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Results 141–160 of 223
Title Date

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy

Number 471

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 316, October 2005)

ABSTRACT Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States and is associated with maternal fetal and infant morbidity and mortality The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful however the compassionate intervention of th...

November 2010

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Carrier Screening for Fragile X Syndrome

Number 469

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 338, June 2006)

ABSTRACT Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation The syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 3600 males and 1 in 40006000 females Approximately 1 in 250 females carry the premutation DNAbased molecular analysis is the preferred method of diagnosis for fragile X syn...

October 2010

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Ethical Considerations for Performing Gynecologic Surgery in Low-Resource Settings Abroad

Number 466

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT International humanitarian medical efforts provide essential services to patients who would not otherwise have access to specific health care services The Committees on Ethics and Global Womens Health of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourage College Fellows and...

September 2010

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Patient Safety in the Surgical Environment

Number 464

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 328, February 2006)

ABSTRACT Ensuring patient safety in the operating room begins before the patient enters the operative suite and includes attention to all applicable types of preventable medical errors including for example medication errors but surgical errors are unique to this environment Steps to prevent wrong...

September 2010

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Moderate Caffeine Consumption During Pregnancy

Number 462

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Moderate caffeine consumption less than 200 mg per day does not appear to be a major contributing factor in miscarriage or preterm birth The relationship of caffeine to growth restriction remains undetermined A final conclusion cannot be made at this time as to whether there is a correlat...

August 2010

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The Obstetric-Gynecologic Hospitalist

Number 459

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT The work models for the obstetricgynecologic hospitalist and the obstetric laborist are gaining popularity and momentum in hospitals across the nation These models could be timely solutions to the challenging demands of the general practice of obstetrics and gynecology The American Colleg...

July 2010

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Preparing for Disasters: Perspectives on Women

Number 457

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Emergency plans that specifically address the needs of women infants and children during disasters are currently underdeveloped in the United States Pregnant women infants and children are adversely affected by disasters resulting in an increased number of infants with intrauterine growth...

June 2010

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Forming a Just Health Care System

Number 456

ABSTRACT In this Committee Opinion the Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists endorses the Colleges ongoing efforts to promote a just health care system explores justifications that inform just health care and identifies professional responsibilities to guid...

March 2010

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Magnesium Sulfate Before Anticipated Preterm Birth for Neuroprotection

Number 455

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Numerous large clinical studies have evaluated the evidence regarding magnesium sulfate neuroprotection and preterm births The Committee on Obstetric Practice and the Society for MaternalFetal Medicine recognize that none of the individual studies found a benefit with regard to their prim...

March 2010

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Screening for Depression During and After Pregnancy

Number 453

(Reaffirmed 2012)

Abstract Depression is very common during pregnancy and the postpartum period At this time there is insufficient evidence to support a firm recommendation for universal antepartum or postpartum screening There are also insufficient data to recommend how often screening should be done There are mul...

February 2010

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Increasing Use of Contraceptive Implants and Intrauterine Devices To Reduce Unintended Pregnancy

Number 450

(Reaffirmed 2011)

ABSTRACT High unintended pregnancy rates in the United States may in part be the result of relatively low use of longacting reversible contraceptive LARC methods specifically the contraceptive implant and intrauterine devices Toptier reversible methods share the characteristic of requiring a singl...

December 2009

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Maternal Phenylketonuria

Number 449

(Replaces No. 230, January 2000)

ABSTRACT Phenylketonuria PKU is an autosomal recessive disorder of phenylalanine Phe metabolism characterized by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase an enzyme responsible for the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine and elevated levels of Phe and Phe metabolite All wome...

December 2009

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Menstrual Manipulation for Adolescents With Disabilities

Number 448

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT Defining the reasons for intervention and the precise goal of treatment are the most critical issues regarding use of interventions to alter menstrual flow in adolescents with disabilities Reasons for intervention may relate to abnormal uterine bleeding hygiene mood issues fear of pregnan...

December 2009

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Patient Safety in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 447

(Reaffirmed 2012, Replaces No. 286, October 2003)

ABSTRACT Since publication of the Institute of Medicines landmark report To Err is Human Building a Safer Health System emphasis on patient safety has steadily increased Obstetriciangynecologists should continuously incorporate elements of patient safety into their practices and also encourage oth...

December 2009

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Choosing the Route of Hysterectomy for Benign Disease

Number 444

(Reaffirmed 2011)

ABSTRACT Hysterectomies are performed vaginally abdominally or with laparoscopic or robotic assistance When choosing the route and method of hysterectomy the physician should take into consideration how the procedure may be performed most safely and costeffectively to fulfill the medical needs of ...

November 2009

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Air Travel During Pregnancy

Number 443

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 264, December 2001)

ABSTRACT In the absence of obstetric or medical complications pregnant women can observe the same precautions for air travel as the general population and can fly safely Pregnant women should be instructed to continuously use their seat belts while seated as should all air travelers Pregnant air t...

October 2009

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Preconception and Prenatal Carrier Screening for Genetic Diseases in Individuals of Eastern European Jewish Descent

Number 442

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 298, August 2004)

ABSTRACT Certain autosomal recessive disease conditions are more prevalent in individuals of Eastern European Jewish Ashkenazi descent Previously the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommended that individuals of Eastern European Jewish ancestry be offered carrier screening fo...

October 2009

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Oral Intake During Labor

Number 441

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT There is insufficient evidence to address the safety of any particular fasting period for solids in obstetric patients Expert opinion supports that patients undergoing either elective cesarean delivery or elective postpartum tubal ligation should undergo a fasting period of 68 hours Adher...

September 2009

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The Role of Transvaginal Ultrasonography in the Evaluation of Postmenopausal Bleeding

Number 440

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT The clinical approach to postmenopausal bleeding requires prompt and efficient evaluation to exclude or diagnose carcinoma Women with postmenopausal bleeding may be assessed initially with either endometrial biopsy or transvaginal ultrasonography this initial evaluation does not require p...

August 2009

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Informed Consent

Number 439

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT Obtaining informed consent for medical treatment for participation in medical research and for participation in teaching exercises involving students and residents is an ethical requirement that is partially reflected in legal doctrines and requirements As an ethical doctrine informed con...

August 2009

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998