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Health Care for Unauthorized Immigrants

Committee Opinion Number 627, March 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 425, January 2009)

ABSTRACT Unauthorized undocumented immigrants are less likely than other residents of the United States to have health insurance The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has long supported a basic health care package for all women living within the United States without regard to th...

March 2015

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Health Care for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women

Committee Opinion Number 515, January 2012

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Sixty percent of American Indian and Alaska Native women live in metropolitan areas Most are not eligible for health care provided by the federal Indian Health Service IHS The IHS partly funds 34 Urban Indian Health Organizations which vary in size and services Some are small informationa...

January 2012

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Health Care for Women in the Military and Women Veterans

Committee Opinion Number 547, December 2012

Abstract Military service is associated with unique risks to womens reproductive health As increasing numbers of women are serving in the military and a greater proportion of United States Veterans are women it is essential that obstetriciangynecologists are aware of and well prepared to address t...

December 2012

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Health Care Systems for Underserved Women

Committee Opinion Number 516, January 2012

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Underserved women are those who are unable to obtain quality health care by virtue of barriers created by poverty cultural differences race or ethnicity geography sexual orientation gender identity or other factors that contribute to health care inequities With passage of the Patient Prot...

January 2012

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Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infections in Obstetrician–Gynecologists

Committee Opinion Number 655, February 2016

ABSTRACT To prevent transmission of bloodborne pathogens it is important that health care providers adhere to standard precautions follow fundamental infectioncontrol principles and use appropriate procedural techniques All obstetriciangynecologists who provide clinical care should receive the hep...

February 2016

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Hereditary Cancer Syndromes and Risk Assessment

Committee Opinion Number 634, June 2015

ABSTRACT A hereditary cancer syndrome is a genetic predisposition to certain types of cancer often with onset at an early age caused by inherited mutations in one or more genes Cases of cancer commonly encountered by obstetriciangynecologists or other obstetricgynecologic providersmdashsuch as bre...

June 2015

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Hormone Therapy and Heart Disease

Committee Opinion Number 565, June 2013

(Replaces No. 420, November 2008, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Menopausal hormone therapy should not be used for the primary or secondary prevention of coronary heart disease at the present time Evidence is insufficient to conclude that longterm estrogen therapy or hormone therapy use improves cardiovascular outcomes Nevertheless recent evidence sugg...

June 2013

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Committee Opinion Number 389, December 2007

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Because human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing an obstetriciangynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV Universal testing with patient notification and rig...

December 2007

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Human Papillomavirus Vaccination

Committee Opinion Number 641, September 2015

(This Committee Opinion Replaces Committee Opinion Number 588)

ABSTRACT Human papillomavirus HPV is associated with the development of anogenital cancer including cervical vaginal vulvar penile and anal oropharyngeal cancer and genital warts Human papillomavirus vaccination can significantly reduce the incidence of anogenital cancer and genital warts Despite ...

September 2015

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Identification and Referral of Maternal Genetic Conditions in Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 643, October 2015

ABSTRACT Advances in the understanding of genetic conditions reproductive technologies and improved medical and surgical care have enabled an increasing number of women with genetic conditions to achieve a normal pregnancy outcome However management of certain genetic conditions during pregnancy i...

October 2015

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Increasing Access to Abortion

Committee Opinion Number 613, November 2014

(Replaces No. 424, January 2009)

ABSTRACT Safe legal abortion is a necessary component of womens health care The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the availability of highquality reproductive health services for all women and is committed to improving access to abortion Access to abortion is threatened ...

November 2014

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Increasing Access to Contraceptive Implants and Intrauterine Devices to Reduce Unintended Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 642, October 2015

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 450, December 2009)

ABSTRACT Unintended pregnancy persists as a major public health problem in the United States Although lowering unintended pregnancy rates requires multiple approaches individual obstetriciangynecologists may contribute by increasing access to contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices Obstetr...

October 2015

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Induced Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk

Committee Opinion Number 434, June 2009

(Reaffirmed 2015, Replaces No. 285, August 2003)

Abstract The relationship between induced abortion and the subsequent development of breast cancer has been the subject of a substantial amount of epidemiologic study Early studies of the relationship between prior induced abortion and breast cancer risk were methodologically flawed More rigorous ...

June 2009

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Integrating Immunizations Into Practice

Committee Opinion Number 661, April 2016

ABSTRACT Immunization against vaccinepreventable diseases is an essential component of womens primary and preventive health care Despite the importance of vaccination and clear guidance from public health agencies rates of vaccination lag behind national goals Obstetriciangynecologists can play a ...

April 2016

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Intimate Partner Violence

Committee Opinion Number 518, February 2012

ABSTRACT Intimate partner violence IPV is a significant yet preventable public health problem that affects millions of women regardless of age economic status race religion ethnicity sexual orientation or educational background Individuals who are subjected to IPV may have lifelong consequences in...

February 2012

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Management of Acute Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Nonpregnant Reproductive-Aged Women

Committee Opinion Number 557, April 2013

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Initial evaluation of the patient with acute abnormal uterine bleeding should include a prompt assessment for signs of hypovolemia and potential hemodynamic instability After initial assessment and stabilization the etiologies of acute abnormal uterine bleeding should be classified using ...

April 2013

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Management of Pregnant Women With Presumptive Exposure to Listeria monocytogenes

Committee Opinion Number 614, December 2014

(Reaffirmed 2016)

ABSTRACT Listeriosis is predominantly a foodborne illness with sporadic and outbreakrelated cases tied to consumption of food contaminated with listeria Listeria monocytogenes The incidence of listeriosis associated with pregnancy is approximately 13 times higher than in the general population Mat...

December 2014

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Management of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Committee Opinion Number 675, October 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 509, November 2011)

ABSTRACT Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia VIN is an increasingly common problem particularly among women in their 40s Although spontaneous regression has been reported VIN should be considered a premalignant condition Immunization with the quadrivalent or 9valent human papillomavirus vaccine which...

October 2016

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Management of Women With Dense Breasts Diagnosed by Mammography

Committee Opinion Number 625, March 2015

ABSTRACT Women with dense breasts have a modestly increased risk of breast cancer and experience reduced sensitivity of mammography to detect breast cancer However evidence is lacking to advocate for additional testing until there are clinically validated data that indicate improved screening outc...

March 2015

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Marriage Equality for Same-Sex Couples

Committee Opinion Number 574, September 2013

(Replaces No. 428, February 2009)

ABSTRACT Samesex couples encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure stigma and discriminatory attitudes and treatment limited access to health care and health insurance and often a limited understanding of their health risks Samesex couples and the...

September 2013

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