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41.

Concerns Regarding Social Media and Health Issues in Adolescents and Young Adults

Committee Opinion Number 653, February 2016

ABSTRACT Although there are many positive aspects of social media for adolescents and young adults there are also risks Adolescence is a time of significant developmental changes during which adolescents exhibit a limited capacity for selfregulation and an increased risk of susceptibility to peer ...

February 2016

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42.

Coping With the Stress of Medical Professional Liability Litigation

Committee Opinion Number 551, January 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 497, August 2011)

ABSTRACT Obstetriciangynecologists should recognize that being a defendant in a medical professional liability lawsuit can be one of lifes most stressful experiences Negative emotions in response to a lawsuit are normal and physicians may need help from family members peers or professionals to cop...

January 2013

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43.

Cultural Sensitivity and Awareness in the Delivery of Health Care

Committee Opinion Number 493, May 2011

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Communication with patients can be improved and patient care enhanced if health care providers can bridge the divide between the culture of medicine and the beliefs and practices that make up patients value systems These may be based on ethnic heritage nationality of family origin age rel...

May 2011

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44.

Definition of Term Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 579, November 2013

Reaffirmed 2015

ABSTRACT In the past the period from 3 weeks before until 2 weeks after the estimated date of delivery was considered term with the expectation that neonatal outcomes from deliveries in this interval were uniform and good Increasingly however research has shown that neonatal outcomes especially re...

November 2013

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45.

Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping After Birth

Committee Opinion Number 684, January 2017

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 543, December 2012)

ABSTRACT Delayed umbilical cord clamping appears to be beneficial for term and preterm infants In term infants delayed umbilical cord clamping increases hemoglobin levels at birth and improves iron stores in the first several months of life which may have a favorable effect on developmental outcom...

January 2017

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46.

Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate and Bone Effects

Committee Opinion Number 602, June 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 415, September 2008) (Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate DMPA is a highly effective injectable contraceptive that affords privacy and has a convenient dose schedule of four times per year making it appealing to many users especially adolescents Although the use of DMPA is associated with loss of bone mineral de...

June 2014

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47.

Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Testing

Committee Opinion Number 409, June 2008

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Marketing of genetic testing although similar to directtoconsumer advertising of prescription drugs raises additional concerns and considerations These include issues of limited knowledge among patients and health care providers of available genetic tests difficulty in interpretation of g...

June 2008

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48.

Disclosure and Discussion of Adverse Events

Committee Opinion Number 681, December 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 520, March 2012)

ABSTRACT Adverse outcomes preventable or otherwise are a reality of medical care Most importantly adverse events affect patients but they also affect health care practitioners Disclosing information about adverse events has benefits for the patient and the physician and ideally strengthens the pat...

December 2016

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49.

Dual Therapy for Gonococcal Infections

Committee Opinion Number 645, November 2015

ABSTRACT Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States with an estimated 820000 new Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections occurring each year Antimicrobial resistance limits treatment success heightens the risk of complications and may facili...

November 2015

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50.

Effective Patient–Physician Communication

Committee Opinion Number 587, February 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 492, May 2011)

ABSTRACT Physicians ability to effectively and compassionately communicate information is key to a successful patientphysician relationship The current health care environment demands increasing clinical productivity and affords less time with each patient which can impede effective patientphysici...

February 2014

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51.

Elder Abuse and Women's Health

Committee Opinion Number 568, July 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Elder abuse a violation of human rights is defined as a single or repeated act or lack of appropriate actions which causes harm risk of harm or distress to an individual 60 years or older As many as 1 in 10 older adults have been victims of elder abuse Most cases of abuse occur in women T...

July 2013

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52.

Elective Coincidental Appendectomy

Committee Opinion Number 323, November 2005

(Replaces No. 164, December 1995, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Because of a lack of evidence from randomized trials it remains unclear whether the benefits of routine elective coincidental appendectomy outweigh the cost and risk of morbidity associated with this prophylactic procedure Because the riskbenefit analysis varies according to patient age a...

November 2005

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53.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Committee Opinion Number 578, November 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information such as information on the Internet has prompted more patientgenerated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended Depending on the context acceding to a request for a su...

November 2013

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54.

Emergent Therapy for Acute-Onset, Severe Hypertension During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period

Committee Opinion Number 623, February 2015

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 514, December 2011)

ABSTRACT Acuteonset severe systolic hypertension severe diastolic hypertension or both can occur in pregnant women or women in the postpartum period Introducing standardized evidencebased clinical guidelines for the management of patients with preeclampsia and eclampsia has been demonstrated to re...

February 2015

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55.

Empathy in Womens Health Care

Committee Opinion Number 480, March 2011

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Empathy is the process through which one attempts to project oneself into anothers life and imagine a situation from his or her point of view Most individuals do have an innate capacity to show empathy toward others Empathy is as important to being a good physician as technical competence...

March 2011

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56.

End of Life Decision Making

Committee Opinion Number 617, January 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 403, April 2008)

ABSTRACT Obstetriciangynecologists care for women throughout their lifespans and are in an ideal position to have ongoing discussions with healthy patients about their values and wishes regarding future care and to encourage them to complete an advance directive for health care In addition situati...

January 2015

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57.

Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Committee Opinion Number 631, May 2015

ABSTRACT Endometrial hyperplasia is of clinical significance because it is often a precursor lesion to adenocarcinoma of the endometrium Making the distinction between hyperplasia and true precancerous lesions or true neoplasia has significant clinical effect because their differing cancer risks m...

May 2015

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58.

Ethical Considerations for Including Women as Research Participants

Committee Opinion Number 646, November 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 307, December 2004
and Committee Opinion No. 377, September 2007)

ABSTRACT Inclusion of women in research studies is necessary for valid inferences about health and disease in women The generalization of results from trials conducted in men may yield erroneous conclusions that fail to account for the biologic differences between men and women Although significan...

November 2015

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59.

Ethical Considerations for Performing Gynecologic Surgery in Low-Resource Settings Abroad

Committee Opinion Number 466, September 2010

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT International humanitarian medical efforts provide essential services to patients who would not otherwise have access to specific health care services The Committees on Ethics and Global Womens Health of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourage College Fellows and...

September 2010

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60.

Ethical Decision Making in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 390, December 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Physicians vary widely in their familiarity with ethical theories and methods and their sensitivity toward ethical issues It is important for physicians to improve their skills in addressing ethical questions Obstetriciangynecologists who are familiar with the concepts of medical ethics w...

December 2007

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