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Results 81–100 of 106
Title Date

Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Number 535

ABSTRACT Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the US correctional system Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high rates ...

August 2012

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Risk of Venous Thromboembolism Among Users of Drospirenone-Containing Oral Contraceptive Pills

Number 540

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Although the risk of venous thromboembolism is increased among oral contraceptive users compared with nonusers who are not pregnant and not taking hormones and some data have suggested that use of drospirenonecontaining pills has a higher risk of venous thromboembolism this risk is still ...

November 2012

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Robotic Surgery in Gynecology

Number 628

ABSTRACT The field of robotic surgery has developed rapidly and its use for gynecologic conditions has grown exponentially Surgeons should be skilled at abdominal and laparoscopic approaches for a specific procedure before undertaking robotic approaches Surgeon training competency guidelines and q...

March 2015

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Salpingectomy for Ovarian Cancer Prevention

Number 620

ABSTRACT Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate out of all types of gynecologic cancer and is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women Current attempts at screening for ovarian cancer have been unsuccessful and are associated with falsepositive test results that lead to unnecess...

January 2015

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Sexual Assault

Number 592

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 499, August 2011)

ABSTRACT Reproductiveaged victims of sexual assault are at risk of unintended pregnancy sexually transmitted infections and mental health conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder Health care providers should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault and offer victims both emergenc...

April 2014

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Solutions for Surgical Preparation of the Vagina

Number 571

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Currently only povidoneiodine preparations are approved for vaginal surgicalsite antisepsis However there are compelling reasons to consider chlorhexidine gluconate solutions for offlabel use in surgical preparation of the vagina especially in women with allergies to iodine Although chlor...

September 2013

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Statement on Surgical Assistants

Number 240

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 145, November 1994)

Competent surgical assistants should be available for all major obstetric and gynecologic operations In many cases the complexity of the surgery or the patients condition will require the assistance of one or more physicians to provide safe quality care Often the complexity of a given surgical pro...

August 2000

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Sterilization of Women Including Those With Mental Disabilities

Number 371

(Reaffirmed 2009)

ABSTRACT Sterilization like any other surgical procedure must be carried out under the general ethical principles of respect for autonomy beneficence and justice Women requesting sterilization should be encouraged to discuss their decision and associated issues with their husbands or other appropr...

July 2007

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Surrogate Motherhood

Number 397

ABSTRACT Ethical responsibilities are described for obstetriciangynecologists who choose to participate in surrogacy arrangements by 1 advising couples who are considering surrogacy 2 counseling potential surrogate mothers 3 providing obstetric services for pregnant women participating in surrogac...

February 2008

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Tamoxifen and Uterine Cancer

Number 601

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 336, June 2006)

ABSTRACT Tamoxifen a nonsteroidal antiestrogen agent is widely used as adjunctive therapy for women with breast cancer and it has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for adjuvant treatment of breast cancer treatment of metastatic breast cancer and reduction in breast cancer incide...

June 2014

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The Importance of Vital Records and Statistics for the Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Number 639

ABSTRACT Information from vital records is critical to identify and quantify healthrelated issues and to measure progress toward quality improvement and public health goals In particular maternal and infant mortality serve as important indicators of the nations health thereby influencing policy de...

September 2015

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The Initial Reproductive Health Visit

Number 598

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 460, July 2010)

ABSTRACT The initial visit for screening and the provision of reproductive preventive health care services and guidance should take place between the ages of 13 years and 15 years The initial reproductive health visit provides an excellent opportunity for the obstetriciangynecologist to start a pa...

May 2014

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The Limits of Conscientious Refusal in Reproductive Medicine

Number 385

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Health care providers occasionally may find that providing indicated even standard care would present for them a personal moral problema conflict of conscienceparticularly in the field of reproductive medicine Although respect for conscience is important conscientious refusals should be l...

November 2007

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The Role of Cystourethroscopy in the Generalist Obstetrician-Gynecologist Practice

Number 372

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Cystourethroscopy can be performed for diagnostic and a few operative indications by obstetriciangynecologists to help improve patient care Perhaps the most important indications for cystourethroscopy are to rule out cystotomy and intravesical or intraurethral suture or mesh placement and...

July 2007

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The Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist in the Early Detection of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Number 477

(Replaces No. 280, December 2002)

ABSTRACT Epithelial ovarian cancer is most commonly detected in an advanced stage when the overall 5year survival rate is 2030 Detection of earlystage ovarian cancer results in improved survival Currently there is no effective strategy for ovarian cancer screening Women with persistent and progres...

March 2011

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The Role of Transvaginal Ultrasonography in the Evaluation of Postmenopausal Bleeding

Number 440

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT The clinical approach to postmenopausal bleeding requires prompt and efficient evaluation to exclude or diagnose carcinoma Women with postmenopausal bleeding may be assessed initially with either endometrial biopsy or transvaginal ultrasonography this initial evaluation does not require p...

August 2009

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The Transition From Pediatric to Adult Health Care: Preventive Care for Young Women Aged 18-26 Years

Number 626

ABSTRACT Young women aged 1826 years are a heterogeneous population transitioning from adolescence into adulthood who may present with unique issues and challenges including a potential gap in health care after pediatric health care Obstetriciangynecologists should note that these patients may nee...

March 2015

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Tobacco Use and Women's Health

Number 503

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Tobacco use negatively affects every organ system and is the most prevalent cause of premature death for adults within the United States Compared with women who are nonsmokers women who smoke cigarettes have greater risks of reproductive health problems many forms of gynecologic cancer an...

September 2011

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Tubal Ligation with Cesarean Delivery

Number 205

Tubal ligation at the time of cesarean delivery requires significant additional physician work even though the technical work of the procedure is brief Informed consent by the patient requires considerably more counseling by the physician regarding potential risks and benefits of this procedure th...

August 1998

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Understanding and Using the U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2010

Number 505

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT The 2010 US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use US MEC issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention gives comprehensive evidencebased guidance to clinicians providing family planning services to women especially women with medical conditions The American College...

September 2011

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998