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Title Date
1.

Access to Postpartum Sterilization

Number 530

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Postpartum tubal sterilization is one of the safest and most effective methods of contraception Women who desire this type of sterilization typically undergo thorough counseling and informed consent during prenatal care and reiterate their desire for postpartum sterilization at the time o...

July 2012

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2.

Adult Manifestations of Childhood Sexual Abuse

Number 498

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Longterm effects of childhood sexual abuse are varied complex and often devastating Many obstetriciangynecologists knowingly or unknowingly provide care to abuse survivors and should screen all women for a history of such abuse Depression anxiety and anger are the most commonly reported e...

August 2011

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3.

At-Risk Drinking and Alcohol Dependence: Obstetric and Gynecologic Implications

Number 496

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Compared with men atrisk alcohol use by women has a disproportionate effect on their health and lives including reproductive function and pregnancy outcomes Obstetriciangynecologists have a key role in screening and providing brief intervention patient education and treatment referral for...

August 2011

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4.

Avoiding Inappropriate Clinical Decisions Based on False-Positive Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Test Results

Number 278

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Clinically significant falsepositive human chorionic gonadotropin hCG test results are rare However some individuals have circulating factors in their serum eg heterophilic antibodies or nonactive forms of hCG that interact with the hCG antibody and cause unusual or unexpected test result...

November 2002

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5.

Benefits to Women of Medicaid Expansion Through the Affordable Care Act

Number 552

ABSTRACT Many US women are uninsured and face avoidable adverse obstetric and gynecologic health outcomes The Affordable Care Act requires an expansion of Medicaid that would increase the percentage of US women with health insurance with the anticipated benefit of improved health The 2012 Supreme ...

January 2013

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6.

Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Testing

Number 409

Reaffirmed 2014

ABSTRACT Marketing of genetic testing although similar to directtoconsumer advertising of prescription drugs raises additional concerns and considerations These include issues of limited knowledge among patients and health care providers of available genetic tests difficulty in interpretation of g...

June 2008

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7.

Disclosure and Discussion of Adverse Events

Number 520

(Replaces No. 380, October 2007, Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Disclosure and discussion of adverse events in health care with the patient are morally and ethically necessary to achieve the optimal goal of respecting patient autonomy Improving the disclosure process through education policies programmatic training and accessible resources will enhanc...

March 2012

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8.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Number 578

(Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information such as information on the Internet has prompted more patientgenerated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended Depending on the context acceding to a request for a su...

November 2013

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9.

Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing

Number 410

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Genetic testing is poised to play an increasing role in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology To assure patients of the highest quality of care physicians should become familiar with the currently available array of genetic tests and the tests limitations Clinicians should be able to ...

June 2008

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10.

Ethical Issues With Vaccination for the Obstetrician–Gynecologist

Number 564

ABSTRACT Because of the growing importance of infectious disease prevention in the individual patient and the larger community it is vital that Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists be prepared to navigate the practical and ethical challenges that come with vaccination...

May 2013

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11.

Family History as a Risk Assessment Tool

Number 478

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Family history plays a critical role in assessing the risk of inherited medical conditions and single gene disorders Several methods have been established to obtain family medical histories including the family history questionnaire or checklist and the pedigree The screening tool selecte...

March 2011

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12.

Health Care for Unauthorized Immigrants

Number 627

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 425, January 2009)

ABSTRACT Unauthorized undocumented immigrants are less likely than other residents of the United States to have health insurance The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has long supported a basic health care package for all women living within the United States without regard to th...

March 2015

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13.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 389

ABSTRACT Because human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing an obstetriciangynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV Universal testing with patient notification and rig...

December 2007

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14.

Integrating Immunizations Into Practice

Number 558

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Given demonstrated vaccine efficacy safety and the large potential for prevention of many infectious diseases among adults newborns and pregnant women obstetriciangynecologists should embrace immunizations as an integral part of their womens health care practice To provide direct examples...

April 2013

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15.

Intimate Partner Violence

Number 518

ABSTRACT Intimate partner violence IPV is a significant yet preventable public health problem that affects millions of women regardless of age economic status race religion ethnicity sexual orientation or educational background Individuals who are subjected to IPV may have lifelong consequences in...

February 2012

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16.

Methamphetamine Abuse in Women of Reproductive Age

Number 479

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Methamphetamine abuse has continued to increase in the United States since the late 1980s with its use spreading from the West Coast to areas across the country Methamphetamine use in pregnancy endangers the health of the woman and increases the risk of low birth weight and small for gest...

March 2011

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17.

Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction

Number 553

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 369, June 2007)

ABSTRACT Fertility treatments have contributed significantly to the increase in multifetal pregnancies The first approach to the problem of multifetal pregnancies should be prevention and strategies to limit multifetal pregnancies especially highorder multifetal pregnancies should be practiced by ...

February 2013

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18.

Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Through the Lifespan

Number 569

ABSTRACT Oral health is an important component of general health and should be maintained during pregnancy and through a womans lifespan Maintaining good oral health may have a positive effect on cardiovascular disease diabetes and other disorders In 20072009 35 of US women reported that they did ...

August 2013

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19.

Ovarian Reserve Testing

Number 618

ABSTRACT The main goal of ovarian reserve testing is to identify those individuals who are at risk of decreased or diminished ovarian reserve commonly known as DOR Although ovarian reserve testing cannot predict the end of ones reproductive years results outside the range expected for a patients a...

January 2015

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20.

Perinatal Risks Associated With Assisted Reproductive Technology

Number 324

(Reaffirmed 2007)

ABSTRACT Over the past two decades the use of assisted reproductive technology ART has increased dramatically worldwide and has made pregnancy possible for many infertile couples A growing body of evidence suggests an association between pregnancies resulting from ART and perinatal morbidity possi...

November 2005

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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