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Results 181–200 of 217
Title Date
181.

Understanding and Using the U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2013

Number 577

ABSTRACT: The U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2013 (U.S. SPR), issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a companion piece to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2010. The U.S. Med...

November 2013

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182.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Number 578

(Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT: Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information, such as information on the Internet, has prompted more patient-generated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended. Depending on the context, acceding to a request fo...

November 2013

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183.

Definition of Term Pregnancy

Number 579

ABSTRACT: In the past, the period from 3 weeks before until 2 weeks after the estimated date of delivery was considered “term,” with the expectation that neonatal outcomes from deliveries in this interval were uniform and good. Increasingly, however, research has shown that neonatal outcomes, espe...

November 2013

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184.

Von Willebrand Disease in Women

Number 580

(Replaces No. 451, December 2009)

ABSTRACT: Von Willebrand disease, the most common inherited bleeding disorder among American women, is a common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding and other bleeding problems in women and adolescent girls. Von Willebrand disease and other inherited and acquired disorders of coagulation and hemostas...

December 2013

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185.

The Use of Chromosomal Microarray Analysis in Prenatal Diagnosis

Number 581

(Replaces No. 446, November 2009) (See also Practice Bulletin No. 88)

ABSTRACT: Chromosomal microarray analysis is a technique that identifies chromosomal abnormalities, including submicroscopic abnormalities that are too small to be detected by conventional karyotyping. Like conventional fetal karyotyping, prenatal chromosomal microarray analysis requires direct te...

December 2013

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186.

Addressing Health Risks of Noncoital Sexual Activity

Number 582

(Replaces No. 417, September 2008)

ABSTRACT: Noncoital sexual behavior is a common expression of human sexuality, which commonly co-occurs with coital behavior. Sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, hepatitis virus (types A, B, and C), syphilis, go...

December 2013

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187.

Predispute, Voluntary, Binding Arbitration

Number 583

ABSTRACT: Arbitration is a form of dispute resolution that is an alternative to “taking a case to court.” Weighing the potential advantages and disadvantages, predispute arbitration may represent a valid alternative dispute resolution strategy for physicians and patients. When correctly prepared, ...

January 2014

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188.

Oocyte Cryopreservation

Number 584

ABSTRACT: In 2013, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Repro-ductive Technology published a joint document, Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation: A Guideline, which addresses advances in techniques to freeze human eggs that have resulted in significant recent impr...

January 2014

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189.

Health Literacy

Number 585

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 491, May 2011)

ABSTRACT: According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. The American College of ...

February 2014

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190.

Health Disparities in Rural Women

Number 586

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 429, March 2009)

ABSTRACT: Rural women experience poorer health outcomes and have less access to health care than urban women. Many rural areas have limited numbers of health care providers, especially women’s health providers. Rural America is heterogeneous where problems vary depending on the region and state. H...

February 2014

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191.

Effective Patient–Physician Communication

Number 587

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 492, May 2011)

ABSTRACT: Physicians’ ability to effectively and compassionately communicate information is key to a successful patient–physician relationship. The current health care environment demands increasing clinical productivity and affords less time with each patient, which can impede effective patient–p...

February 2014

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192.

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination

Number 588

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 467, September 2010)

ABSTRACT: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination routinely be targeted to females and males aged 11 years or 12 years as part of the adolescent immunization platform to help reduce th...

March 2014

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193.

Female Age-Related Fertility Decline

Number 589

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 413, August 2008)

ABSTRACT: The fecundity of women decreases gradually but significantly beginning approximately at age 32 years and decreases more rapidly after age 37 years. Education and enhanced awareness of the effect of age on fertility are essential in counseling the patient who desires pregnancy. Given the ...

March 2014

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194.

Preparing for Clinical Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 590

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 487, April 2011)

ABSTRACT: Patient care emergencies may occur at any time in any setting, particularly the inpatient setting. It is important that obstetrician–gynecologists prepare themselves by assessing potential emergencies, establishing early warning systems, designating specialized first responders, conducti...

March 2014

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195.

Challenges for Overweight and Obese Women

Number 591

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 470, October 2010)

ABSTRACT: Overweight and obesity are epidemic in the United States. Obesity is a risk factor for numerous conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, stroke, heart disease, certain types of cancer, and arthritis. The prevalence of obesity is high, exceeding 30% in adult women a...

March 2014

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196.

Sexual Assault

Number 592

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 499, August 2011)

ABSTRACT: Reproductive-aged victims of sexual assault are at risk of unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder. Health care providers should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault and offer victims both em...

April 2014

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197.

Immersion in Water During Labor and Delivery

Number 594

ABSTRACT: Immersion in water has been suggested as a beneficial alternative for labor, or delivery, or both and over the past decades has gained popularity in many parts of world. Immersion in water during the first stage of labor may be associated with decreased pain or use of anesthesia and decr...

April 2014

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198.

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 595

Abstract: Preexposure prophylaxis is defined as the administration of antiretroviral medications to individuals who are not infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV infection. In combination with other proven HIV-prevention methods, preexposure ...

May 2014

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199.

Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

Number 596

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 411, August 2008)

Abstract: Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can improve survival and reduce morbidity. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that females aged 13–64 years be tested at least once in the...

May 2014

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200.

Labor Induction or Augmentation and Autism

Number 597

Abstract: Functional oxytocin deficiency and a faulty oxytocin signaling pathway have been observed in conjunction with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Because exogenous synthetic oxytocin commonly is administered for labor induction and augmentation, some have hypothesized that synthetic oxytocin...

May 2014

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