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Title Date
1.

Partner Consent for Participation in Women's Reproductive Health Research

Number 307

(Reaffirmed 2008)

ABSTRACT Recent advances in reproductive medicine include treatment of subfertility as well as investigation of agents that may serve as both contraceptives and potential prophylaxis against sexually transmitted diseases including potential protection from human immunodeficiency virus HIV Although...

December 2004

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2.

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Women's Health

Number 317

ABSTRACT Significant racial and ethnic disparities exist in womens health These health disparities largely result from differences in socioeconomic status and insurance status Although many disparities diminish after taking these factors into account some remain because of health care systemlevel ...

October 2005

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3.

Maternal Decision Making Ethics and the Law

Number 321

ABSTRACT Recent legal actions and policies aimed at protecting the fetus as an entity separate from the woman have challenged the rights of pregnant women to make decisions about medical interventions and have criminalized maternal behavior that is believed to be associated with fetal harm or adve...

November 2005

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4.

Breastfeeding: Maternal and Infant Aspects

Number 361

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Evidence continues to mount regarding the value of breastfeeding for both women and their infants The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists strongly supports breastfeeding and calls on its Fellows other health care professionals caring for women and their infants hospitals a...

February 2007

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5.

Medical Futility

Number 362

(Reaffirmed 2008)

ABSTRACT The construct of medical futility has been used to justify a physicians unilateral refusal to provide treatment requested or demanded by a patient or the family of a patient It is important that physicians and their institutions develop a process for dealing with conflict surrounding the ...

March 2007

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6.

Patient Testing Ethical Issues in Selection and Counseling

Number 363

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT Recommendations to patients about testing should be based on current medical knowledge a concern for the patients best interests and mutual consultation In addition to establishing a diagnosis testing provides opportunities to educate inform and advise The ethical principles of respect fo...

April 2007

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7.

Research Involving Women

Number 377

ABSTRACT All women should be presumed to be eligible for participation in clinical studies The potential for pregnancy should not automatically exclude a woman from participating in a clinical study although the use of contraception may be required for participation Research objectives should not ...

September 2007

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8.

The Limits of Conscientious Refusal in Reproductive Medicine

Number 385

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Health care providers occasionally may find that providing indicated even standard care would present for them a personal moral problema conflict of conscienceparticularly in the field of reproductive medicine Although respect for conscience is important conscientious refusals should be l...

November 2007

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9.

Ethical Decision Making in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 390

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Physicians vary widely in their familiarity with ethical theories and methods and their sensitivity toward ethical issues It is important for physicians to improve their skills in addressing ethical questions Obstetriciangynecologists who are familiar with the concepts of medical ethics w...

December 2007

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10.

At-Risk Drinking and Illicit Drug Use Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice

Number 422

(Replaces No. 294, May 2004)

ABSTRACT Drug and alcohol abuse is a major health problem for American women regardless of their socioeconomic status race ethnicity and age It is costly to individuals and to society Obstetriciangynecologists have an ethical obligation to learn and use a protocol for universal screening questions...

December 2008

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11.

Motivational Interviewing: A Tool for Behavior Change

Number 423

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Applying the principles of motivational interviewing to everyday patient interactions has been proved effective in eliciting behavior change that contributes to positive health outcomes and improved patientphysician communication Current Procedural Terminology codes are available to aid i...

January 2009

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12.

Misoprostol for Postabortion Care

Number 427

ABSTRACT The World Health Organization estimates that 67000 women mostly in developing countries die each year from untreated or inadequately treated abortion complications Postabortion care a term commonly used by the international reproductive health community refers to a specific set of service...

February 2009

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13.

Induced Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk

Number 434

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 285, August 2003)

ABSTRACT The relationship between induced abortion and the subsequent development of breast cancer has been the subject of a substantial amount of epidemiologic study Early studies of the relationship between prior induced abortion and breast cancer risk were methodologically flawed More rigorous ...

June 2009

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14.

Increasing Use of Contraceptive Implants and Intrauterine Devices To Reduce Unintended Pregnancy

Number 450

(Reaffirmed 2011)

ABSTRACT High unintended pregnancy rates in the United States may in part be the result of relatively low use of longacting reversible contraceptive LARC methods specifically the contraceptive implant and intrauterine devices Toptier reversible methods share the characteristic of requiring a singl...

December 2009

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15.

Forming a Just Health Care System

Number 456

ABSTRACT In this Committee Opinion the Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists endorses the Colleges ongoing efforts to promote a just health care system explores justifications that inform just health care and identifies professional responsibilities to guid...

March 2010

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16.

Preparing for Disasters: Perspectives on Women

Number 457

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Emergency plans that specifically address the needs of women infants and children during disasters are currently underdeveloped in the United States Pregnant women infants and children are adversely affected by disasters resulting in an increased number of infants with intrauterine growth...

June 2010

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17.

At-Risk Drinking and Alcohol Dependence: Obstetric and Gynecologic Implications

Number 496

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Compared with men atrisk alcohol use by women has a disproportionate effect on their health and lives including reproductive function and pregnancy outcomes Obstetriciangynecologists have a key role in screening and providing brief intervention patient education and treatment referral for...

August 2011

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18.

Adult Manifestations of Childhood Sexual Abuse

Number 498

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Longterm effects of childhood sexual abuse are varied complex and often devastating Many obstetriciangynecologists knowingly or unknowingly provide care to abuse survivors and should screen all women for a history of such abuse Depression anxiety and anger are the most commonly reported e...

August 2011

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19.

Maternal-Fetal Intervention and Fetal Care Centers

Number 501

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT The past two decades have yielded profound advances in the fields of prenatal diagnosis and fetal intervention Although fetal interventions are driven by a beneficencebased motivation to improve fetal and neonatal outcomes advancement in fetal therapies raises ethical issues surrounding m...

August 2011

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20.

Health Care for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women

Number 515

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Sixty percent of American Indian and Alaska Native women live in metropolitan areas Most are not eligible for health care provided by the federal Indian Health Service IHS The IHS partly funds 34 Urban Indian Health Organizations which vary in size and services Some are small informationa...

January 2012

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998