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Results 161–180 of 221
Title Date
161.

Ethical Issues in Pandemic Influenza Planning Concerning Pregnant Women

Number 563

ABSTRACT: Pregnant women traditionally have been assigned priority in the allocation of prevention and treatment resources during outbreaks of influenza because of their increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists ex...

May 2013

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162.

Ethical Issues With Vaccination for the Obstetrician–Gynecologist

Number 564

ABSTRACT: Because of the growing importance of infectious disease prevention in the individual patient and the larger community, it is vital that Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists be prepared to navigate the practical and ethical challenges that come with vaccinati...

May 2013

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163.

Hormone Therapy and Heart Disease

Number 565

(Replaces No. 420, November 2008)

ABSTRACT: Menopausal hormone therapy should not be used for the primary or secondary prevention of coronary heart disease at the present time. Evidence is insufficient to conclude that long-term estrogen therapy or hormone therapy use improves cardiovascular outcomes. Nevertheless, recent evidence...

June 2013

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164.

Update on Immunization and Pregnancy Tetanus Diphtheria and Pertussis Vaccination

Number 566

(Replaces No. 521, March 2012)

ABSTRACT: In the face of dramatic and persistent increases in pertussis disease in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has updated its guidelines for the use of the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular ...

June 2013

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165.

Professional Liability and Gynecology-Only Practice

Number 567

(Replaces No. 408, June 2008)

ABSTRACT: Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists may choose to limit the scope of their practices to gynecology and, accordingly, may choose not to carry professional liability coverage for obstetrics. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers ea...

July 2013

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166.

Elder Abuse and Women's Health

Number 568

ABSTRACT: Elder abuse, a violation of human rights, is defined as a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate actions, which causes harm, risk of harm, or distress to an individual 60 years or older. As many as 1 in 10 older adults have been victims of elder abuse. Most cases of abuse occur i...

July 2013

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167.

Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Through the Lifespan

Number 569

ABSTRACT: Oral health is an important component of general health and should be maintained during pregnancy and through a woman’s lifespan. Maintaining good oral health may have a positive effect on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other disorders. In 2007–2009, 35% of U.S. women reported tha...

August 2013

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168.

Breastfeeding in Underserved Women: Increasing Initiation and Continuation of Breastfeeding

Number 570

ABSTRACT: Maternal and infant benefits from breastfeeding are well documented and are especially important to underserved women. Underserved women are disproportionately likely to experience adverse health outcomes that may improve with breastfeeding. They face unique barriers and have low rates o...

August 2013

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169.

Solutions for Surgical Preparation of the Vagina

Number 571

ABSTRACT: Currently, only povidone-iodine preparations are approved for vaginal surgical-site antisepsis. However, there are compelling reasons to consider chlorhexidine gluconate solutions for off-label use in surgical preparation of the vagina, especially in women with allergies to iodine. Altho...

September 2013

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170.

Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 572

ABSTRACT: Adolescents make up an increasing percentage of the U.S. population with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Adolescent-focused care is critical to identify and reduce at-risk behavior, comorbidities, and partner transmission. Optimal medical and reproductive health care, both now and in...

September 2013

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171.

Magnesium Sulfate Use in Obstetrics

Number 573

ABSTRACT: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration advises against the use of magnesium sulfate injections for more than 5–7 days to stop preterm labor in pregnant women. Based on this, the drug classification was changed from Category A to Category D, and the labeling was changed to include this new...

September 2013

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172.

Marriage Equality for Same-Sex Couples

Number 574

(Replaces No. 428, February 2009)

ABSTRACT: Same-sex couples encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure, stigma and discriminatory attitudes and treatment, limited access to health care and health insurance, and often a limited understanding of their health risks. Same-sex couples ...

September 2013

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173.

Exposure to Toxic Environmental Agents

Number 575

ABSTRACT: Reducing exposure to toxic environmental agents is a critical area of intervention for obstetricians, gynecologists, and other reproductive health care professionals. Patient exposure to toxic environmental chemicals and other stressors is ubiquitous, and preconception and prenatal expos...

October 2013

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174.

Health Care for Homeless Women

Number 576

(Replaces No. 454, February 2010)

ABSTRACT: Homelessness continues to be a significant problem in the United States. Women and families represent the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. Health care for these women is a challenge but an important issue that needs to be addressed. Homeless women are at higher risk of...

October 2013

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175.

Understanding and Using the U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2013

Number 577

ABSTRACT: The U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2013 (U.S. SPR), issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a companion piece to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2010. The U.S. Med...

November 2013

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176.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Number 578

(Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT: Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information, such as information on the Internet, has prompted more patient-generated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended. Depending on the context, acceding to a request fo...

November 2013

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177.

Definition of Term Pregnancy

Number 579

ABSTRACT: In the past, the period from 3 weeks before until 2 weeks after the estimated date of delivery was considered “term,” with the expectation that neonatal outcomes from deliveries in this interval were uniform and good. Increasingly, however, research has shown that neonatal outcomes, espe...

November 2013

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178.

Von Willebrand Disease in Women

Number 580

(Replaces No. 451, December 2009)

ABSTRACT: Von Willebrand disease, the most common inherited bleeding disorder among American women, is a common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding and other bleeding problems in women and adolescent girls. Von Willebrand disease and other inherited and acquired disorders of coagulation and hemostas...

December 2013

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179.

The Use of Chromosomal Microarray Analysis in Prenatal Diagnosis

Number 581

(Replaces No. 446, November 2009) (See also Practice Bulletin No. 88)

ABSTRACT: Chromosomal microarray analysis is a technique that identifies chromosomal abnormalities, including submicroscopic abnormalities that are too small to be detected by conventional karyotyping. Like conventional fetal karyotyping, prenatal chromosomal microarray analysis requires direct te...

December 2013

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180.

Addressing Health Risks of Noncoital Sexual Activity

Number 582

(Replaces No. 417, September 2008)

ABSTRACT: Noncoital sexual behavior is a common expression of human sexuality, which commonly co-occurs with coital behavior. Sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, hepatitis virus (types A, B, and C), syphilis, go...

December 2013

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