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Results 121–140 of 217
Title Date
121.

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for Fetal Aneuploidy

Number 545

ABSTRACT: Noninvasive prenatal testing that uses cell free fetal DNA from the plasma of pregnant women offers tremendous potential as a screening tool for fetal aneuploidy. Cell free fetal DNA testing should be an informed patient choice after pretest counseling and should not be part of routine p...

December 2012

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122.

Nonmedical use of Obstetric Ultrasonography

Number 297

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has endorsed the "Prudent Use" statement from the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) discouraging the use of obstetric ultrasonography for nonmedical purposes (eg, solely to create keepsake photographs or vid...

August 2004

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123.

Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs

Number 538

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The nonmedical use of prescription drugs, particularly opioids, sedatives, and stimulants, has been cited as epidemic in the United States, accounting for increasing numbers of emergency department visits and deaths from reactions and overdoses. The prevalence of prescription drug abuse ...

October 2012

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124.

Nonmedically Indicated Early-Term Deliveries

Number 561

ABSTRACT: For certain medical conditions, available data and expert opinion support optimal timing of delivery in the late-preterm or early-term period for improved neonatal and infant outcomes. However, for nonmedically indicated early-term deliveries such an improvement has not been demonstrated...

April 2013

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125.

Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy

Number 474

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 284, August 2003)

ABSTRACT: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Obstetric Practice acknowledges that the issue of nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy is an important concern for physicians who care for women. It is important for a physician to obtain an obstetric consultation bef...

February 2011

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126.

Obesity in Pregnancy

Number 549

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 315, September 2005)

ABSTRACT: In the United States, more than one third of women are obese, more than one half of pregnant women are overweight or obese, and 8% of reproductive-aged women are extremely obese, putting them at a greater risk of pregnancy complications. Therefore, preconception assessment and counseling...

January 2013

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127.

Obstetric Management of Patients with Spinal Cord Injuries

Number 275

(Reaffirmed 2005, Replaces No. 121, April 1993)

ABSTRACT: Effective rehabilitation and modern reproductive technology may increase the number of women considering pregnancy who have spinal cord injuries (SCIs). It is important that obstetricians caring for these patients are aware of the specific problems related to SCIs. Autonomic dysreflexia ...

September 2002

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128.

OnabotulinumtoxinA and the Bladder

Number 604

ABSTRACT: In January 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of onabotulinumtoxinA (also known as Botox A) for the treatment of overactive bladder, thus providing another treatment option for women. Symptoms of overactive bladder have been shown to significantly improve after ...

June 2014

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129.

Oocyte Cryopreservation

Number 584

ABSTRACT: In 2013, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Repro-ductive Technology published a joint document, Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation: A Guideline, which addresses advances in techniques to freeze human eggs that have resulted in significant recent impr...

January 2014

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130.

Opioid Abuse, Dependence, and Addiction in Pregnancy

Number 524

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Opioid use in pregnancy is not uncommon, and the use of illicit opioids during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes. The current standard of care for pregnant women with opioid dependence is referral for opioid-assisted therapy with methadone, but emerging e...

May 2012

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131.

Optimal Goals for Anesthesia Care in Obstetrics

Number 433

(Replaces No. 256, May 2001)

ABSTRACT: A joint statement from the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists was developed to address issues of concern to both specialties. Good obstetric care requires the availability of qualified personnel and equipment to administer ge...

May 2009

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132.

Options for Prevention and Management of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Adolescent Patients Undergoing

Number 606

ABSTRACT: Adolescents undergoing cancer treatment are at high risk of heavy menstrual bleeding, and gynecologists may be consulted either before the initiation of cancer treatment to request strategies for menstrual suppression or during an episode of severe heavy bleeding to stop the bleeding eme...

August 2014

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133.

Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Through the Lifespan

Number 569

ABSTRACT: Oral health is an important component of general health and should be maintained during pregnancy and through a woman’s lifespan. Maintaining good oral health may have a positive effect on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other disorders. In 2007–2009, 35% of U.S. women reported tha...

August 2013

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134.

Oral Intake During Labor

Number 441

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: There is insufficient evidence to address the safety of any particular fasting period for solids in obstetric patients. Expert opinion supports that patients undergoing either elective cesarean delivery or elective postpartum tubal ligation should undergo a fasting period of 6–8 hours. A...

September 2009

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135.

Over-the-Counter Access to Oral Contraceptives

Number 544

ABSTRACT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health problem in the United States. Access and cost issues are common reasons why women either do not use contraception or have gaps in use. A potential way to improve contraceptive access and use, and possibly decrease unintended pregnancy ra...

December 2012

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136.

Pain Relief During Labor

Number 295

(Reaffirmed 2008, Replaces No. 231, February 2000)

ABSTRACT: Pain management should be provided whenever medically indicated. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) believe that women requesting epidural analgesia during labor should not be deprived of this service based o...

July 2004

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137.

Partner Consent for Participation in Women's Reproductive Health Research

Number 307

(Reaffirmed 2008)

ABSTRACT: Recent advances in reproductive medicine include treatment of subfertility as well as investigation of agents that may serve as both contraceptives and potential prophylaxis against sexually transmitted diseases, including potential protection from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Alt...

December 2004

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138.

Partnering With Patients to Improve Safety

Number 490

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 320, November 2005)

ABSTRACT: Actively involving patients in the planning of health services is recommended as a means of improving the quality of care. This can increase patient engagement and reduce risk resulting in improved outcomes, satisfaction, and treatment adherence. Introduction The foundation for a posi...

May 2011

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139.

Patents Medicine and the Interests of Patients

Number 364

(Reaffirmed 2009)

ABSTRACT: Many basic scientists and clinicians support the right to obtain and enforce patents on drugs, diagnostic tests, medical devices, and most recently, genes. Although those who develop useful drugs, diagnostic and screening tests, and medical technologies have the right to expect a fair re...

May 2007

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140.

Patient Safety and the Electronic Health Record

Number 472

ABSTRACT: The electronic health record (EHR) has the potential to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of patient care when fully implemented, yet adoption of this tool has been slow. The advantages of the EHR include facilitating improved communication between health care providers; assist...

November 2010

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