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1.

Microarrays and Next-Generation Sequencing Technology: The Use of Advanced Genetic Diagnostic Tools in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 682, December 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 581, December 2013)

ABSTRACT Genetic technology has advanced dramatically in the past few decades and its applications and use in caring for and counseling pregnant women has been transformational in the realm of prenatal diagnosis Two of the newer genetic technologies in the prenatal setting are chromosomal microarr...

December 2016

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2.

Comprehensive Sexuality Education

Committee Opinion Number 678, November 2016

ABSTRACT Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content emphasis and effectiveness Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages races and ethnicities socioeconomic groups and geographic areas Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexu...

November 2016

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3.

Dual Therapy for Gonococcal Infections

Committee Opinion Number 645, November 2015

ABSTRACT Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States with an estimated 820000 new Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections occurring each year Antimicrobial resistance limits treatment success heightens the risk of complications and may facili...

November 2015

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4.

The Apgar Score

Committee Opinion Number 644, October 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 333, May 2006)

ABSTRACT The Apgar score provides an accepted and convenient method for reporting the status of the newborn infant immediately after birth and the response to resuscitation if needed The Apgar score alone cannot be considered to be evidence of or a consequence of asphyxia does not predict individu...

October 2015

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5.

Identification and Referral of Maternal Genetic Conditions in Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 643, October 2015

ABSTRACT Advances in the understanding of genetic conditions reproductive technologies and improved medical and surgical care have enabled an increasing number of women with genetic conditions to achieve a normal pregnancy outcome However management of certain genetic conditions during pregnancy i...

October 2015

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6.

Cell-free DNA Screening for Fetal Aneuploidy

Committee Opinion Number 640, September 2015

(This Committee Opinion Replaces Committee Opinion Number 545)

ABSTRACT Noninvasive prenatal screening that uses cellfree DNA from the plasma of pregnant women offers tremendous potential as a screening method for fetal aneuploidy A number of laboratories have validated different techniques for the use of cellfree DNA as a screening test for fetal aneuploidy ...

September 2015

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7.

First-Trimester Risk Assessment for Early-Onset Preeclampsia

Committee Opinion Number 638, September 2015

ABSTRACT Hypertensive disorders with adverse sequelae including preterm birth maternal morbidity and mortality and longterm risk of maternal cardiovascular disease complicate 510 of pregnancies Early identification of pregnant women at risk of developing earlyonset preeclampsia would theoretically...

September 2015

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8.

Hereditary Cancer Syndromes and Risk Assessment

Committee Opinion Number 634, June 2015

ABSTRACT A hereditary cancer syndrome is a genetic predisposition to certain types of cancer often with onset at an early age caused by inherited mutations in one or more genes Cases of cancer commonly encountered by obstetriciangynecologists or other obstetricgynecologic providersmdashsuch as bre...

June 2015

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9.

Screening for Perinatal Depression

Committee Opinion Number 630, May 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 453, February 2010)

ABSTRACT Perinatal depression which includes major and minor depressive episodes that occur during pregnancy or in the first 12 months after delivery is one of the most common medical complications during pregnancy and the postpartum period affecting one in seven women It is important to identify ...

May 2015

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10.

Management of Women With Dense Breasts Diagnosed by Mammography

Committee Opinion Number 625, March 2015

ABSTRACT Women with dense breasts have a modestly increased risk of breast cancer and experience reduced sensitivity of mammography to detect breast cancer However evidence is lacking to advocate for additional testing until there are clinically validated data that indicate improved screening outc...

March 2015

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11.

Ovarian Reserve Testing

Committee Opinion Number 618, January 2015

ABSTRACT The main goal of ovarian reserve testing is to identify those individuals who are at risk of decreased or diminished ovarian reserve commonly known as DOR Although ovarian reserve testing cannot predict the end of ones reproductive years results outside the range expected for a patients a...

January 2015

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12.

Newborn Screening and the Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Committee Opinion Number 616, January 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 481, March 2011)

ABSTRACT Newborn screening is a mandatory statebased public health program that provides all newborns in the United States with presymptomatic testing and necessary followup health care for a variety of medical conditions The goal of this essential public health program is to decrease morbidity an...

January 2015

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13.

Colorectal Cancer Screening Strategies

Committee Opinion Number 609, October 2014

ABSTRACT Each year more than 24000 women die from colorectal cancer which makes it the third leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer and breast cancer However screening tests are underused for many segments of the population and are ordered in a manner inconsistent with guidelines...

October 2014

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14.

Options for Prevention and Management of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Adolescent Patients Undergoing

Committee Opinion Number 606, August 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Adolescents undergoing cancer treatment are at high risk of heavy menstrual bleeding and gynecologists may be consulted either before the initiation of cancer treatment to request strategies for menstrual suppression or during an episode of severe heavy bleeding to stop the bleeding emerg...

August 2014

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15.

Evaluation of Uncomplicated Stress Urinary Incontinence in Women Before Surgical Treatment

Committee Opinion Number 603, June 2014

ABSTRACT Stress urinary incontinence SUI is a condition of involuntary loss of urine on effort physical exertion sneezing or coughing that is often bothersome to the patient and frequently affects quality of life When women are evaluated for SUI counseling about treatment should begin with conserv...

June 2014

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16.

Tracking and Reminder Systems

Committee Opinion Number 546, December 2012

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces No. 461, August 2010)

ABSTRACT An accurate and effective tracking or reminder system is useful for the modern practice of obstetrics and gynecology Practices should not rely solely on the patient to complete all ordered studies and to follow up on health care provider recommendations Health care providers should encour...

December 2012

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17.

Reprocessed Single-Use Devices

Committee Opinion Number 537, October 2012

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT The reprocessing and reuse of singleuse instruments has become increasingly common Although there are limited data on reprocessed singleuse devices existing studies have found a significant rate of physical defects performance issues or improper decontamination There are currently no data...

October 2012

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18.

Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Committee Opinion Number 535, August 2012

ABSTRACT Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the US correctional system Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high rates ...

August 2012

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19.

Well-Woman Visit

Committee Opinion Number 534, August 2012

(Reaffirmed 2016)

Abstract The annual health assessment annual examination is a fundamental part of medical care and is valuable in promoting prevention practices recognizing risk factors for disease identifying medical problems and establishing the clinicianpatient relationship The annual health assessment should ...

August 2012

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20.

Lead Screening During Pregnancy and Lactation

Committee Opinion Number 533, August 2012

(Reaffirmed 2016)

Abstract Prenatal lead exposure has known adverse effects on maternal health and infant outcomes across a wide range of maternal blood lead levels Adverse effects of lead exposure are being identified at lower levels of exposure than previously recognized in both children and adults In 2010 the Ce...

August 2012

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