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41.

Prenatal and Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing - Expanded Recommendations

Committee Opinion Number 635, June 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 418, September 2008)

ABSTRACT Given the enormous advances in the prevention of perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus HIV it is clear that early identification and treatment of all pregnant women with HIV is the best way to prevent neonatal infection and also improve womens health Furthermore new evide...

June 2015

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42.

Hereditary Cancer Syndromes and Risk Assessment

Committee Opinion Number 634, June 2015

ABSTRACT A hereditary cancer syndrome is a genetic predisposition to certain types of cancer often with onset at an early age caused by inherited mutations in one or more genes Cases of cancer commonly encountered by obstetriciangynecologists or other obstetricgynecologic providersmdashsuch as bre...

June 2015

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43.

Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice

Committee Opinion Number 633, June 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 422, December 2008)

ABSTRACT Alcohol abuse and other substance use disorders are major often underdiagnosed health problems for women regardless of age race ethnicity and socioeconomic status and have resulting high costs for individuals and society The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edit...

June 2015

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44.

Expedited Partner Therapy in the Management of Gonorrhea and Chlamydial Infection

Committee Opinion Number 632, June 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 506, September 2011)

ABSTRACT Sexually transmitted infections STIs disproportionately affect women and create a preventable threat to their fertility One factor that contributes to young womens high rates of STIs is reinfection from an untreated sexual partner One way to address this problem is through expedited partn...

June 2015

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45.

Screening for Perinatal Depression

Committee Opinion Number 630, May 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 453, February 2010)

ABSTRACT Perinatal depression which includes major and minor depressive episodes that occur during pregnancy or in the first 12 months after delivery is one of the most common medical complications during pregnancy and the postpartum period affecting one in seven women It is important to identify ...

May 2015

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46.

Clinical Guidelines and Standardization of Practice to Improve Outcomes

Committee Opinion Number 629, April 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion 526, May 2012)

ABSTRACT Protocols and checklists have been shown to reduce patient harm through improved standardization and communication Implementation of protocols and guidelines often is delayed because of lack of health care provider awareness or difficult clinical algorithms in medical institutions However...

April 2015

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47.

Robotic Surgery in Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 628, March 2015

ABSTRACT The field of robotic surgery has developed rapidly and its use for gynecologic conditions has grown exponentially Surgeons should be skilled at abdominal and laparoscopic approaches for a specific procedure before undertaking robotic approaches Surgeon training competency guidelines and q...

March 2015

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48.

Health Care for Unauthorized Immigrants

Committee Opinion Number 627, March 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 425, January 2009)

ABSTRACT Unauthorized undocumented immigrants are less likely than other residents of the United States to have health insurance The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has long supported a basic health care package for all women living within the United States without regard to th...

March 2015

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49.

Management of Women With Dense Breasts Diagnosed by Mammography

Committee Opinion Number 625, March 2015

ABSTRACT Women with dense breasts have a modestly increased risk of breast cancer and experience reduced sensitivity of mammography to detect breast cancer However evidence is lacking to advocate for additional testing until there are clinically validated data that indicate improved screening outc...

March 2015

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50.

Cervical Cancer Screening in Low-Resource Settings

Committee Opinion Number 624, February 2015

ABSTRACT Cytologybased cervical cancer screening programs require a number of elements to be successful Certain lowresource settings like the US Affiliated Pacific Islands lack these elements Implementing alternative cervical cancer screening strategies in lowresource settings can provide consiste...

February 2015

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51.

Emergent Therapy for Acute-Onset, Severe Hypertension During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period

Committee Opinion Number 623, February 2015

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 514, December 2011)

ABSTRACT Acuteonset severe systolic hypertension severe diastolic hypertension or both can occur in pregnant women or women in the postpartum period Introducing standardized evidencebased clinical guidelines for the management of patients with preeclampsia and eclampsia has been demonstrated to re...

February 2015

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52.

Professional Use of Digital and Social Media

Committee Opinion Number 622, February 2015

ABSTRACT Digital and social media quickly are becoming universal in modern medical practice Data sharing online reviews and ratings and digital privacy concerns likely will become a part of most every physicians practice regardless of his or her use of social media The widespread use of social med...

February 2015

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53.

Patient Safety and Health Information Technology

Committee Opinion Number 621, January 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 472, November 2010)

ABSTRACT The advantages of health information technology IT include facilitating communication between health care providers improving medication safety tracking and reporting and promoting quality of care through optimized access to and adherence to guidelines Health IT systems permit the collect...

January 2015

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54.

Salpingectomy for Ovarian Cancer Prevention

Committee Opinion Number 620, January 2015

ABSTRACT Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate out of all types of gynecologic cancer and is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women Current attempts at screening for ovarian cancer have been unsuccessful and are associated with falsepositive test results that lead to unnecess...

January 2015

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55.

Gynecologic Surgery in the Obese Woman

Committee Opinion Number 619, January 2015

ABSTRACT Obesity is a serious problem worldwide and particularly in the United States and in women is associated with an increased risk of death and morbid conditions including hypertension diabetes mellitus obstructive sleep apnea and hypercholesterolemia as well as malignancies such as endometri...

January 2015

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56.

Ovarian Reserve Testing

Committee Opinion Number 618, January 2015

ABSTRACT The main goal of ovarian reserve testing is to identify those individuals who are at risk of decreased or diminished ovarian reserve commonly known as DOR Although ovarian reserve testing cannot predict the end of ones reproductive years results outside the range expected for a patients a...

January 2015

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57.

End of Life Decision Making

Committee Opinion Number 617, January 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 403, April 2008)

ABSTRACT Obstetriciangynecologists care for women throughout their lifespans and are in an ideal position to have ongoing discussions with healthy patients about their values and wishes regarding future care and to encourage them to complete an advance directive for health care In addition situati...

January 2015

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58.

Newborn Screening and the Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Committee Opinion Number 616, January 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 481, March 2011)

ABSTRACT Newborn screening is a mandatory statebased public health program that provides all newborns in the United States with presymptomatic testing and necessary followup health care for a variety of medical conditions The goal of this essential public health program is to decrease morbidity an...

January 2015

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59.

Access to Contraception

Committee Opinion Number 615, January 2015

ABSTRACT Nearly all US women who have ever had sexual intercourse have used some form of contraception at some point during their reproductive lives However multiple barriers prevent women from obtaining contraceptives or using them effectively and consistently All women should have unhindered and...

January 2015

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60.

Management of Pregnant Women With Presumptive Exposure to Listeria monocytogenes

Committee Opinion Number 614, December 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Listeriosis is predominantly a foodborne illness with sporadic and outbreakrelated cases tied to consumption of food contaminated with listeria Listeria monocytogenes The incidence of listeriosis associated with pregnancy is approximately 13 times higher than in the general population Mat...

December 2014

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