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Title Date

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Women's Health

Number 317

ABSTRACT Significant racial and ethnic disparities exist in womens health These health disparities largely result from differences in socioeconomic status and insurance status Although many disparities diminish after taking these factors into account some remain because of health care systemlevel ...

October 2005

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Community Involvement and Volunteerism

Number 437

(Reaffirmed 2014)

Abstract As professional and community leaders obstetriciangynecologists have unlimited opportunities to become involved in and have a positive impact on local national and international communities and organizations Volunteering outside of daily work routines often revitalizes a commitment to med...

July 2009

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Preconception and Prenatal Carrier Screening for Genetic Diseases in Individuals of Eastern European Jewish Descent

Number 442

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 298, August 2004)

ABSTRACT Certain autosomal recessive disease conditions are more prevalent in individuals of Eastern European Jewish Ashkenazi descent Previously the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommended that individuals of Eastern European Jewish ancestry be offered carrier screening fo...

October 2009

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Forming a Just Health Care System

Number 456

ABSTRACT In this Committee Opinion the Committee on Ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists endorses the Colleges ongoing efforts to promote a just health care system explores justifications that inform just health care and identifies professional responsibilities to guid...

March 2010

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Ethical Considerations for Performing Gynecologic Surgery in Low-Resource Settings Abroad

Number 466

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT International humanitarian medical efforts provide essential services to patients who would not otherwise have access to specific health care services The Committees on Ethics and Global Womens Health of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourage College Fellows and...

September 2010

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Cultural Sensitivity and Awareness in the Delivery of Health Care

Number 493

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Communication with patients can be improved and patient care enhanced if health care providers can bridge the divide between the culture of medicine and the beliefs and practices that make up patients value systems These may be based on ethnic heritage nationality of family origin age rel...

May 2011

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Human Trafficking

Number 507

ABSTRACT Human trafficking is a widespread problem with estimates ranging from 14000 to 50000 individuals trafficked into the United States annually This hidden population involves the commercial sex industry agriculture factories hotel and restaurant businesses domestic workers marriage brokers a...

September 2011

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Health Care for Pregnant and Postpartum Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Number 511

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Clinicians who provide care for incarcerated women should be aware of the special health care needs of pregnant incarcerated women and the specific issues related to the use of restraints during pregnancy and the postpartum period The use of restraints on pregnant incarcerated women and a...

November 2011

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Health Care for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women

Number 515

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Sixty percent of American Indian and Alaska Native women live in metropolitan areas Most are not eligible for health care provided by the federal Indian Health Service IHS The IHS partly funds 34 Urban Indian Health Organizations which vary in size and services Some are small informationa...

January 2012

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Health Care Systems for Underserved Women

Number 516

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Underserved women are those who are unable to obtain quality health care by virtue of barriers created by poverty cultural differences race or ethnicity geography sexual orientation gender identity or other factors that contribute to health care inequities With passage of the Patient Prot...

January 2012

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Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Number 535

ABSTRACT Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the US correctional system Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high rates ...

August 2012

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Women of Color

Number 536

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 414, August 2008)

ABSTRACT In the United States most new cases of human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS occur among women of color primarily African American and Hispanic women Most women of color acquire the disease from heterosexual contact often from a partner who...

September 2012

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Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents With Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 572

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Adolescents make up an increasing percentage of the US population with human immunodeficiency virus HIV Adolescentfocused care is critical to identify and reduce atrisk behavior comorbidities and partner transmission Optimal medical and reproductive health care both now and in the future ...

September 2013

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Exposure to Toxic Environmental Agents

Number 575

ABSTRACT Reducing exposure to toxic environmental agents is a critical area of intervention for obstetricians gynecologists and other reproductive health care professionals Patient exposure to toxic environmental chemicals and other stressors is ubiquitous and preconception and prenatal exposure t...

October 2013

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Health Care for Homeless Women

Number 576

(Replaces No. 454, February 2010)

ABSTRACT Homelessness continues to be a significant problem in the United States Women and families represent the fastest growing segment of the homeless population Health care for these women is a challenge but an important issue that needs to be addressed Homeless women are at higher risk of inj...

October 2013

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Health Literacy

Number 585

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 491, May 2011)

ABSTRACT According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions The American College of Obste...

February 2014

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Health Disparities in Rural Women

Number 586

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 429, March 2009)

ABSTRACT Rural women experience poorer health outcomes and have less access to health care than urban women Many rural areas have limited numbers of health care providers especially womens health providers Rural America is heterogeneous where problems vary depending on the region and state Health ...

February 2014

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Effective Patient–Physician Communication

Number 587

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 492, May 2011)

ABSTRACT Physicians ability to effectively and compassionately communicate information is key to a successful patientphysician relationship The current health care environment demands increasing clinical productivity and affords less time with each patient which can impede effective patientphysici...

February 2014

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Preparing for Clinical Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 590

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 487, April 2011)

ABSTRACT Patient care emergencies may occur at any time in any setting particularly the inpatient setting It is important that obstetriciangynecologists prepare themselves by assessing potential emergencies establishing early warning systems designating specialized first responders conducting emer...

March 2014

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Challenges for Overweight and Obese Women

Number 591

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 470, October 2010)

ABSTRACT Overweight and obesity are epidemic in the United States Obesity is a risk factor for numerous conditions including diabetes hypertension high cholesterol stroke heart disease certain types of cancer and arthritis The prevalence of obesity is high exceeding 30 in adult women and men Many ...

March 2014

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