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Results 61–80 of 96
Title Date
61.

Improving Medication Safety

Number 531

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 331, April 2006 and No. 400, March 2008)

ABSTRACT: Despite significant national attention, medical errors continue to pervade the U.S. health care system. Medication-related errors consistently rank at the top of all medical errors, which account for thousands of preventable deaths annually in the United States. There are a variety of me...

August 2012

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62.

Lead Screening During Pregnancy and Lactation

Number 533

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Prenatal lead exposure has known adverse effects on maternal health and infant outcomes across a wide range of maternal blood lead levels. Adverse effects of lead exposure are being identified at lower levels of exposure than previously recognized in both children and adults. In 2010, th...

August 2012

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63.

Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Number 535

ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the U.S. correctional system. Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high ra...

August 2012

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64.

Timing of Umbilical Cord Clamping After Birth

Number 543

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The optimal timing for clamping the umbilical cord after birth has been a subject of controversy and debate. Although many randomized controlled trials in term and preterm infants have evaluated the benefits of delayed umbilical cord clamping versus immediate umbilical cord clamping, the...

December 2012

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65.

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for Fetal Aneuploidy

Number 545

ABSTRACT: Noninvasive prenatal testing that uses cell free fetal DNA from the plasma of pregnant women offers tremendous potential as a screening tool for fetal aneuploidy. Cell free fetal DNA testing should be an informed patient choice after pretest counseling and should not be part of routine p...

December 2012

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66.

Weight Gain During Pregnancy

Number 548

ABSTRACT: The updated guidelines by the Institute of Medicine regarding gestational weight gain provide clinicians with a basis for practice. Health care providers who care for pregnant women should determine a woman’s body mass index at the initial prenatal visit and counsel her regarding the ben...

January 2013

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67.

Obesity in Pregnancy

Number 549

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 315, September 2005)

ABSTRACT: In the United States, more than one third of women are obese, more than one half of pregnant women are overweight or obese, and 8% of reproductive-aged women are extremely obese, putting them at a greater risk of pregnancy complications. Therefore, preconception assessment and counseling...

January 2013

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68.

Maternal–Fetal Surgery for Myelomeningocele

Number 550

ABSTRACT: Myelomeningocele, the most severe form of spina bifida, occurs in approximately 1 in 1,500 births in the United States. Fetuses in whom myelomeningocele is diagnosed typically are delivered at term and are treated in the early neonatal period. A recent randomized controlled trial found t...

January 2013

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69.

Benefits to Women of Medicaid Expansion Through the Affordable Care Act

Number 552

ABSTRACT: Many U.S. women are uninsured and face avoidable adverse obstetric and gynecologic health outcomes. The Affordable Care Act requires an expansion of Medicaid that would increase the percentage of U.S. women with health insurance, with the anticipated benefit of improved health. The 2012 ...

January 2013

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70.

Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction

Number 553

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 369, June 2007)

ABSTRACT: Fertility treatments have contributed significantly to the increase in multifetal pregnancies. The first approach to the problem of multifetal pregnancies should be prevention, and strategies to limit multifetal pregnancies, especially high-order multifetal pregnancies, should be practic...

February 2013

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71.

Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care

Number 555

ABSTRACT: Numerous occurrences in the past decade have brought the issue of disaster preparedness, and specifically hospital preparedness, to the national forefront. Much of the work in this area has focused on large hospital system preparedness for various disaster scenarios. Many unique features...

March 2013

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72.

Integrating Immunizations Into Practice

Number 558

ABSTRACT: Given demonstrated vaccine efficacy, safety, and the large potential for prevention of many infectious diseases among adults, newborns, and pregnant women, obstetrician–gynecologists should embrace immunizations as an integral part of their women’s health care practice. To provide direct...

April 2013

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73.

Cesarean Delivery on Maternal Request

Number 559

ABSTRACT: Cesarean delivery on maternal request is defined as a primary prelabor cesarean delivery on maternal request in the absence of any maternal or fetal indications. Potential risks of cesarean delivery on maternal request include a longer maternal hospital stay, an increased risk of respira...

April 2013

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74.

Medically Indicated Late-Preterm and Early-Term Deliveries

Number 560

ABSTRACT: The neonatal risks of late preterm (34 0/7–36 6/7 weeks of gestation) and early-term (37 0/7–38 6/7 weeks of gestation) births are well established. However, there are a number of maternal, fetal, and placental complications in which either a late-preterm or early-term delivery is warran...

April 2013

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75.

Nonmedically Indicated Early-Term Deliveries

Number 561

ABSTRACT: For certain medical conditions, available data and expert opinion support optimal timing of delivery in the late-preterm or early-term period for improved neonatal and infant outcomes. However, for nonmedically indicated early-term deliveries such an improvement has not been demonstrated...

April 2013

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76.

Ethical Issues in Pandemic Influenza Planning Concerning Pregnant Women

Number 563

ABSTRACT: Pregnant women traditionally have been assigned priority in the allocation of prevention and treatment resources during outbreaks of influenza because of their increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists ex...

May 2013

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77.

Ethical Issues With Vaccination for the Obstetrician–Gynecologist

Number 564

ABSTRACT: Because of the growing importance of infectious disease prevention in the individual patient and the larger community, it is vital that Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists be prepared to navigate the practical and ethical challenges that come with vaccinati...

May 2013

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78.

Update on Immunization and Pregnancy Tetanus Diphtheria and Pertussis Vaccination

Number 566

(Replaces No. 521, March 2012)

ABSTRACT: In the face of dramatic and persistent increases in pertussis disease in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has updated its guidelines for the use of the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular ...

June 2013

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79.

Professional Liability and Gynecology-Only Practice

Number 567

(Replaces No. 408, June 2008)

ABSTRACT: Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists may choose to limit the scope of their practices to gynecology and, accordingly, may choose not to carry professional liability coverage for obstetrics. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers ea...

July 2013

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80.

Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Through the Lifespan

Number 569

ABSTRACT: Oral health is an important component of general health and should be maintained during pregnancy and through a woman’s lifespan. Maintaining good oral health may have a positive effect on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other disorders. In 2007–2009, 35% of U.S. women reported tha...

August 2013

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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