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Results 141–160 of 225
Title Date
141.

Performance Enhancing Anabolic Steroid Abuse in Women

Number 484

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Anabolic steroids are composed of testosterone and other substances related to testosterone that promote growth of skeletal muscle increase hemoglobin concentration and mediate secondary sexual characteristics These substances have been in use since the 1930s to promote muscle growth impr...

April 2011

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142.

Empathy in Womens Health Care

Number 480

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Empathy is the process through which one attempts to project oneself into anothers life and imagine a situation from his or her point of view Most individuals do have an innate capacity to show empathy toward others Empathy is as important to being a good physician as technical competence...

March 2011

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143.

Methamphetamine Abuse in Women of Reproductive Age

Number 479

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Methamphetamine abuse has continued to increase in the United States since the late 1980s with its use spreading from the West Coast to areas across the country Methamphetamine use in pregnancy endangers the health of the woman and increases the risk of low birth weight and small for gest...

March 2011

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144.

Family History as a Risk Assessment Tool

Number 478

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Family history plays a critical role in assessing the risk of inherited medical conditions and single gene disorders Several methods have been established to obtain family medical histories including the family history questionnaire or checklist and the pedigree The screening tool selecte...

March 2011

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145.

The Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist in the Early Detection of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Number 477

(Replaces No. 280, December 2002)

ABSTRACT Epithelial ovarian cancer is most commonly detected in an advanced stage when the overall 5year survival rate is 2030 Detection of earlystage ovarian cancer results in improved survival Currently there is no effective strategy for ovarian cancer screening Women with persistent and progres...

March 2011

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146.

Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy

Number 474

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 284, August 2003)

ABSTRACT The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Obstetric Practice acknowledges that the issue of nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy is an important concern for physicians who care for women It is important for a physician to obtain an obstetric consultation before...

February 2011

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147.

Planned Home Birth

Number 476

Reaffirmed 2013

ABSTRACT Although the Committee on Obstetric Practice believes that hospitals and birthing centers are the safest setting for birth it respects the right of a woman to make a medically informed decision about delivery Women inquiring about planned home birth should be informed of its risks and ben...

February 2011

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148.

Substance Abuse Reporting and Pregnancy The Role of the Obstetrician Gynecologist

Number 473

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Drug enforcement policies that deter women from seeking prenatal care are contrary to the welfare of the mother and fetus Incarceration and the threat of incarceration have proved to be ineffective in reducing the incidence of alcohol or drug abuse Obstetriciangynecologists should be awar...

January 2011

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149.

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy

Number 471

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 316, October 2005)

ABSTRACT Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States and is associated with maternal fetal and infant morbidity and mortality The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful however the compassionate intervention of th...

November 2010

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150.

Carrier Screening for Fragile X Syndrome

Number 469

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 338, June 2006)

ABSTRACT Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation The syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 3600 males and 1 in 40006000 females Approximately 1 in 250 females carry the premutation DNAbased molecular analysis is the preferred method of diagnosis for fragile X syn...

October 2010

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151.

Ethical Considerations for Performing Gynecologic Surgery in Low-Resource Settings Abroad

Number 466

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT International humanitarian medical efforts provide essential services to patients who would not otherwise have access to specific health care services The Committees on Ethics and Global Womens Health of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourage College Fellows and...

September 2010

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152.

Patient Safety in the Surgical Environment

Number 464

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 328, February 2006)

ABSTRACT Ensuring patient safety in the operating room begins before the patient enters the operative suite and includes attention to all applicable types of preventable medical errors including for example medication errors but surgical errors are unique to this environment Steps to prevent wrong...

September 2010

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153.

Moderate Caffeine Consumption During Pregnancy

Number 462

Reaffirmed 2013

ABSTRACT Moderate caffeine consumption less than 200 mg per day does not appear to be a major contributing factor in miscarriage or preterm birth The relationship of caffeine to growth restriction remains undetermined A final conclusion cannot be made at this time as to whether there is a correlat...

August 2010

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154.

The Obstetric-Gynecologic Hospitalist

Number 459

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT The work models for the obstetricgynecologic hospitalist and the obstetric laborist are gaining popularity and momentum in hospitals across the nation These models could be timely solutions to the challenging demands of the general practice of obstetrics and gynecology The American Colleg...

July 2010

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155.

Preparing for Disasters: Perspectives on Women

Number 457

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Emergency plans that specifically address the needs of women infants and children during disasters are currently underdeveloped in the United States Pregnant women infants and children are adversely affected by disasters resulting in an increased number of infants with intrauterine growth...

June 2010

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156.

Forming a Just Health Care System

Number 456

ABSTRACT In this Committee Opinion the Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists endorses the Colleges ongoing efforts to promote a just health care system explores justifications that inform just health care and identifies professional responsibilities to guid...

March 2010

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157.

Magnesium Sulfate Before Anticipated Preterm Birth for Neuroprotection

Number 455

Reaffirmed 2013

Abstract Numerous large clinical studies have evaluated the evidence regarding magnesium sulfate neuroprotection and preterm births The Committee on Obstetric Practice and the Society for MaternalFetal Medicine recognize that none of the individual studies found a benefit with regard to their prim...

March 2010

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158.

Increasing Use of Contraceptive Implants and Intrauterine Devices To Reduce Unintended Pregnancy

Number 450

(Reaffirmed 2011)

ABSTRACT High unintended pregnancy rates in the United States may in part be the result of relatively low use of longacting reversible contraceptive LARC methods specifically the contraceptive implant and intrauterine devices Toptier reversible methods share the characteristic of requiring a singl...

December 2009

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159.

Menstrual Manipulation for Adolescents With Disabilities

Number 448

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT Defining the reasons for intervention and the precise goal of treatment are the most critical issues regarding use of interventions to alter menstrual flow in adolescents with disabilities Reasons for intervention may relate to abnormal uterine bleeding hygiene mood issues fear of pregnan...

December 2009

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160.

Patient Safety in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 447

(Reaffirmed 2012, Replaces No. 286, October 2003)

ABSTRACT Since publication of the Institute of Medicines landmark report To Err is Human Building a Safer Health System emphasis on patient safety has steadily increased Obstetriciangynecologists should continuously incorporate elements of patient safety into their practices and also encourage oth...

December 2009

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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