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Results 81–100 of 218
Title Date
81.

Forming a Just Health Care System

Number 456

ABSTRACT: In this Committee Opinion, the Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists endorses the College's ongoing efforts to promote a just health care system, explores justifications that inform just health care, and identifies professional responsibilities to...

March 2010

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82.

Preparing for Disasters: Perspectives on Women

Number 457

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Emergency plans that specifically address the needs of women, infants, and children during disasters are currently underdeveloped in the United States. Pregnant women, infants, and children are adversely affected by disasters resulting in an increased number of infants with intrauterine ...

June 2010

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83.

The Obstetric-Gynecologic Hospitalist

Number 459

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT: The work models for the obstetric–gynecologic hospitalist and the obstetric laborist are gaining popularity and momentum in hospitals across the nation. These models could be timely solutions to the challenging demands of the general practice of obstetrics and gynecology. The American Co...

July 2010

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84.

Moderate Caffeine Consumption During Pregnancy

Number 462

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Moderate caffeine consumption (less than 200 mg per day) does not appear to be a major contributing factor in miscarriage or preterm birth. The relationship of caffeine to growth restriction remains undetermined. A final conclusion cannot be made at this time as to whether there is a cor...

August 2010

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85.

Patient Safety in the Surgical Environment

Number 464

(Reaffirmed 2012, Replaces No. 328, February 2006)

ABSTRACT: Ensuring patient safety in the operating room begins before the patient enters the operative suite and includes attention to all applicable types of preventable medical errors (including, for example, medication errors), but surgical errors are unique to this environment. Steps to preven...

September 2010

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86.

Ethical Considerations for Performing Gynecologic Surgery in Low-Resource Settings Abroad

Number 466

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: International humanitarian medical efforts provide essential services to patients who would not otherwise have access to specific health care services. The Committees on Ethics and Global Women's Health of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourage College Fellows ...

September 2010

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87.

Carrier Screening for Fragile X Syndrome

Number 469

(Replaces No. 338, June 2006)

ABSTRACT: Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. The syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 3,600 males and 1 in 4,000–6,000 females. Approximately 1 in 250 females carry the premutation. DNA-based molecular analysis is the preferred method of diagnosis for frag...

October 2010

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88.

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy

Number 471

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 316, October 2005)

ABSTRACT: Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate interventio...

November 2010

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89.

Patient Safety and the Electronic Health Record

Number 472

ABSTRACT: The electronic health record (EHR) has the potential to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of patient care when fully implemented, yet adoption of this tool has been slow. The advantages of the EHR include facilitating improved communication between health care providers; assist...

November 2010

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90.

Substance Abuse Reporting and Pregnancy The Role of the Obstetrician Gynecologist

Number 473

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Drug enforcement policies that deter women from seeking prenatal care are contrary to the welfare of the mother and fetus. Incarceration and the threat of incarceration have proved to be ineffective in reducing the incidence of alcohol or drug abuse. Obstetrician–gynecologists should be ...

January 2011

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91.

Planned Home Birth

Number 476

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Although the Committee on Obstetric Practice believes that hospitals and birthing centers are the safest setting for birth, it respects the right of a woman to make a medically informed decision about delivery. Women inquiring about planned home birth should be informed of its risks and ...

February 2011

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92.

Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy

Number 474

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 284, August 2003)

ABSTRACT: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Obstetric Practice acknowledges that the issue of nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy is an important concern for physicians who care for women. It is important for a physician to obtain an obstetric consultation bef...

February 2011

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93.

The Role of the Obstetrician Gynecologist in the Early Detection of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Number 477

(Replaces No. 280, December 2002)

ABSTRACT: Epithelial ovarian cancer is most commonly detected in an advanced stage, when the overall 5-year survival rate is 20–30%. Detection of early-stage ovarian cancer results in improved survival. Currently, there is no effective strategy for ovarian cancer screening. Women with persistent a...

March 2011

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94.

Family History as a Risk Assessment Tool

Number 478

ABSTRACT: Family history plays a critical role in assessing the risk of inherited medical conditions and single gene disorders. Several methods have been established to obtain family medical histories, including the family history questionnaire or checklist and the pedigree. The screening tool sel...

March 2011

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95.

Methamphetamine Abuse in Women of Reproductive Age

Number 479

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Methamphetamine abuse has continued to increase in the United States since the late 1980s with its use spreading from the West Coast to areas across the country. Methamphetamine use in pregnancy endangers the health of the woman and increases the risk of low birth weight and small for ge...

March 2011

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96.

Empathy in Womens Health Care

Number 480

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Empathy is the process through which one attempts to project oneself into another's life and imagine a situation from his or her point of view. Most individuals do have an innate capacity to show empathy toward others. Empathy is as important to being a good physician as technical compet...

March 2011

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97.

Newborn Screening

Number 481

(Replaces No. 393, December 2007)

ABSTRACT: Newborn screening programs are mandatory, state-based public health programs. They provide newborns in the United States with presymptomatic testing and necessary follow-up care for a variety of medical conditions for which early intervention will improve neonatal and long-term health ou...

March 2011

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98.

Performance Enhancing Anabolic Steroid Abuse in Women

Number 484

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Anabolic steroids are composed of testosterone and other substances related to testosterone that promote growth of skeletal muscle, increase hemoglobin concentration, and mediate secondary sexual characteristics. These substances have been in use since the 1930s to promote muscle growth,...

April 2011

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99.

Prevention of Early-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease in Newborns

Number 485

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 279, December 2002)

ABSTRACT: In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revised its guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal disease. Although universal screening at 35–37 weeks of gestation and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis continue to be the basis of the prevention strateg...

April 2011

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100.

Update on Carrier Screening for Cystic Fibrosis

Number 486

(Replaces No. 325, December 2005)

ABSTRACT: In 2001, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American College of Medical Genetics introduced guidelines for prenatal and preconception carrier screening for cystic fibrosis. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Genetics has upd...

April 2011

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