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Results 181–200 of 219
Title Date
181.

Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Testing

Number 409

Reaffirmed 2014

ABSTRACT Marketing of genetic testing although similar to directtoconsumer advertising of prescription drugs raises additional concerns and considerations These include issues of limited knowledge among patients and health care providers of available genetic tests difficulty in interpretation of g...

June 2008

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182.

Surrogate Motherhood

Number 397

ABSTRACT Ethical responsibilities are described for obstetriciangynecologists who choose to participate in surrogacy arrangements by 1 advising couples who are considering surrogacy 2 counseling potential surrogate mothers 3 providing obstetric services for pregnant women participating in surrogac...

February 2008

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183.

Ethical Decision Making in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 390

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Physicians vary widely in their familiarity with ethical theories and methods and their sensitivity toward ethical issues It is important for physicians to improve their skills in addressing ethical questions Obstetriciangynecologists who are familiar with the concepts of medical ethics w...

December 2007

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184.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 389

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Because human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing an obstetriciangynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV Universal testing with patient notification and rig...

December 2007

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185.

The Limits of Conscientious Refusal in Reproductive Medicine

Number 385

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Health care providers occasionally may find that providing indicated even standard care would present for them a personal moral problema conflict of conscienceparticularly in the field of reproductive medicine Although respect for conscience is important conscientious refusals should be l...

November 2007

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186.

Management of Delivery of a Newborn With Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid

Number 379

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT In accordance with the new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association all infants with meconiumstained amniotic fluid should no longer routinely receive intrapartum suctioning If meconium is present and the newborn is depressed the clinician shou...

September 2007

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187.

Vaginal "Rejuvenation" and Cosmetic Vaginal Procedures

Number 378

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Socalled vaginal rejuvenation designer vaginoplasty revirgination and Gspot amplification are vaginal surgical procedures being offered by some practitioners These procedures are not medically indicated and the safety and effectiveness of these procedures have not been documented Clinicia...

September 2007

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188.

Nalbuphine Hydrochloride Use for Intrapartum Analgesia

Number 376

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Safety concerns have been raised regarding the use of nalbuphine hydrochloride during labor The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists finds data are insufficient to recommend any changes in nalbuphine hydrochloride administration at this time Opinion Nalbuphine hydrochloride...

August 2007

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189.

Brand Versus Generic Oral Contraceptives

Number 375

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT The US Food and Drug Administration considers generic and brand name oral contraceptive OC products clinically equivalent and interchangeable The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports patient or clinician requests for branded OCs or continuation of the same generic ...

August 2007

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190.

Expert Testimony

Number 374

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT It is the duty of obstetricians and gynecologists who testify as expert witnesses on behalf of defendants the government or plaintiffs to do so solely in accordance with their judgment on the merits of the case Obstetriciangynecologists must limit testimony to their sphere of medical expe...

August 2007

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191.

Sexual Misconduct

Number 373

ABSTRACT The physicianpatient relationship is damaged when there is either confusion regarding professional roles and behavior or clear lack of integrity that allows sexual exploitation and harm Sexual contact or a romantic relationship between a physician and a current patient is always unethical...

August 2007

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192.

The Role of Cystourethroscopy in the Generalist Obstetrician-Gynecologist Practice

Number 372

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Cystourethroscopy can be performed for diagnostic and a few operative indications by obstetriciangynecologists to help improve patient care Perhaps the most important indications for cystourethroscopy are to rule out cystotomy and intravesical or intraurethral suture or mesh placement and...

July 2007

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193.

Sterilization of Women Including Those With Mental Disabilities

Number 371

(Reaffirmed 2009)

ABSTRACT Sterilization like any other surgical procedure must be carried out under the general ethical principles of respect for autonomy beneficence and justice Women requesting sterilization should be encouraged to discuss their decision and associated issues with their husbands or other appropr...

July 2007

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194.

Institutional Responsibility to Provide Legal Representation

Number 370

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Hospitals academic institutions professional corporations and other health care organizations should have policies and procedures by which alleged violations of professional behavior can be reported and investigated These institutions should adopt policies on legal representation and inde...

July 2007

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195.

Seeking and Giving Consultation

Number 365

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Consultations usually are sought when practitioners with primary clinical responsibility recognize conditions or situations that are beyond their level of expertise or available resources One way to maximize prompt effective consultation and collegial relationships is to have a formal con...

May 2007

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196.

Patient Testing Ethical Issues in Selection and Counseling

Number 363

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Recommendations to patients about testing should be based on current medical knowledge a concern for the patients best interests and mutual consultation In addition to establishing a diagnosis testing provides opportunities to educate inform and advise The ethical principles of respect fo...

April 2007

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197.

Medical Futility

Number 362

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT The construct of medical futility has been used to justify a physicians unilateral refusal to provide treatment requested or demanded by a patient or the family of a patient It is important that physicians and their institutions develop a process for dealing with conflict surrounding the ...

March 2007

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198.

Commercial Enterprises in Medical Practice

Number 359

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Increasing numbers of physicians sell and promote both medical and nonmedical products as part of their practices Physicians always have rendered advice and treatment for a fee and this practice is appropriate It is unethical under most circumstances however for physicians to sell or prom...

January 2007

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199.

Innovative Practice: Ethical Guidelines

Number 352

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Innovations in medical practice are critical to the advancement of medicine Good clinicians constantly adapt and modify their clinical approaches in ways they believe will benefit patients Innovative practice frequently is approached very differently from formal research which is governed...

December 2006

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200.

Using Preimplantation Embryos for Research

Number 347

(Reaffirmed 2008)

ABSTRACT Human embryonic stem cell research promises an increased understanding of the molecular process underlying cell differentiation Transplantation of embryonic stem cells or their derivatives may in the future offer therapies for human diseases In this Committee Opinion the American College ...

November 2006

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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