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121.

Marriage Equality for Same-Sex Couples

Committee Opinion Number 574, September 2013

(Replaces No. 428, February 2009)

ABSTRACT Samesex couples encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure stigma and discriminatory attitudes and treatment limited access to health care and health insurance and often a limited understanding of their health risks Samesex couples and the...

September 2013

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122.

Maternal-Fetal Intervention and Fetal Care Centers

Committee Opinion Number 501, August 2011

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT The past two decades have yielded profound advances in the fields of prenatal diagnosis and fetal intervention Although fetal interventions are driven by a beneficencebased motivation to improve fetal and neonatal outcomes advancement in fetal therapies raises ethical issues surrounding m...

August 2011

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123.

Maternal–Fetal Surgery for Myelomeningocele

Committee Opinion Number 550, January 2013

Reaffirmed 2015

ABSTRACT Myelomeningocele the most severe form of spina bifida occurs in approximately 1 in 1500 births in the United States Fetuses in whom myelomeningocele is diagnosed typically are delivered at term and are treated in the early neonatal period A recent randomized controlled trial found that fe...

January 2013

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124.

Medically Indicated Late-Preterm and Early-Term Deliveries

Committee Opinion Number 560, April 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT The neonatal risks of late preterm 34 0736 67 weeks of gestation and earlyterm 37 0738 67 weeks of gestation births are well established However there are a number of maternal fetal and placental complications in which either a latepreterm or earlyterm delivery is warranted The timing of ...

April 2013

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125.

Menstrual Manipulation for Adolescents With Physical and Developmental Disabilities

Committee Opinion Number 668, August 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 448, December 2009)

ABSTRACT For an adolescent with physical disabilities intellectual disabilities or both and for her caregivers menstruation can present significant challenges If after an evaluation the adolescent her family and the obstetriciangynecologist have decided that menstrual intervention is warranted adv...

August 2016

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126.

Menstruation in Girls and Adolescents: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign

Committee Opinion Number 651, December 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion 349, November 2006)

ABSTRACT Despite variations worldwide and within the US population median age at menarche has remained relatively stablebetween 12 years and 13 yearsacross wellnourished populations in developed countries Environmental factors including socioeconomic conditions nutrition and access to preventive h...

December 2015

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127.

Methamphetamine Abuse in Women of Reproductive Age

Committee Opinion Number 479, March 2011

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Methamphetamine abuse has continued to increase in the United States since the late 1980s with its use spreading from the West Coast to areas across the country Methamphetamine use in pregnancy endangers the health of the woman and increases the risk of low birth weight and small for gest...

March 2011

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128.

Method for Estimating Due Date

Committee Opinion Number 611, October 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. See also Committee Opinion No. 579)

ABSTRACT Accurate dating of pregnancy is important to improve outcomes and is a research and public health imperative As soon as data from the last menstrual period the first accurate ultrasound examination or both are obtained the gestational age and the estimated due date should be determined di...

October 2014

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129.

Microarrays and Next-Generation Sequencing Technology: The Use of Advanced Genetic Diagnostic Tools in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 682, December 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 581, December 2013)

ABSTRACT Genetic technology has advanced dramatically in the past few decades and its applications and use in caring for and counseling pregnant women has been transformational in the realm of prenatal diagnosis Two of the newer genetic technologies in the prenatal setting are chromosomal microarr...

December 2016

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130.

Misoprostol for Postabortion Care

Committee Opinion Number 427, February 2009

ABSTRACT The World Health Organization estimates that 67000 women mostly in developing countries die each year from untreated or inadequately treated abortion complications Postabortion care a term commonly used by the international reproductive health community refers to a specific set of service...

February 2009

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131.

Mode of Term Singleton Breech Delivery

Committee Opinion Number 340, July 2006

(Replaces No. 265, December 2001, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT In light of recent studies that further clarify the longterm risks of vaginal breech delivery the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that the decision regarding mode of delivery should depend on the experience of the health care provider Cesarean delivery will ...

July 2006

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132.

Moderate Caffeine Consumption During Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 462, August 2010

Reaffirmed 2015

ABSTRACT Moderate caffeine consumption less than 200 mg per day does not appear to be a major contributing factor in miscarriage or preterm birth The relationship of caffeine to growth restriction remains undetermined A final conclusion cannot be made at this time as to whether there is a correlat...

August 2010

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133.

Motivational Interviewing: A Tool for Behavior Change

Committee Opinion Number 423, January 2009

Reaffirmed 2016

Abstract Applying the principles of motivational interviewing to everyday patient interactions has been proved effective in eliciting behavior change that contributes to positive health outcomes and improved patientphysician communication Current Procedural Terminology codes are available to aid i...

January 2009

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134.

Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction

Committee Opinion Number 553, February 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 369, June 2007)

ABSTRACT Fertility treatments have contributed significantly to the increase in multifetal pregnancies The first approach to the problem of multifetal pregnancies should be prevention and strategies to limit multifetal pregnancies especially highorder multifetal pregnancies should be practiced by ...

February 2013

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135.

Müllerian Agenesis: Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment

Committee Opinion Number 562, May 2013

(Replaces No. 355, December 2006, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Müllerian agenesis occurs in 1 out of every 400010000 females The most common presentation of müllerian agenesis is congenital absence of the vagina uterus or both which also is referred to as müllerian aplasia MayerRokitanskyKüsterHauser syndrome or vaginal agenesis Satisfactory vaginal ...

May 2013

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136.

Nalbuphine Hydrochloride Use for Intrapartum Analgesia

Committee Opinion Number 376, August 2007

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Safety concerns have been raised regarding the use of nalbuphine hydrochloride during labor The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists finds data are insufficient to recommend any changes in nalbuphine hydrochloride administration at this time Opinion Nalbuphine hydrochloride...

August 2007

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137.

Newborn Screening and the Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Committee Opinion Number 616, January 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 481, March 2011)

ABSTRACT Newborn screening is a mandatory statebased public health program that provides all newborns in the United States with presymptomatic testing and necessary followup health care for a variety of medical conditions The goal of this essential public health program is to decrease morbidity an...

January 2015

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138.

Nongynecologic Procedures

Committee Opinion Number 253, March 2001

(Replaces Statement of Policy on Liposuction, January 1988, Reaffirmed 2015)

Cosmetic procedures such as laser hair removal body piercing tattoo removal and liposuction are not considered gynecologic procedures and therefore generally are not taught in approved obstetric and gynecologic residencies Because these are not considered gynecologic procedures it is inappropriate...

March 2001

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139.

Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs

Committee Opinion Number 538, October 2012

Reaffirmed 2014

ABSTRACT The nonmedical use of prescription drugs particularly opioids sedatives and stimulants has been cited as epidemic in the United States accounting for increasing numbers of emergency department visits and deaths from reactions and overdoses The prevalence of prescription drug abuse is simi...

October 2012

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140.

Nonmedically Indicated Early-Term Deliveries

Committee Opinion Number 561, April 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT For certain medical conditions available data and expert opinion support optimal timing of delivery in the latepreterm or earlyterm period for improved neonatal and infant outcomes However for nonmedically indicated earlyterm deliveries such an improvement has not been demonstrated Morbid...

April 2013

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