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21.

Menstruation in Girls and Adolescents: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign

Committee Opinion Number 651, December 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion 349, November 2006)

ABSTRACT Despite variations worldwide and within the US population median age at menarche has remained relatively stablebetween 12 years and 13 yearsacross wellnourished populations in developed countries Environmental factors including socioeconomic conditions nutrition and access to preventive h...

December 2015

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22.

Methamphetamine Abuse in Women of Reproductive Age

Committee Opinion Number 479, March 2011

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Methamphetamine abuse has continued to increase in the United States since the late 1980s with its use spreading from the West Coast to areas across the country Methamphetamine use in pregnancy endangers the health of the woman and increases the risk of low birth weight and small for gest...

March 2011

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23.

Motivational Interviewing: A Tool for Behavior Change

Committee Opinion Number 423, January 2009

Reaffirmed 2016

Abstract Applying the principles of motivational interviewing to everyday patient interactions has been proved effective in eliciting behavior change that contributes to positive health outcomes and improved patientphysician communication Current Procedural Terminology codes are available to aid i...

January 2009

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24.

Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Through the Lifespan

Committee Opinion Number 569, August 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Oral health is an important component of general health and should be maintained during pregnancy and through a womans lifespan Maintaining good oral health may have a positive effect on cardiovascular disease diabetes and other disorders In 20072009 35 of US women reported that they did ...

August 2013

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25.

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Committee Opinion Number 595, May 2014

Abstract Preexposure prophylaxis is defined as the administration of antiretroviral medications to individuals who are not infected with human immunodeficiency virus HIV and are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV infection In combination with other proven HIVprevention methods preexposure prophy...

May 2014

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26.

Preparing for Clinical Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 590, March 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 487, April 2011)

ABSTRACT Patient care emergencies may occur at any time in any setting particularly the inpatient setting It is important that obstetriciangynecologists prepare themselves by assessing potential emergencies establishing early warning systems designating specialized first responders conducting emer...

March 2014

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27.

Professional Liability and Gynecology-Only Practice

Committee Opinion Number 567, July 2013

(Replaces No. 408, June 2008, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists may choose to limit the scope of their practices to gynecology and accordingly may choose not to carry professional liability coverage for obstetrics The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers early ...

July 2013

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28.

Reprocessed Single-Use Devices

Committee Opinion Number 537, October 2012

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT The reprocessing and reuse of singleuse instruments has become increasingly common Although there are limited data on reprocessed singleuse devices existing studies have found a significant rate of physical defects performance issues or improper decontamination There are currently no data...

October 2012

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29.

Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

Committee Opinion Number 596, May 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 411, August 2008)

Abstract Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus HIV can improve survival and reduce morbidity The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that females aged 1364 years be tested at least once in their li...

May 2014

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30.

Sexual Assault

Committee Opinion Number 592, April 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 499, August 2011)

ABSTRACT Reproductiveaged victims of sexual assault are at risk of unintended pregnancy sexually transmitted infections and mental health conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder Health care providers should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault and offer victims both emergenc...

April 2014

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31.

The Initial Reproductive Health Visit

Committee Opinion Number 598, May 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 460, July 2010, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT The initial visit for screening and the provision of reproductive preventive health care services and guidance should take place between the ages of 13 years and 15 years The initial reproductive health visit provides an excellent opportunity for the obstetriciangynecologist to start a pa...

May 2014

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32.

The Limits of Conscientious Refusal in Reproductive Medicine

Committee Opinion Number 385, November 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Health care providers occasionally may find that providing indicated even standard care would present for them a personal moral problema conflict of conscienceparticularly in the field of reproductive medicine Although respect for conscience is important conscientious refusals should be l...

November 2007

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33.

The Transition From Pediatric to Adult Health Care: Preventive Care for Young Women Aged 18-26 Years

Committee Opinion Number 626, March 2015

ABSTRACT Young women aged 1826 years are a heterogeneous population transitioning from adolescence into adulthood who may present with unique issues and challenges including a potential gap in health care after pediatric health care Obstetriciangynecologists should note that these patients may nee...

March 2015

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34.

Tobacco Use and Women's Health

Committee Opinion Number 503, September 2011

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Tobacco use negatively affects every organ system and is the most prevalent cause of premature death for adults within the United States Compared with women who are nonsmokers women who smoke cigarettes have greater risks of reproductive health problems many forms of gynecologic cancer an...

September 2011

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35.

Well-Woman Visit

Committee Opinion Number 534, August 2012

(Reaffirmed 2016)

Abstract The annual health assessment annual examination is a fundamental part of medical care and is valuable in promoting prevention practices recognizing risk factors for disease identifying medical problems and establishing the clinicianpatient relationship The annual health assessment should ...

August 2012

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