Search Results

Return to List
Results 1–19 of 19
Sort By: Relevance | Date | Title


Committee Opinion Number 528, June 2012

(Replaces No. 368, June 2007, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Obstetriciangynecologists may find themselves at the center of adoption issues because of their expertise in the assessment and management of infertility pregnancy and childbirth The lack of clarity about both ethical issues and legal consequences may create challenges for physicians Ther...

June 2012

PDF Format

Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice

Committee Opinion Number 633, June 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 422, December 2008)

ABSTRACT Alcohol abuse and other substance use disorders are major often underdiagnosed health problems for women regardless of age race ethnicity and socioeconomic status and have resulting high costs for individuals and society The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edit...

June 2015

PDF Format

Cervical Cancer Screening in Low-Resource Settings

Committee Opinion Number 624, February 2015

ABSTRACT Cytologybased cervical cancer screening programs require a number of elements to be successful Certain lowresource settings like the US Affiliated Pacific Islands lack these elements Implementing alternative cervical cancer screening strategies in lowresource settings can provide consiste...

February 2015

PDF Format

Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Testing

Committee Opinion Number 409, June 2008

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Marketing of genetic testing although similar to directtoconsumer advertising of prescription drugs raises additional concerns and considerations These include issues of limited knowledge among patients and health care providers of available genetic tests difficulty in interpretation of g...

June 2008

PDF Format

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Committee Opinion Number 578, November 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information such as information on the Internet has prompted more patientgenerated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended Depending on the context acceding to a request for a su...

November 2013

PDF Format

Empathy in Womens Health Care

Committee Opinion Number 480, March 2011

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Empathy is the process through which one attempts to project oneself into anothers life and imagine a situation from his or her point of view Most individuals do have an innate capacity to show empathy toward others Empathy is as important to being a good physician as technical competence...

March 2011

PDF Format

End of Life Decision Making

Committee Opinion Number 617, January 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 403, April 2008)

ABSTRACT Obstetriciangynecologists care for women throughout their lifespans and are in an ideal position to have ongoing discussions with healthy patients about their values and wishes regarding future care and to encourage them to complete an advance directive for health care In addition situati...

January 2015

PDF Format

Ethical Considerations for Including Women as Research Participants

Committee Opinion Number 646, November 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 307, December 2004
and Committee Opinion No. 377, September 2007)

ABSTRACT Inclusion of women in research studies is necessary for valid inferences about health and disease in women The generalization of results from trials conducted in men may yield erroneous conclusions that fail to account for the biologic differences between men and women Although significan...

November 2015

PDF Format

Ethical Considerations for Performing Gynecologic Surgery in Low-Resource Settings Abroad

Committee Opinion Number 466, September 2010

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT International humanitarian medical efforts provide essential services to patients who would not otherwise have access to specific health care services The Committees on Ethics and Global Womens Health of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourage College Fellows and...

September 2010

PDF Format

Ethical Decision Making in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 390, December 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Physicians vary widely in their familiarity with ethical theories and methods and their sensitivity toward ethical issues It is important for physicians to improve their skills in addressing ethical questions Obstetriciangynecologists who are familiar with the concepts of medical ethics w...

December 2007

PDF Format

Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing

Committee Opinion Number 410, June 2008

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Genetic testing is poised to play an increasing role in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology To assure patients of the highest quality of care physicians should become familiar with the currently available array of genetic tests and the tests limitations Clinicians should be able to ...

June 2008

PDF Format

Forming a Just Health Care System

Committee Opinion Number 456, March 2010

ABSTRACT In this Committee Opinion the Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists endorses the Colleges ongoing efforts to promote a just health care system explores justifications that inform just health care and identifies professional responsibilities to guid...

March 2010

PDF Format

Guidelines for Adolescent Health Research

Committee Opinion Number 665, June 2016

ABSTRACT Considerable uncertainty exists about what constitutes appropriate levels of protection for adolescents as research participants and about the need for parental permission The ethical principles that govern research include respect for individuals beneficence and justice as articulated in...

June 2016

PDF Format

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Committee Opinion Number 389, December 2007

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Because human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing an obstetriciangynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV Universal testing with patient notification and rig...

December 2007

PDF Format

Informed Consent

Committee Opinion Number 439, August 2009

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Obtaining informed consent for medical treatment for participation in medical research and for participation in teaching exercises involving students and residents is an ethical requirement that is partially reflected in legal doctrines and requirements As an ethical doctrine informed con...

August 2009

PDF Format

Maternal-Fetal Intervention and Fetal Care Centers

Committee Opinion Number 501, August 2011

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT The past two decades have yielded profound advances in the fields of prenatal diagnosis and fetal intervention Although fetal interventions are driven by a beneficencebased motivation to improve fetal and neonatal outcomes advancement in fetal therapies raises ethical issues surrounding m...

August 2011

PDF Format

Patient Testing Ethical Issues in Selection and Counseling

Committee Opinion Number 363, April 2007

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Recommendations to patients about testing should be based on current medical knowledge a concern for the patients best interests and mutual consultation In addition to establishing a diagnosis testing provides opportunities to educate inform and advise The ethical principles of respect fo...

April 2007

PDF Format

Refusal of Medically Recommended Treatment During Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 664, June 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 321, November 2005)

ABSTRACT One of the most challenging scenarios in obstetric care occurs when a pregnant patient refuses recommended medical treatment that aims to support her wellbeing her fetuss wellbeing or both In such circumstances the obstetriciangynecologists ethical obligation to safeguard the pregnant wom...

June 2016

PDF Format

The Limits of Conscientious Refusal in Reproductive Medicine

Committee Opinion Number 385, November 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Health care providers occasionally may find that providing indicated even standard care would present for them a personal moral problema conflict of conscienceparticularly in the field of reproductive medicine Although respect for conscience is important conscientious refusals should be l...

November 2007

PDF Format

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998