committee Opinion Number 601, June 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 336, June 2006)

ABSTRACT Tamoxifen a nonsteroidal antiestrogen agent is widely used as adjunctive therapy for women with breast cancer and it has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for adjuvant treatment of breast cancer treatment of metastatic breast cancer and reduction in breast cancer incide...

June 2014

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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