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Title Date

Motivational Interviewing: A Tool for Behavior Change

Number 423

(Reaffirmed 2014)

Abstract Applying the principles of motivational interviewing to everyday patient interactions has been proved effective in eliciting behavior change that contributes to positive health outcomes and improved patientphysician communication Current Procedural Terminology codes are available to aid i...

January 2009

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Substance Abuse Reporting and Pregnancy: The Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Number 473

(Reaffirmed 2014)

Abstract Drug enforcement policies that deter women from seeking prenatal care are contrary to the welfare of the mother and fetus Incarceration and the threat of incarceration have proved to be ineffective in reducing the incidence of alcohol or drug abuse Obstetriciangynecologists should be awar...

January 2011

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Methamphetamine Abuse in Women of Reproductive Age

Number 479

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Methamphetamine abuse has continued to increase in the United States since the late 1980s with its use spreading from the West Coast to areas across the country Methamphetamine use in pregnancy endangers the health of the woman and increases the risk of low birth weight and small for gest...

March 2011

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Performance Enhancing Anabolic Steroid Abuse in Women

Number 484

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Anabolic steroids are composed of testosterone and other substances related to testosterone that promote growth of skeletal muscle increase hemoglobin concentration and mediate secondary sexual characteristics These substances have been in use since the 1930s to promote muscle growth impr...

April 2011

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At-Risk Drinking and Alcohol Dependence: Obstetric and Gynecologic Implications

Number 496

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Compared with men atrisk alcohol use by women has a disproportionate effect on their health and lives including reproductive function and pregnancy outcomes Obstetriciangynecologists have a key role in screening and providing brief intervention patient education and treatment referral for...

August 2011

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Intimate Partner Violence

Number 518

ABSTRACT Intimate partner violence IPV is a significant yet preventable public health problem that affects millions of women regardless of age economic status race religion ethnicity sexual orientation or educational background Individuals who are subjected to IPV may have lifelong consequences in...

February 2012

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Opioid Abuse, Dependence, and Addiction in Pregnancy

Number 524

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Opioid use in pregnancy is not uncommon and the use of illicit opioids during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes The current standard of care for pregnant women with opioid dependence is referral for opioidassisted therapy with methadone but emerging eviden...

May 2012

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Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs

Number 538

Reaffirmed 2014

ABSTRACT The nonmedical use of prescription drugs particularly opioids sedatives and stimulants has been cited as epidemic in the United States accounting for increasing numbers of emergency department visits and deaths from reactions and overdoses The prevalence of prescription drug abuse is simi...

October 2012

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Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice

Number 633

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 422, December 2008)

ABSTRACT Alcohol abuse and other substance use disorders are major often underdiagnosed health problems for women regardless of age race ethnicity and socioeconomic status and have resulting high costs for individuals and society The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edit...

June 2015

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Marijuana Use During Pregnancy and Lactation

Number 637

ABSTRACT Cannabis sativa marijuana is the illicit drug most commonly used during pregnancy The selfreported prevalence of marijuana use during pregnancy ranges from 2 to 5 in most studies A growing number of states are legalizing marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes and its use by preg...

July 2015

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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