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81.

Female Age-Related Fertility Decline

Committee Opinion Number 589, March 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 413, August 2008)

ABSTRACT The fecundity of women decreases gradually but significantly beginning approximately at age 32 years and decreases more rapidly after age 37 years Education and enhanced awareness of the effect of age on fertility are essential in counseling the patient who desires pregnancy Given the ant...

March 2014

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82.

Effective Patient–Physician Communication

Committee Opinion Number 587, February 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 492, May 2011)

ABSTRACT Physicians ability to effectively and compassionately communicate information is key to a successful patientphysician relationship The current health care environment demands increasing clinical productivity and affords less time with each patient which can impede effective patientphysici...

February 2014

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83.

Health Disparities in Rural Women

Committee Opinion Number 586, February 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 429, March 2009)

ABSTRACT Rural women experience poorer health outcomes and have less access to health care than urban women Many rural areas have limited numbers of health care providers especially womens health providers Rural America is heterogeneous where problems vary depending on the region and state Health ...

February 2014

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84.

Oocyte Cryopreservation

Committee Opinion Number 584, January 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT In 2013 the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology published a joint document Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation A Guideline which addresses advances in techniques to freeze human eggs that have resulted in significant recent improvemen...

January 2014

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85.

Predispute, Voluntary, Binding Arbitration

Committee Opinion Number 583, January 2014

ABSTRACT Arbitration is a form of dispute resolution that is an alternative to taking a case to court Weighing the potential advantages and disadvantages predispute arbitration may represent a valid alternative dispute resolution strategy for physicians and patients When correctly prepared contrac...

January 2014

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86.

Addressing Health Risks of Noncoital Sexual Activity

Committee Opinion Number 582, December 2013

(Replaces No. 417, September 2008, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Noncoital sexual behavior is a common expression of human sexuality which commonly cooccurs with coital behavior Sexually transmitted infections including human immunodeficiency virus HIV herpes simplex virus human papillomavirus hepatitis virus types A B and C syphilis gonorrhea and chla...

December 2013

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87.

The Use of Chromosomal Microarray Analysis in Prenatal Diagnosis

Committee Opinion Number 581, December 2013

(Replaces No. 446, November 2009. Reaffirmed 2015)
(See also Practice Bulletin No. 88)

ABSTRACT Chromosomal microarray analysis is a technique that identifies chromosomal abnormalities including submicroscopic abnormalities that are too small to be detected by conventional karyotyping Like conventional fetal karyotyping prenatal chromosomal microarray analysis requires direct testin...

December 2013

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88.

Von Willebrand Disease in Women

Committee Opinion Number 580, December 2013

(Replaces No. 451, December 2009, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Von Willebrand disease the most common inherited bleeding disorder among American women is a common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding and other bleeding problems in women and adolescent girls Von Willebrand disease and other inherited and acquired disorders of coagulation and hemostasis s...

December 2013

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89.

Definition of Term Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 579, November 2013

Reaffirmed 2015

ABSTRACT In the past the period from 3 weeks before until 2 weeks after the estimated date of delivery was considered term with the expectation that neonatal outcomes from deliveries in this interval were uniform and good Increasingly however research has shown that neonatal outcomes especially re...

November 2013

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90.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Committee Opinion Number 578, November 2013

(Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information such as information on the Internet has prompted more patientgenerated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended Depending on the context acceding to a request for a su...

November 2013

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91.

Understanding and Using the U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2013

Committee Opinion Number 577, November 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT The US Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use 2013 US SPR issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a companion piece to the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use 2010 The US Medical Eligibility...

November 2013

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92.

Health Care for Homeless Women

Committee Opinion Number 576, October 2013

(Replaces No. 454, February 2010, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Homelessness continues to be a significant problem in the United States Women and families represent the fastest growing segment of the homeless population Health care for these women is a challenge but an important issue that needs to be addressed Homeless women are at higher risk of inj...

October 2013

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93.

Exposure to Toxic Environmental Agents

Committee Opinion Number 575, October 2013

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Reducing exposure to toxic environmental agents is a critical area of intervention for obstetricians gynecologists and other reproductive health care professionals Patient exposure to toxic environmental chemicals and other stressors is ubiquitous and preconception and prenatal exposure t...

October 2013

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94.

Marriage Equality for Same-Sex Couples

Committee Opinion Number 574, September 2013

(Replaces No. 428, February 2009)

ABSTRACT Samesex couples encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure stigma and discriminatory attitudes and treatment limited access to health care and health insurance and often a limited understanding of their health risks Samesex couples and the...

September 2013

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95.

Solutions for Surgical Preparation of the Vagina

Committee Opinion Number 571, September 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Currently only povidoneiodine preparations are approved for vaginal surgicalsite antisepsis However there are compelling reasons to consider chlorhexidine gluconate solutions for offlabel use in surgical preparation of the vagina especially in women with allergies to iodine Although chlor...

September 2013

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96.

Breastfeeding in Underserved Women: Increasing Initiation and Continuation of Breastfeeding

Committee Opinion Number 570, August 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Maternal and infant benefits from breastfeeding are well documented and are especially important to underserved women Underserved women are disproportionately likely to experience adverse health outcomes that may improve with breastfeeding They face unique barriers and have low rates of i...

August 2013

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97.

Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Through the Lifespan

Committee Opinion Number 569, August 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Oral health is an important component of general health and should be maintained during pregnancy and through a womans lifespan Maintaining good oral health may have a positive effect on cardiovascular disease diabetes and other disorders In 20072009 35 of US women reported that they did ...

August 2013

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98.

Elder Abuse and Women's Health

Committee Opinion Number 568, July 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Elder abuse a violation of human rights is defined as a single or repeated act or lack of appropriate actions which causes harm risk of harm or distress to an individual 60 years or older As many as 1 in 10 older adults have been victims of elder abuse Most cases of abuse occur in women T...

July 2013

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99.

Professional Liability and Gynecology-Only Practice

Committee Opinion Number 567, July 2013

(Replaces No. 408, June 2008, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists may choose to limit the scope of their practices to gynecology and accordingly may choose not to carry professional liability coverage for obstetrics The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers early ...

July 2013

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100.

Update on Immunization and Pregnancy Tetanus Diphtheria and Pertussis Vaccination

Committee Opinion Number 566, June 2013

(Replaces No. 521, March 2012, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT In the face of dramatic and persistent increases in pertussis disease in the United States the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has updated its guidelines for the use of the tetanus toxoid reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pert...

June 2013

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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