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81.

The Initial Reproductive Health Visit

Committee Opinion Number 598, May 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 460, July 2010, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT The initial visit for screening and the provision of reproductive preventive health care services and guidance should take place between the ages of 13 years and 15 years The initial reproductive health visit provides an excellent opportunity for the obstetriciangynecologist to start a pa...

May 2014

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82.

Labor Induction or Augmentation and Autism

Committee Opinion Number 597, May 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016)

Abstract Functional oxytocin deficiency and a faulty oxytocin signaling pathway have been observed in conjunction with autism spectrum disorder ASD Because exogenous synthetic oxytocin commonly is administered for labor induction and augmentation some have hypothesized that synthetic oxytocin used...

May 2014

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83.

Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

Committee Opinion Number 596, May 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 411, August 2008)

Abstract Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus HIV can improve survival and reduce morbidity The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that females aged 1364 years be tested at least once in their li...

May 2014

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84.

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Committee Opinion Number 595, May 2014

Abstract Preexposure prophylaxis is defined as the administration of antiretroviral medications to individuals who are not infected with human immunodeficiency virus HIV and are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV infection In combination with other proven HIVprevention methods preexposure prophy...

May 2014

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85.

Sexual Assault

Committee Opinion Number 592, April 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 499, August 2011)

ABSTRACT Reproductiveaged victims of sexual assault are at risk of unintended pregnancy sexually transmitted infections and mental health conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder Health care providers should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault and offer victims both emergenc...

April 2014

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86.

Challenges for Overweight and Obese Women

Committee Opinion Number 591, March 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 470, October 2010)

ABSTRACT Overweight and obesity are epidemic in the United States Obesity is a risk factor for numerous conditions including diabetes hypertension high cholesterol stroke heart disease certain types of cancer and arthritis The prevalence of obesity is high exceeding 30 in adult women and men Many ...

March 2014

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87.

Preparing for Clinical Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 590, March 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 487, April 2011)

ABSTRACT Patient care emergencies may occur at any time in any setting particularly the inpatient setting It is important that obstetriciangynecologists prepare themselves by assessing potential emergencies establishing early warning systems designating specialized first responders conducting emer...

March 2014

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88.

Female Age-Related Fertility Decline

Committee Opinion Number 589, March 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 413, August 2008)

ABSTRACT The fecundity of women decreases gradually but significantly beginning approximately at age 32 years and decreases more rapidly after age 37 years Education and enhanced awareness of the effect of age on fertility are essential in counseling the patient who desires pregnancy Given the ant...

March 2014

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89.

Effective Patient–Physician Communication

Committee Opinion Number 587, February 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 492, May 2011)

ABSTRACT Physicians ability to effectively and compassionately communicate information is key to a successful patientphysician relationship The current health care environment demands increasing clinical productivity and affords less time with each patient which can impede effective patientphysici...

February 2014

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90.

Health Disparities in Rural Women

Committee Opinion Number 586, February 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 429, March 2009)

ABSTRACT Rural women experience poorer health outcomes and have less access to health care than urban women Many rural areas have limited numbers of health care providers especially womens health providers Rural America is heterogeneous where problems vary depending on the region and state Health ...

February 2014

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91.

Oocyte Cryopreservation

Committee Opinion Number 584, January 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT In 2013 the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology published a joint document Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation A Guideline which addresses advances in techniques to freeze human eggs that have resulted in significant recent improvemen...

January 2014

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92.

Addressing Health Risks of Noncoital Sexual Activity

Committee Opinion Number 582, December 2013

(Replaces No. 417, September 2008, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Noncoital sexual behavior is a common expression of human sexuality which commonly cooccurs with coital behavior Sexually transmitted infections including human immunodeficiency virus HIV herpes simplex virus human papillomavirus hepatitis virus types A B and C syphilis gonorrhea and chla...

December 2013

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93.

Von Willebrand Disease in Women

Committee Opinion Number 580, December 2013

(Replaces No. 451, December 2009, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Von Willebrand disease the most common inherited bleeding disorder among American women is a common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding and other bleeding problems in women and adolescent girls Von Willebrand disease and other inherited and acquired disorders of coagulation and hemostasis s...

December 2013

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94.

Definition of Term Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 579, November 2013

Reaffirmed 2015

ABSTRACT In the past the period from 3 weeks before until 2 weeks after the estimated date of delivery was considered term with the expectation that neonatal outcomes from deliveries in this interval were uniform and good Increasingly however research has shown that neonatal outcomes especially re...

November 2013

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95.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Committee Opinion Number 578, November 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information such as information on the Internet has prompted more patientgenerated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended Depending on the context acceding to a request for a su...

November 2013

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96.

Health Care for Homeless Women

Committee Opinion Number 576, October 2013

(Replaces No. 454, February 2010, Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Homelessness continues to be a significant problem in the United States Women and families represent the fastest growing segment of the homeless population Health care for these women is a challenge but an important issue that needs to be addressed Homeless women are at higher risk of inj...

October 2013

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97.

Exposure to Toxic Environmental Agents

Committee Opinion Number 575, October 2013

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Reducing exposure to toxic environmental agents is a critical area of intervention for obstetricians gynecologists and other reproductive health care professionals Patient exposure to toxic environmental chemicals and other stressors is ubiquitous and preconception and prenatal exposure t...

October 2013

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98.

Marriage Equality for Same-Sex Couples

Committee Opinion Number 574, September 2013

(Replaces No. 428, February 2009)

ABSTRACT Samesex couples encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure stigma and discriminatory attitudes and treatment limited access to health care and health insurance and often a limited understanding of their health risks Samesex couples and the...

September 2013

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99.

Solutions for Surgical Preparation of the Vagina

Committee Opinion Number 571, September 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Currently only povidoneiodine preparations are approved for vaginal surgicalsite antisepsis However there are compelling reasons to consider chlorhexidine gluconate solutions for offlabel use in surgical preparation of the vagina especially in women with allergies to iodine Although chlor...

September 2013

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100.

Breastfeeding in Underserved Women: Increasing Initiation and Continuation of Breastfeeding

Committee Opinion Number 570, August 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Maternal and infant benefits from breastfeeding are well documented and are especially important to underserved women Underserved women are disproportionately likely to experience adverse health outcomes that may improve with breastfeeding They face unique barriers and have low rates of i...

August 2013

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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