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1.

Access to Postpartum Sterilization

Committee Opinion Number 530, July 2012

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Postpartum tubal sterilization is one of the safest and most effective methods of contraception Women who desire this type of sterilization typically undergo thorough counseling and informed consent during prenatal care and reiterate their desire for postpartum sterilization at the time o...

July 2012

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2.

Amnioinfusion Does Not Prevent Meconium Aspiration Syndrome

Committee Opinion Number 346, October 2006

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Amnioinfusion has been advocated as a technique to reduce the incidence of meconium aspiration and to improve neonatal outcome However a large proportion of women with meconiumstained amniotic fluid have infants who have taken in meconium within the trachea or bronchioles before meconium ...

October 2006

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3.

Analgesia and Cesarean Delivery Rates

Committee Opinion Number 339, June 2006

(Reaffirmed 2016, Replaces No. 269, February 2002)

ABSTRACT Neuraxial analgesia techniques are the most effective and least depressant treatments for labor pain The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists previously recommended that practitioners delay initiating epidural analgesia in nulliparous women until the cervical dilatation rea...

June 2006

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4.

Antenatal Corticosteroid Therapy for Fetal Maturation

Committee Opinion Number 677, October 2016

ABSTRACT Corticosteroid administration before anticipated preterm birth is one of the most important antenatal therapies available to improve newborn outcomes A single course of corticosteroids is recommended for pregnant women between 24 07 weeks and 33 67 weeks of gestation including for those w...

October 2016

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5.

Cesarean Delivery on Maternal Request

Committee Opinion Number 559, April 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Cesarean delivery on maternal request is defined as a primary prelabor cesarean delivery on maternal request in the absence of any maternal or fetal indications Potential risks of cesarean delivery on maternal request include a longer maternal hospital stay an increased risk of respirator...

April 2013

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6.

Definition of Term Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 579, November 2013

Reaffirmed 2015

ABSTRACT In the past the period from 3 weeks before until 2 weeks after the estimated date of delivery was considered term with the expectation that neonatal outcomes from deliveries in this interval were uniform and good Increasingly however research has shown that neonatal outcomes especially re...

November 2013

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7.

Emergent Therapy for Acute-Onset, Severe Hypertension During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period

Committee Opinion Number 623, February 2015

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 514, December 2011)

ABSTRACT Acuteonset severe systolic hypertension severe diastolic hypertension or both can occur in pregnant women or women in the postpartum period Introducing standardized evidencebased clinical guidelines for the management of patients with preeclampsia and eclampsia has been demonstrated to re...

February 2015

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8.

Health Care for Pregnant and Postpartum Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Committee Opinion Number 511, November 2011

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Clinicians who provide care for incarcerated women should be aware of the special health care needs of pregnant incarcerated women and the specific issues related to the use of restraints during pregnancy and the postpartum period The use of restraints on pregnant incarcerated women and a...

November 2011

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9.

Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care

Committee Opinion Number 555, March 2013

ABSTRACT Numerous occurrences in the past decade have brought the issue of disaster preparedness and specifically hospital preparedness to the national forefront Much of the work in this area has focused on large hospital system preparedness for various disaster scenarios Many unique features of t...

March 2013

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10.

Hospital-Based Triage of Obstetric Patients

Committee Opinion Number 667, July 2016

ABSTRACT Emergency departments typically have structured triage guidelines for health care providers encountering the diverse cases that may present to their units Such guidelines aid in determining which patients must be evaluated promptly and which may wait safely and aid in determining anticipa...

July 2016

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11.

Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception

Committee Opinion Number 670, August 2016

ABSTRACT Immediate postpartum longacting reversible contraception LARC has the potential to reduce unintended and shortinterval pregnancy Women should be counseled about all forms of postpartum contraception in a context that allows informed decision making Immediate postpartum LARC should be offe...

August 2016

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12.

Immersion in Water During Labor and Delivery

Committee Opinion Number 679, November 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 594, April 2014)

ABSTRACT Immersion in water during labor or delivery has been popularized over the past several decades The prevalence of this practice in the United States is uncertain because it has not been studied in births outside of the home and birth centers and the data are not recorded on birth certifica...

November 2016

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13.

Labor Induction or Augmentation and Autism

Committee Opinion Number 597, May 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016)

Abstract Functional oxytocin deficiency and a faulty oxytocin signaling pathway have been observed in conjunction with autism spectrum disorder ASD Because exogenous synthetic oxytocin commonly is administered for labor induction and augmentation some have hypothesized that synthetic oxytocin used...

May 2014

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14.

Magnesium Sulfate Before Anticipated Preterm Birth for Neuroprotection

Committee Opinion Number 455, March 2010

Reaffirmed 2015

Abstract Numerous large clinical studies have evaluated the evidence regarding magnesium sulfate neuroprotection and preterm births The Committee on Obstetric Practice and the Society for MaternalFetal Medicine recognize that none of the individual studies found a benefit with regard to their prim...

March 2010

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15.

Magnesium Sulfate Use in Obstetrics

Committee Opinion Number 652, January 2016

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 573, September 2013)

ABSTRACT The US Food and Drug Administration advises against the use of magnesium sulfate injections for more than 57 days to stop preterm labor in pregnant women Based on this the drug classification was changed from Category A to Category D and the labeling was changed to include this new warnin...

January 2016

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16.

Medically Indicated Late-Preterm and Early-Term Deliveries

Committee Opinion Number 560, April 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT The neonatal risks of late preterm 34 0736 67 weeks of gestation and earlyterm 37 0738 67 weeks of gestation births are well established However there are a number of maternal fetal and placental complications in which either a latepreterm or earlyterm delivery is warranted The timing of ...

April 2013

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17.

Method for Estimating Due Date

Committee Opinion Number 611, October 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. See also Committee Opinion No. 579)

ABSTRACT Accurate dating of pregnancy is important to improve outcomes and is a research and public health imperative As soon as data from the last menstrual period the first accurate ultrasound examination or both are obtained the gestational age and the estimated due date should be determined di...

October 2014

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18.

Mode of Term Singleton Breech Delivery

Committee Opinion Number 340, July 2006

(Replaces No. 265, December 2001, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT In light of recent studies that further clarify the longterm risks of vaginal breech delivery the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that the decision regarding mode of delivery should depend on the experience of the health care provider Cesarean delivery will ...

July 2006

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19.

Nalbuphine Hydrochloride Use for Intrapartum Analgesia

Committee Opinion Number 376, August 2007

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Safety concerns have been raised regarding the use of nalbuphine hydrochloride during labor The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists finds data are insufficient to recommend any changes in nalbuphine hydrochloride administration at this time Opinion Nalbuphine hydrochloride...

August 2007

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20.

Nonmedically Indicated Early-Term Deliveries

Committee Opinion Number 561, April 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT For certain medical conditions available data and expert opinion support optimal timing of delivery in the latepreterm or earlyterm period for improved neonatal and infant outcomes However for nonmedically indicated earlyterm deliveries such an improvement has not been demonstrated Morbid...

April 2013

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